Much evidence from theory and research points towards difficulties in processing metaphors by elderly people. These difficulties are usually associated with working memory and inhibitory control deficits observed in this age group, as these very functions play a crucial part in efficient metaphor processing. However, results of research on understanding metaphorical content by elderly people are inconclusive. The following article reviews studies showing that metaphor processing relies on a set of complex variables, which might explain the inconclusiveness of previous results. Though we acknowledge the role of interindividual factors (differences in cognitive functioning among the elderly), we focus on the properties of the metaphor stimuli themselves, especially those of conventionalization and valence, as they might influence the processing of verbal metaphors by people in older age groups.
-specific prediction account of the implicit causality effect. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology , 63 (1), 3-15. https://doi.org/10.1080/17470210903134344 Ferstl, E., Garnham, A., and Manouilidou, C. (2011). Implicit causality bias in English: A corpus of 300 verbs. Behavior Research Methods , 43 ,124-135. Fillmore, C. J. (1970). The grammar of hitting and breaking . In R. Jacobs and P. S. Rosenbaum (Eds.), Readings in English transformational grammar (pp. 120-133). Waltham: Ginn. Franco, F. and Arcuri, L. (1990). Effect of semantic valence on implicit causality
References 1. Abbassi, E., K. Kahlaoui, M. A. Wilson, Y. Joanette. Processing the Emotions in Words: The Complementary Contributions of the Left and Right Hemispheres. – Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, Vol. 11 , 2011, No 3, pp. 372-385. 2. Adelman, J. S., Z. Estes, M. Cossu. Emotional Sound Symbolism: Languages Rapidly Signal Valence via Phonemes. – Cognition, Vol. 175 , 2018, pp. 122-130. 3. Aryani, A., M. Conrad, A. M. Jacobs. Extracting Salient Sublexical Units from Written Texts: “Emophon,” A Corpus-Based Approach to Phonological Iconicity
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The mechanism underlying constructing of lexically correct sequences of words is an object of attention both in theoretical and applied fields of linguistics. This paper reveals some aspects of modelling the patterns of semantic valence in noun phrases of NN (Noun+Noun) structure, one or both components of which contain the ‘person’ semantic tag. The research is based on the Corpus of Ukrainian and performed with the help of automatic language processing.
References Sacco ICN, Bacarin TA, Watari R, et al. . Envelhecimento, atividade física, massa corporal e arco plantar longitudinal influenciam no equilíbrio funcional de idosos? Rev Bras Educ Fís Esp. 2008;22(3):183-191. Vale RGS, Oliveira RD, Pernambuco CS, Meneses YPSF, Novaes JS, Andrade AFD. Effects of muscle strength and aerobic training on basal serum levels of IGF-1 and cortisol in elderly women. Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2009; 49: 343-347. doi:10.1016/j.archger.2008.11.011 PMID:19131122 Rebelato JR, Calvo JI, Orejuela JR, Portillo JC. A influěncia de um
Value represents one of the key concepts in strategic management, because the evolution of both the theory and practice of strategic management has been greatly shaped by the generic searching for value. But the approaches of value have been quite various and sometimes controversial, making value one of the most complex and dynamic determinants and metrics of the strategic competitiveness of the firm. Therefore, the paper aims to identify, based on literature review, the multiple valences value has for the strategic management process (in all of its phases: analysis, formulation and implementation), in order to capture as much as possible of its multiple facets (as concerns value drivers, value creation and value distribution) into a comprehensive framework – able to successfully manage and measure the contribution of value to the strategic competitiveness of the firm, while enhancing it.
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with hypertension. J Hypertens. 1997;15(6):651-7. PMID:9218185 Eleotério da Silva J, Santos Pereira J, José Natali A, Gomes de Souza Vale R, Henrique Martin Dantas E. Efectos crônicos de um programa regular de natacion sobre la tension arterial de adultos hipertensos (Chronic effects of a regular program of swimming on arterial pressure in hypertensive adults). Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte. 2006;4(2):15-5. Gomes, MAM. Equipamentos utilizados para a monitorização residencial da pressão arterial (MRPA) (Equipments used for arterial pressure home
.1519/JSC.0b013e31817ae316 Church J. B, M. S. Wiggins, E. M. Moode, R. Crist (2001) Effect of warm-up and flexibility treatments on vertical jump performance. J. Strength Cond.Res. 15:332-336. Cornwell A., A. G. Nelson, B. Sidaway (2002) Acute effects of stretching on the neuromechanical properties of the triceps surae muscle complex. Eur.J. Appl.Physiol. 86:428-434. Dantas E. H. M, P. T. Salomão, R. G. S. Vale, A. Achour Jr., R. Simão, N. M. A. Figueiredo (2008) Escala de esforço percebido na flexibilidade (PERFLEX): um instrumento adimensional para se avaliar a