Diagnosis of Water Transport Safety State and System
The diagnosis of water transport safety concerns marine transport conducted in Polish marine areas and inland fairways. Marine shipping is subject to safety regulations of the International Maritime Organisation, the European Union and domestic regulations. Its specificity concerns mainly transit traffic in the Baltic Sea, where the traffic is not supervised, and the effects of a sea disaster may be felt in the Polish coast.
systems (in Polish). Collective work edited by red. A. Klich, A. Kozieł, E. Palczak. Gliwice: KOMAG Institute of Mining Technology, 2011, S. 53 – 63; 12. Paszota, Z.: Energy losses in hydrostatic drive (…). Lambert Publications, 2016. ISBN - 978-36-596399-6-8; 13. Kulczyk, J., Winter, J.: Inland watertransport (in Polish). Wroclaw 2003, electronic version: http://www.dbc.wroc.pl/Content/1322/srodladowy_transport_wodny.pdf ;
Functional model of river-sea ships operating in European system of transport corridors: Part II. Methods of determination of design assumptions for river-sea ships operating in European system of transport corridors, according to their functional model
This paper presents continuation of the research on the functional model of river-sea ships operating in European system of transport corridors. It deals with a set of methods of determination of design assumptions for river-sea ships. Relevant calculations were performed on the basis of a future network of European routes for operating the river-sea ships within EU system of water transport corridors, in which rates of cargo flows and lengths of particular routes as well as their mathematical model were taken into account. In consequence, technical assumptions for designing the fleet of river-sea ships to be operated in European system of water transport corridors, were obtained.
-012-0868-7 7. Benga G, Popescu O, Borza V, Pop VI, Muresan A, Mocsy I et al (1986a) Water permeability in human erythrocytes: identification of membrane proteins involved in watertransport. Eur. J. Cell Biol. 41:252–262. doi: 10.1021/bi00355a011 8. Benga G, Popescu O, Pop VI, Holmes RP (1986b) p-(Chloromercuri) benzenesulfonate binding by membrane proteins and the inhibition of watertransport in human erythrocytes. Biochemistry 25:1535–1538. doi: 10.1021/bi00355a011 9. Benga O, Huber V J (2012) Brain water channel proteins in health and disease. Mol. Aspects Med. 33
Functional model of river-sea ships operating in European system of transport corridors: Part I. Methods used to elaborate functional models of river-sea ships operating in European system of transport corridors
This paper presents a functional model of river-sea ships (shortly called: SRM) operating in European system of transport corridors. It is composed of two parts: Part I contains a descriptive model of functioning the SRM fleet with taking into account various shipping tasks as well as impact factors (external and internal factors, limitations and criteria). Also, a mathematical model of functioning the SRM fleet, including choice of relevant economic criteria (e.g. profit maximization, capital return period minimization etc), is presented. Results achieved on the basis of the functional model are presented in Part II of the paper.
The research on the ice cover of waterways, rivers, lakes, seas and oceans by satellite remote sensing methods began at the end of the twentieth century. There was a lot of data sources in diverse file formats. It has not yet carried out a comparative assessment of their usefulness. A synthetic indicator of the quality of data sources binding maps resolution, file publication, time delay and the functionality for the user was developed in the research process. It reflects well a usefulness of maps and allows to compare them. Qualitative differences of map content have relatively little impact on the overall assessment of the data sources. Resolution of map is generally acceptable. Actuality has the greatest impact on the map content quality for the current vessel’s voyage planning in ice.
The highest quality of all studied sources have the regional maps in GIF format issued by the NWS / NOAA, general maps of the Arctic Ocean in NetCDF format issued by the OSI SAF and the general maps of the Arctic Ocean in GRIB-2 format issued by the NCEP / NOAA. Among them are maps containing information on the quality of presented parameter. The leader among the map containing all three of the basic characteristics of ice cover (ice concentration, ice thickness and ice floe size) are vector maps in GML format. They are the new standard of electronic vector maps for the navigation of ships in ice.
Publishing of ice cover maps in the standard electronic map format S-411 for navigation of vessels in ice adopted by the International Hydrographic Organization is advisable in case is planned to launch commercial navigation on the lagoons, rivers and canals. The wide availability of and exchange of information on the state of ice cover on rivers, lakes, estuaries and bays, which are used exclusively for water sports, ice sports and ice fishing is possible using handheld mobile phones, smartphones and tablets.
The aim of the study is to assess potential impact of construction of the Danube - Oder - Elbe (DOL) water canal on populations of vertebrate species - amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals - and present using these species as bioindicators on landscape level. For analysis of the data, the canal route was divided into smaller sections which were assessed separately. The following criteria were analysed: 1) current occurrence of target vertebrate species, 2) identification of species affected by canal construction, including evaluation of their numbers, 3) identification of affected species protected by Czech legislation, 4) identification of affected species protected by EU legislation, 5) impact assessment of the DOL project on Special Protection Areas (SPAs) and Special Areas of Conservation (SACs), 6) data synthesis and impact assessment of the DOL vertebrates in the particular catchment areas. It is apparent that the most important negative impacts on vertebrate populations and their habitats in case of implementation of the DOL plan can be expected in the following sections of the Morava river: Hodonín - Břeclav, Kroměříž - Otrokovice, Veselí na Moravě - Hodonín, Troubky - Kroměříž, Doubravice - Střelice; of the Oder river: Jeseník nad Odrou - Ostrava, Ostrava - state border; and of the Elbe river: Česká Třebová - Pardubice. In case of construction of the DOL canal, disturbance, damage or loss of vertebrate habitats will occur at least at 6 out of 9 studied sections in the Morava catchment area, at 3 of 4 sections in the Oder catchment area and at 2 of 3 sections in the Elbe catchment area.
In this paper, we explore the morphological structure and semantics of 89 English compound terms and their Serbian equivalents, as employed in air traffic and waterways transport and traffic engineering. In order to facilitate the process of translating these English metaphorical compound lexemes into Serbian, 10 translation patterns and strategies are designed. The results of the analysis also show that English compound terms and translation equivalents in Serbian do not pattern in most cases. To obtain the findings, we develop a semantico-morpho-translation method.
In January 2007 following a competitive bidding process the Minister of Science and Higher Education decided to award the PBZ 2/2006 contract to deliver a three year research project Integrated System of Transport Safety to a consortium of the Gdańsk University of Technology, Silesian University of Technology, Air Force Institute of Technology in Warsaw and Maritime University of Szczecin. The subject of this paper is to present the problem, project outline and its objectives.
For a very long time the river Labe belongs to the transport ways with an unmistakable impact. Along the river Labe as well as along other inland water ways the commerce was spread and the towns lying on the river of Labe got the state of Hanza towns.. In the first half of the 19th century the railways transport in corridor Hamburg - Berlin - Dresden - Ústí nad Labem - Praha began competing with the water transport in this relation. So far the water cargo transport in this relation did not have competition. At present the water transport is on the edge of interest from the side of the government, investors and transporters. The reasons are clear. That is why that the infrastructure quality does not respond the transport requirements for the 21th century, the highway and railway networks are not finished, the trimodal reloading terminals absence. Usually that is why the inland water transport is not included into the logistic processes