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Background: An ageing workforce is a challenge for businesses that are increasingly expected to adapt workplaces to enable employees to remain in work longer. Emerging evidence highlights employer practices to attract or retain older workers. This paper explores employers’ motivations for introducing measures to accommodate an older workforce in three European case study countries. Objectives: The objective is to illustrate and understand different approaches to, and stages in, adjusting workplaces to accommodate an ageing workforce. Methods/Approach: The study combines case studies, including site visits and interviews, with expert consultations. Results: The research finds marked between-country differences, with United Kingdom case studies highlighting a strong emphasis on age-neutral practices shaped by legislation; age-confident practices in Germany resulting from collaborative arrangement between employers and trades unions (with legislation permissive towards age discrimination); business in Spain remaining relatively inactive, despite evidence of people expecting to work longer in life. Conclusions: Diverging employer motivations and responses to the challenge of an ageing workforce risk a multi-speed Europe in age-confident workplace innovation. A concerted effort that draws on the multiple factors that motivate initiative would be required to achieve good working conditions for older workers across Europe.

], 2018, № 4 (67), pp. 35–52. Кirnos, I. (2018). Working longer at older age: strategies of the workplace adaptation. Ed.M.Zveryakov (ed. in. ch.) and others [Prodovzhennya roboty u pokhylomu vitsi: stratehiyi adaptatsiyi robochykh mists; za red.:M.I.Zveriakova ( ta in.], Socioeconomic research bulletin; Visnyk sotsialʹno-ekonomcčhnykh doslidžhenʹ (ISSN 2313-4596), Odessa National Economic University, Odessa, Issue 2, No.65. Kratt, O. Кirnos, I. (2018). The factors of employment at the retirement age. Efficiency of personnel management in the enterprise

stimulate the labor supply among older workers, the payroll tax reduction was meant to stimulate demand and compensate for things like productivity downturns or workplace adaptations for older workers. According to the Employment Protection Act, individuals have the right to continue working until age 67. As the focus of this paper is on the labor supply effects, a more detailed description of the increased JSA is provided. The JSA entailed higher relative profitability of paid work compared to pension income, but the standard deduction for older workers was