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Prevalence of respiratory viruses isolated from dogs in Thailand during 2008-2009

distemper, adenovirus and parainfluenza viruses in domestic dogs with pneumonia. Comp Path. 2005; 133:289-93. 4. Chouinard L, Martineau D, Forget C, Girard C. Use of polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry for detection of canine adenovirus type 1 in formalinfixed, paraffinembedded liver of dogs with chronic hepatitis or cirrhosis. J Vet Diagn Invest. 1998; 10: 320-5. 5. Chvala S, Benetka V, Möstl K, Zeugswetter F, Spergser J, Weissenböck H. Simultaneous canine distemper virus, canine adenovirus type 2, and mycoplasma cynos

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Occurrence of Stone Fruit Viruses in Plum Orchards in Latvia

References Anonymous (2004). PM 4/29 (1) Certification scheme for cherry. Bulletin OEPP/ EPPO , 31 , 447-462. Barba, M., Hadidi, A., Candresse, T., Cambra, M. (2011). Plum pox virus . In: Hadidi, A., Barba, M., Candresse, T., Jelkmann, W. (eds.). Virus and Virus- like Diseases of Pome and Stone Fruits (pp. 185-197). St. Paul, Minnesota: APS Press. Blystad, D. R., Munthe, T. (2006). Plum pox virus (PPV) in Norway. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 36 , 212. Cambra, M., Capote, N

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Zika virus: A pandemic in progress

Introduction The world is facing a pandemic in progress named Zika virus (ZIKV) infection. The scientific data about this new emerging virus that is known to man since 1947 is still scarce. [ 1 , 2 ] The ZIKV is an arthropod-borne virus belonging to the genus Flavivirus of the family Flaviviridae, and is closely linked to other virus of the same family such as dengue, yellow fever, West Nile, and Japanese encephalitis viruses. [ 3 – 6 ] ZIKV was first isolated from Zika forest in Uganda from a febrile sentinel rhesus monkey and from the mosquito vector

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Multiple Virus Infections and the Characteristics of Chronic Bee Paralysis Virus in Diseased Honey Bees (Apis Mellifera L.) in China

References Ai H., Yan X., Han R. (2012) Occurrence and prevalence of seven bee viruses in Apis mellifera and Apis cerana apiaries in China. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 109(1): 160-164. Allen M., Ball B. (1996) The incidence and world distribution of the honey bee viruses. Bee World 77: 141-162. Bacandritsos N., Granato A., Budge G., Papanastasiou I., Roinioti E., Caldon M., Falcaro C., Gallina A., Mutinelli F. (2010) Sudden deaths and colony population decline in Greek honey bee colonies. Journal of

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Detection of Israeli Acute Paralysis Virus (IAPV) and Apis mellifera Filamentous Virus (AmFV) in Honey Bees in Mexico

REFERENCES Bailey, L. (1967). The incidence of virus diseases in the honey bee. Annals of Applied Biology, 60 (1), 43-48. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1967.tb05920.x Bailey, L., Ball, B. V., & Perry, J. (1983). Association of viruses with two protozoal pathogens of the honey bee. Annals of Applied Biology, 103 (1), 13-20. Ball, B., & Bailey, L. (1997) Honey Bee Pests, Predators and Diseases (Vol. 3, pp. 11-32). Carreck, N. L., Ball, B. V., & Martin, S. J. (2010). Honey bee colony collapse and changes in viral prevalence

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Virus Status, Varroa Levels, and Survival of 20 Managed Honey Bee Colonies Monitored in Luxembourg Between the Summer of 2011 and the Spring of 2013

References Blanchard P., Guillot S., Antùnez K., Köglberger H., Kryger P., De Miranda J. R., Franco S., Chauzat M.-P., Thiéry R., Ribière M. (2014) Development and validation of a real-time two-step RT-qPCR TaqMan(®) assay for quantitation of Sacbrood virus (SBV) and its application to a field survey of symptomatic honey bee colonies. Journal of Virological Methods 197: 7-13. DOI: 10.1016/j. jviromet.2013.09.012 Chen Y. P., Pettis J. S., Collins A., Feldlaufer M. F. (2006) Prevalence and transmission of honeybee viruses

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Development of a selective biopharmaceutical from Herpes simplex virus type 1 glycoproteins E and I for blocking antibody mediated neutralization of oncolytic viruses

-122. N. dePace, Sulla scomparsa di un enorme cancro vegetante del collo dell'utero senza cura chirurgica, Ginecologia   9 (1912) 82-89. E. Kelly and S. J. Russel, History of oncolytic viruses: genesis to genetic engineering, Mol. Ther.   15 (2007) 651-659; DOI: 10.1038/sj.mt.6300108. T-C. Liu and D. Kirn, Gene therapy progress and prospects cancer: oncolytic viruses, Gene Ther.   15 (2008) 877-884; DOI: 10.1038/gt.2008.72. K. Garber, China approves world's first oncolytic virus therapy

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Ecological Factors of Transmission, Persistence and Circulation of Pathogens In Bat Populations

the central Balkans. Exp. Appl. Acarol. , 66 (2), 281—291. DOI: 10.1007/s10493-015-9891-6. 7. Calisher, C. H., Childs, J. E., Field, H. E., Holmes, K. V., Schountz, T., 2006: Bats: important reservoir hosts of emerging viruses. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. , 19 (3), 531—545. DOI: 10.1128/CMR.00017-06. 8. Chaverri, G., 2006: Aerobic bacterial flora from the digestive tract of the common vampire bat, Desmodus rotundus ( Chiroptera : Phyllostomidae ). Rev. Biol. Trop. , 54 (3), 717—724. 9. Chen, L., Liu, B., Wu, Z., Jin, Q., Yang, J., 2017: DRodVir: A

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Detection of Orf Virus and Papillomavirus Out of Samples from Goats and Cattle which were Gathered by Multiplex PCR Romania

Detection of Orf Virus and Papillomavirus Out of Samples from Goats and Cattle which were Gathered by Multiplex PCR Romania

The lesions which appear on the skin and are caused by parapoxvirus, herpesviruses and papillomavirus, depending on they're gravity, can produce large economic losses. The identification of viral species with different laboratory methods can facilitate making a correct diagnostic in identifying the infectious entity. The most common encountered injuries, especially on goats and kids, have an oral location, breasts, eyes and genital and podal. On the other side on cattles infected with papillomavirus the lesions are multiple and spread all over the body. To identify the etiologic agent from goats and cattle with skin lesions, tissue samples were collected and scabs. The virus identification was made with molecural biology techniques. The PCR method revealed the viral DNA, thus identifying a portion of the B2L preserved gene which is then amplified using primers PPP1-PPP4. For papillomavirus detection, primers FAP59 and FAP 64 were used to conserve the L1 human gene, primers that can help detect other types of papillomavirus from other species. The PCR results showed that lesions from goats were made by Orf virus, a virus that belongs to the papillomavirus gene, as for cattles the bovine papillomavirus. Studies have shown that PCR is a rapid laboratory method which can be used to identify the viral agent that causes severe skin lesions.

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Profile of hepatocellular carcinoma in the Republic of Moldova: first-hand information on the presentation, distribution and etiologies

Virology). 1992; 37 :191-3. 4. KOSTRITSA S., KUZIN, S., KHUKHLOVICH, P., SHAKHGIL’DIAN, I., DOROSHENKO, N., BLINOV, V., et al. The detection of antibodies to the hepatitis C virus and to HBsAg in donors with viral hepatitis and cancerous diseases in the Republic of Moldova . Voprosy Virusologii (Questions in Virology). 1994; 39 :93-4. 5. STEPANOV G., BONDARENKO, M. and LAROVOĬ, P. Role of the instrument transmission factor in the epidemiology of viral hepatitis. II. Methods, materials, chief results . Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1977; 4 :133

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