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Abstract

Modeling of the loads of water supply networks and their subsequent forecasting is an element necessary for making optimum decisions in the process of planning the development and operation of the water supply networks. The results of this modeling are decisive for the selection of the diameters of the pipelines and their arrangement on the water demand area. This study presents the results of estimation of average values of loads for the selected investment variants. The aim of the article is to present the possibility of simulations and analyses of the geostatistical interpolation methods. Data input in the model regarded the fragment of the real water supply network administered by the Municipal Water and Sewerage Company in Warszawa. Results of the computer analyses for the presented investment variants were related to the operating data of the water supply network and the data on water demand for the years 2014-2017 and 2018-2025. The aim of this paper is to present the advantages of GIS for the water supply systems and to prove that using the appropriate IT system, with provision of proper data processing, may lead to decisions which are optimum in view of the established, often very complex criteria.

Abstract

The aim of this study is to assess the risk of failure of group water network in case of raw water contamination. The analysis was based on qualitative simulation performed in hydraulic water network model developed in the EPANET software. It was focused on the quantitative description of the consequences of chemically contaminated water. The methodology of risk assessment relies in determining the consequences of the supply water containing contamination threatening the health and lives of water consumers. The research methodology is as follows: development of a hydraulic model of the water pipeline and it’s hydraulic verification, computer simulations of contamination propagation, calculating the dose delivered to the i-th section of the water supply system supplying water to Ni recipients and the mass of a substance that enters the body li. The simulation results indicate the spread of contamination that after 24 h covered most of the area supplied with water. The load delivered to the resident obtaining water from the i-th section of the water supply network, Li/Ni, was up to 18 g·d-1, at least 15 g·d-1 was received by 34.9% of the population, 10-15 g·d-1 by 12.5% of the residents, 5-10 g·d-1 by 10.7% of the residents, 0-5 g·d-1 by 41.7% of the residents and uncontaminated water was delivered to only 13.3% of the consumers. The dose taken by the statistical consumer (calculated as for adults) l is up to 0.8 g for Li/Ni = 18 g·d-1 and is proportional to Li/Ni.

Abstract

Town of Krosno is supplied with water by 3 intakes: Sieniawa, Iskrzynia and Szczepańcowa. After the treatment water flows in water mains to the water network in Krosno. The aim of his paper is qualitative risk analysis of the water main Sieniawa failures. The consequences of the failure: pressure value in the network and its duration, were described for different conditions of failures: time of failure, water demand and water storage tanks initial filling. For simulations of pipe failure water network model made in Epanet 2 program was used. The model was verified both during operation of water network and during the failure, where field data were used. The results of the simulations are corresponding to observations made during the real failures. Negative consequences appear only after emptying the water storage tanks, it results from two features of the storage tanks: they stabilize pressure in the network and for some time can provide water to the network. The time of emptying the storage tanks varies according to water demand their initial filling, it is at least 3 hours. During this time the are no sign of failure. When the storage tanks are empty reduction of pressure an shortage of water are observed on prevailing area of Krosno.