This article presents the findings from qualitative interviews with nine Danish council reporters on how they use the Internet for research on council affairs. Through qualitative interviews, the article aims to qualify and expand findings from survey research on journalists’ use of the Internet for research and asks how much value journalists add to information found on the Internet and how important Internet research is compared to other types of research. The journalists interviewed found that the council website was useful as a provider of factual information about the council and a searchable archive of council affairs. Most importantly, the website expands the opportunities for monitoring council affairs. Journalists also found that access to Internet-based information on websites outside the council has improved the quality of their products. Generally, council reporters add context, opinions, and democratic control to information found on the Internet and do not see the Internet as a competitor for audience attention.
College (SNDC), 2012. In Swedish.
Moss, G.M: Range Danger Area Assessment for Shaped Charge Warheads. 14th International Symposium on Ballistics, Quebec, Canada. September 1993, pp. 805-813.
NATO: AASTP-5, NATO Guidelines for the storage, maintenance and transport of ammunition on deployed missions or operations: NATO, 2008. Edition 1, change 1.
(SwAF 2004 ) Swedish Armed Forces: Handbook of Ammunition and Mine Clearance for the Swedish Total Defence - WorkingMethods. Stockholm : The Swedish Armed Forces, 2004 . M
In 1933, the newly founded Escuela de Estudios Árabes of Madrid printed Nykl’s edition of Dīwān Ibn Quzmān as its inaugural book. The Nykl papers held at the Náprstek Museum offer great insight into the working method of an orientalist of the first half of the 15th century. It is the aim of this article to demonstrate the author’s preparations and, through them, to analyze author’s working method, his relations to his predecessor Julián Ribera and reasons behind the final form of the book. The significant use of Nykl’s papers in the article demonstrates the importance of personal papers for mapping the writing and publishing processes.
Drawing on the working methods of imagology, this article surveys the way in which an implicit or tacit European self-image has taken shape over the centuries through contrast with two non-European Others: the New World and the Mediterranean. The article shows how these two others merge into a self-image of European alienation and moral perplexity following the devastations of the Second World War: the European cities have become kasbahs, Europe has become its own Other.
Our study on the venous vasculature of the kidney (the location and the formation of the renal veins) was performed on a total of 148 cases, using as working methods the dissection, the injection of contrast medium followed by radiography and the plastic injection followed by corrosion. Not all anatomical landmarks could be studied in all cases, each anatomical landmark being assessed on a number of different cases. The left renal vein formation was studied on 124 cases and we have found that the left renal vein may appear inside the renal sinus (intrarenal or intrasinusal) in 13.71 % of cases; in 17.74 % of the cases the confluence of the tributaries of the renal was at the medial border of the kidney, so juxtarenal and the most common form was the extrarenal vein (68.55 % of cases). The level of appearance of the right renal vein was studied on 122 cases, describing the following patterns: intrasinusal in 19.67 % of cases, juxtarenal in 27.87 % of cases and extrarenal in 52.46 % of cases.
The formation of renal veins was studied on a number of 114 cases, finding the following variations: in 56.14 % of the cases the renal vein formed from two venous trunks, in 38.60 % of cases from three venous trunks and in 5.26 % of cases from four venous trunks; we did not found cases of renal vein formed from more than 4 tributaries.
Mihai-Marcel Neag, Lucian Ispas and Cătălin Grindeanu
The planning of operations is regulated by documents covering the participation of forces in military actions in a national and multinational context. The process of planning the operations has been adapted to conceptual planning progress. The concept of allied effect-based operations, which was an alternative to old national concepts, has undergone transformations, so the process of planning operations at allied level is currently based on the concept of a comprehensive approach, which is a strategic concept, do not give up effects. The term action-based operations has been replaced by the term “thought-based thinking” and belongs to the general concept of comprehensive approach. If the planning process meant the effects, so the main planning objectives were the effects, then the planning was based on concrete objectives, the effects being maintained for the economy of effort and maximizing efficiency, the main purpose of the effects being the evaluation of the operations. From this point of view, we consider that the concept has not been abandoned, what has changed, it was just the working method, the subject being still topical.
Among the collection of practices and methods used by postmodern artists to undermine the rigid conventions of the theatre, there are stylistic hybridization and the tendency to de-theatricalize the situation that is presented in the context of the performance. In order to de-theatricalize, there is an emphasis on the real elements used to create the performance. One of the methods employed for inserting realness in the performance is the verbatim method, which consists of documenting through surveys, interviews, research of documents on a given theme, followed by using the collected data (which is to be edited during a process that, preferably, does not include fictionalizing) to write the performance text. Can We Talk About This? is representative for the type of working method used by DV8 since the 2000s, when they started to become increasingly concerned with specific social situations, that are tackled in their performances through interview-based texts. Verbatim theatre and dance theatre come together in a new, inciting, hybrid genre that draws even more strongly from the immediate reality and, also, requires the engagement of all of the performers’ abilities, right from the beginning of the working process.
Substance treatment units in Norwegian prisons - humane and exceptional?
BACKGROUND - The treatment of prison inmates in the Nordic countries has been described as humane and welfare-oriented - often referred to as ‘Nordic exceptionalism’ AIM - This study explores how key actors working in 13 substance treatment units in Norwegian prisons assess the responsibilities, working methods and goal attainment of these units, and how their descriptions fit the idea of a Nordic exceptionalism. DATA AND METHOD - The data consists of qualitative interviews with 23 strategically selected informants of the specialist health care services and the correctional services. The interviews were analysed with the aid of systematic text condensation (STC). RESULTS - The results show that ‘rehabilitation’, ‘substance use treatment’ and ‘dynamic control’ are key topics for those who work in the substance treatment units. Overall, the informants describe the rehabilitation programmes in the units as intensive and as aiming to improve the inmates’ living conditions and social and cognitive skills, and to promote their reintegration into society. Moreover, informants state that inmates in the substance treatment units receive treatment from specialist health care services, and that the idea of therapy permeates many aspects of these units’ activities. Informants also state that they prioritise less repressive forms of control in the relationship to the inmates, and that these forms of control are favourable to rehabilitation.
CONCLUSIONS - The main pattern that emerges from this study supports that welfare orientation and ideas about therapy and rehabilitation are priorities in work with imprisoned substance users in substance treatment units. The control of inmates in these units is described as less repressive and favourable to rehabilitation. This pattern is not unambiguous, however, and the findings in this study may therefore help add nuances to the notion of Nordic exceptionalism.
The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) remains one of the most widely used laboratory tests. Its clinical usefulness and interpretation are in the monitoring of inflammatory diseases, in particular rheumatoid arthritis, temporal arteritis and polymyalgia rheumatica. At present, the reference method for measuring the ESR proposed by the International Committee for Standardization in Haematology (ICSH) utilizes EDTA-anticoagulated-undiluted blood to perform the test using the method described by Westergren in 1921. Current interest in the methodology focuses on the development of an automated closed system that allows the determination of the sedimentation rate with selected working methods, using a single sample for more than one haematological test, improving the bio-hazardous aspects of the testing procedures. As a consequence, standardization becomes necessary. ESR results should be reliable, despite the increased number of different methods and testing variables. Control materials and External Quality Assurance Schemes are now available, and should be used. In conclusion, innovative techniques may improve the appropriateness and usefulness of ESR in clinical practice, but in addition, they need to guarantee the traceability of results in comparison to the reference method in order to ensure comparability of results among different clinical laboratories.
The change of the political regime in Romania determined a real revolution in the activity of the trade unions which suddenly had to change their objectives and their working methods. These organisations were in a position to struggle for the status of universities and their professors in a society that considered that 3% of GDP for education is too much. Is possible to understand that trade unions acting instead of universities managers, but immediately after 1989, the rectors and their teams depended by the politicians in a way that they cannot ask more for the needs of universities, and these situations are comparable with ones manifested in other countries, like Peru, Bolivia or Ecuador (Haggard and Kaufmann, 1995). The social and professional involvement of university unions is now much more significant, and their role in the life of higher education institutions is becoming more and more imperative. Not only do they struggle for financial resources and real autonomy, but they also support the didactic and research activities of their members. They also try to prevent and stop the abuse of university leaders. This work aims to present the activity of the union of UniversitasTimisiensis (West University of Timisoara), the role it plays to increase the cohesion between its members and the cooperation with other university unions of Romania. We will also present some current and future solutions that can develop the competitiveness of our institution to make it more attractive not only for professors and researchers but also for students.
Methodology: In almost two decades we have observed that the role of education is treated differently in political declarations and public budgetary allocation. We tried to understand what the causes of these differences are, and we noticed that the formal voice of different union federations (there are four in the education field in Romania) is quite the same, but also there are some informal arrangements with governmental officials. Even in the higher education area, there are different aspects related to the goals of groups of universities (comprehensive, technical, medical) so the cohesion of different unions can be only apparent. We tried to investigate these aspects using quantitative research based on data supplied by Eurostat and National Institute of Statistics and about 15 interviews with different persons involved in the management of union organisations to see the characteristics of common patterns and also the specific differences.
Findings: We discovered that in the field of education there is a paradox of functionality of a system. All political parties sustain the idea of a consistent allocation of resources for education (there is a National Pact for Education signed by all parties in 2008 and assumed by all other parties that appeared after 2008), but in ten years the allocation was around 3% of GDP that represents only half of the agreement. The unions were forced to adopt different strategies in an unfriendly environment: they cooperated in most of the cases but, due to the lack of resources, they had to rally to the positions of the management of universities and that sometimes determined the dissent with other unions.
Value Added: It can be assumed that the unions can have an important role in education environment, even if they act in cohesion (most of the cases) and dissent (especially in case of improvement the position of the home university). The cohedissent (we try to underline the combination between the terms cohesion and dissent because it is almost impossible to have only cohesion in educational area) behaviour can represent a key factor to understanding the specificity of the role of university unions in improving the educational environment and insending more suggestive messages to the political parties.
Recommendations: The scientific research in universities is an essential aspect of higher education and the specific research within and between university unions can potentiate the activities of teachers and researchers. The cooperation between unions must be improved and the dissent must be used constructively.