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References Anonymus (2006). Pravidla hospodaření pro typy lesních přírodních stanovišť v evropsky významných lokalitách soustavy Natura 2000. Výsledek jednání pracovní skupiny. Planeta, odborný časopis pro životní prostředí , XIV, 9/2006 : 3-40. Abbe, T.B., Montgomery, D.R. (1996). Large woody debris jams, channel hydraulics and habitat formation in large rivers. Regulated Rivers: Research and Management, 12 : 210-221. Abbe, T.B., Montgomery, D.R. (2003). Patterns and processes of wood debris accumulation in the Queets river basin, Washington. Geomorphology

: Kozłowski JK and Kozłowski SK, eds., Człowiek i środowisko w pradziejach. Warszawa: 267–275 (in Polish). [33] Kryciński S, 1995. Bieszczady. Słownik Historyczno-Krajoznawczy. Cz. 1. Gmina Lutowiska (Bieszczady. Historical Dictionary Touring. Part. 1. Lutowiska Community). Warszawa — Ustrzyki Górne: 495pp (in Polish). [34] Kubijowicz W, 1926. Życie pasterskie w Beskidach Wschodnich (Pa-storal life in the Beskidy Wschodnie). Prace Instytutu Geografii Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego 5. Kraków: 3–30 (in Polish). [35] Kukulak J, Pazdur A and Kuc T, 2002. Radiocarbon dated wood

Abstract

The aim of the study was to compare the effect of windthrow treatments established after the windstorm in 2004 on the activity of enzyme dehydrogenase (DHA) in forest topsoils. We also focused on the effect of the recent windthrow (May 2014) on the DHA in topsoil. Soil samples were collected in July 2014 from four sites in the Tatra National Park: EXT - tree trunks and wood debris extracted after the windstorm in 2004, NEX - area left for self-regeneration after the windstorm in 2004, REX - tree trunks and wood debris extracted after the windstorm (May 2014), REN - Norway spruce stand set as a control plot. We measured pH, dry weight %, soil organic matter (SOM), carbon content in microbial biomass (Cblo) and DHA. Dehydrogenase activity at studied plots was the lowest at the EXT plot and the highest values were measured at the REN plot. DHA at NEX was similar to REN suggesting comparable ecological conditions at these plots comparing to EXT. Carbon content in microbial biomass at plots reflected intensity of dehydrogenase activity in sequence EXT < REX < NEX < REN.

Mites of the order Mesostigmata on plots reforested with Scots pine after various kinds of soil preparation and wood residue utilization after clear-cutting

The clear-cutting system is still popular, especially on poor sites in Central European forests. It causes serious disturbances in natural processes during forest regeneration. The main objective of this research on mesostigmatid mites was to evaluate and compare the influence of various kinds of soil preparation and treatment of the wood debris left after clear-cutting (on plots reforested with Scots pine Pinus sylvestris). As a result of the conducted investigations, 24 mite species of the order Mesostigmata were found. The highest number of species represented the families Parasitidae (7 species), Laelapidae (4 species) and Zerconidae, Digamasellidae, Ascidae (3 species each). The study was conducted on an experimental plot in the Międzychód Forest District (West Poland). The species composition of mite communities on all subplots is characteristic for Scots pine forests. The highest numbers of individuals and species were collected on the plots where the wood residue was burnt or chipped and left on the soil surface. The lowest numbers of individuals and species were colleted on the plots where the chipped wood residue was mixed with soil or removed from the plots. The method of wood residue utilization significantly influenced the community structure of the Mesostigmata, while various kinds of soil preparation before reforestation did not have any significant influence.

Abstract

We present a 46-year-old non-atopic HIV-negative woman from Doboj, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina, who was referred to the Department of Dermatovenereology, Clinical Center Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a 3-month long history of an erythematous, large indurated infl amed area on the upper arm. The condition was asymptomatic, immediately following surgical excision of a small tumor. After exlusion of pulmonary blastomycosis and other organ involvement, the diagnosis of primary inoculation cutaneous blastomycosis was made based on clinical presentation and histopathological fi ndings. Histopathology revealed thick-walled, rounded, budding yeasts with broad-based buds that stained pink with periodic acid-schiff (PAS) staining. Itraconazole therapy was initiated at a dose of 2x100 mg/day. After three months of therapy, the dose of itraconazole was increased to 2x200 mg/day during the next three months, and then the dose was reduced to 2x100 mg. Blastomycosis is an uncommon, chronic granulomatous and suppurative mycosis caused by Blastomyces dermatitidis, which belongs to the group of main endemic systemic mycoses and in the great majority of cases represents a primary pulmonary disease. Few sporadic cases have been reported in Europe. There are three forms of blastomycosis: primary cutaneous, pulmonary and disseminated. B. dermatitidis has rarely been isolated from the environment. Wood debris or land close to rivers or subject to fl ooding are considered to be the natural substrate. The fungus can grow in sterile soil in the laboratory, and it is believed that humans get infected by inhaling spores from a saprophytic source. Primary cutaneous blastomycosis is very rare and it is found in farmers and laboratory workers. Human to human transmission does not normally occur. The diagnosis of the skin lesions is made by direct microscopy of skin samples (e.g., pus, scrapings) with 10% potassium hydroxide mount and confi rmed by culture or biopsy. Histopathological analysis provides identifi cation of all the dimorphic fungi. However, this can be complicated by the fact that in some cases they can be morphologically atypical or sterile. In the tissues, B. dermatitidis produces characteristic thick-walled, rounded, refractile, and spherical budding yeasts with broad-based buds. Of the available antimycotic drugs, itraconazole 200 mg/day is probably the most effective, but at least 400 mg/day is redommended initially.

pier scour. J. Hydraul. Eng., 114, 10, 203-209. Oliveto, G., Hager, W.H., 2005. Further results to timedependent local scour at bridge elements. J. Hydraul. Eng., 131, 2, 97-105. Pagliara, S., Carnacina, I., 2010. Temporal scour evolution at bridge piers: Effect of wood debris roughness and porosity. J. Hydraul. Res., 48, 1, 3-13. Picek, T., Havlík, A., Mattas, D., 2004. Pressure flow and overflow bridges. J. Hydrol. Hydromech., 52, 3, 185-192. Raudkivi, A.J., 1998. Loose Boundary Hydraulics. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Raudkivi, A.J., Ettema, R., 1983

central Appalachians. - Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 24, 1317-1329. Meyer, P., Tabaku, V., von Lupke, B. 2003. Structural characteristics of Albanian beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) virgin forests - deductions for semi-natural forestry. - Forstwissenschaftliches Centralblatt, 122, 47-58. Motta, R., Berretti, R., Lingua, E., Piussi, P. 2006. Coarse woody debris, forest structure and regeneration in the Valona Forest Reserve, Paneveggio, Italian Alps. - Forest Ecology and Management, 235, 155-163. Muller, R.N., Liu, Y. 1991. Coarse wood debris in an old

. Třeboň: Ustav systemove biologie a ekologie AV ČR. Starr, Ch. (2005). Woodland management. Ramsbury: Crowood Press. Šindlar, M., Lohnisky, J., Zapletal, J. & Machar I. (2010). Wood debris in rivers - one of the key factors for management of the floodplain forest habitats of European importace. Journal of Landscape Ecology, 2(2), 56-72. Tremolieres, M. & Schnitzler A. (Eds.) (2007). Floodplain Protection, Restoration, Management. Why and how. Paris: Lavoisier SAS. Vlček, L. & Šindlar M. (2002). Geomorfologicke typy vodnich toků a jejich využiti pro revitalizace. Vodní

hydrological and moisture regime of soils in floodplain forests. In: Klimo, E., Hager, H., Matić, S., Anić, I., Kulhavý, J. (eds.), Floodplain Forests of the Temperate Zone of Europe (pp. 75-101.). Lesnická práce, Kostelec nad Černými lesy. Sklenička, P. (2003). Základy krajinného plánování. Centa, Brno. Šindlar, M., Lohniský, J., Zapletal, J., Machar, I., (2010). Wood debris in rivers - one of the key factors for management of the floodplain forest habitats of European importace. Journal of Landscape Ecology, 2 (2): 56-72. Štěrba, O., Měkotová, J., Bednář, V., Šarapatka, B