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Urban / Rural Hybrids: The Urbanisation of Former Suburbs (Urfsurbs)

., 2015. The streets of Los Angeles: About the integration of infrastructure and power. Landscape Research 40(2): 139-153. Kühne O., 2016. Transformation, Hybridisierung, Streben nach Eindeutigkeit und Urbanizing former Suburbs (URFSURBS): Entwicklungen postmoderner Stadtlandhybride in Südkalifornien und in Altindustrieräumen Mitteleuropas - Beobachtungen aus der Perspektive sozialkonstruktivistischer Landschaftsforschung. In: Hofmeister S., Kühne O. (eds), StadtLandschaften. Die neue Hybridität von Stadt und Land. Springer VS, Wiesbaden: 13

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Urbanization: Concepts, Trends and Analysis in Three Latin American Cities

References Aguilar, A 2008, ‘Peri-urbanization, illegal settlements and environmental impact in Mexico City’, Cities, vol. 25, pp. 133–145. Alfonso, W & Pardo, C 2012, ‘The suburbanization process in Bogotá D.C. and municipalities of the Savanna of Bogotá 1998-2010’ in Suburbanization versus peripheral sustainability of rural-urban areas fringes , eds M Czerny & G Hoyos Castillo, NOVA Publishers, pp. 103–122. Banzhaf, E Reyes-Paecke, S Müller, A & Kindler, A 2013,‘Do demographic and land-use changes contrast urban and suburban dynamics? A

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Peri-Urbanisation: Between Residential Preferences and Job Opportunities

1 Introduction During the 19 th and 20 th centuries, the growth and the concentration of population in developed countries were powered by industrialisation ( Bairoch/Goertz 1986 ) The rapidly expanding industries in many large towns and cities drew people from the countryside, transforming landscapes and societies. Since 1950, urbanisation has slowed down and urban expansion has occurred in a scattered way around the periphery of cities. This fragmented pattern of growth in the urbanisation process is commonly termed “urban sprawl” in the English

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Urbanisation and changes in fertility pattern in Poland and in the selected countries of Western and Southern Europe

: Demographic Research , 19/8, pp. 171-224. DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2008.19.8 Sobotka, T., Šťastná, A., Zeman, K., Hamplová, D. and Kantorová, V. 2008: Czech Republic: a rapid transformation of fertility and family behaviour after the collapse of state socialism. In: Demographic Research , 19/14, pp. 403-454. DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2008.19.14 Szymańska, D. 2007: Urbanizacja na świecie (Urbanization in the world - in Polish), Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, p. 392. United Nations, World Population

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Smart city solutions in regard to urbanization processes – Polish cases

References 1. B. Williams, “Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy”, London, 1985, p. 36. 2. http://urbnews.pl/raport-onz-world-urbanization-prospects-2014/; www.statista.com 3. www.cia.gov 4. “Urban World: Cities and the Rise of the Consuming Class”, McKinsey Global Institute, 2013. 5. “Future of the Cities - Cities of the Future. Strategies and Challenges. Social and technological innovations”, Report by ThinkTank and RWE, 2013. 6. R. D. Putnam, „Bowling Alone

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Electricity Consumption in Botswana:the Role of Financial Development, Industrialisation and Urbanization

). Electricity Consumptionin Lesotho: The Role of Financial Development, Industrialisation and Urbanisation, Journal of International Business and Economics, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 1-12. 70. Shahbaz, M. and Lean, H. H. (2012). Does Financial Development increase Energy Consumption? The Role of Industrialization and Urbanization in Tanzania, Energy Policy, Vol. 40, pp. 473-479. 71. Statistics Botswana.(2016). Electricity Generation & Distribution; Stats Brief, First Quarter 2016, 2016/2. Available at online at http

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The Role of the Inhabitants of Łódź in the Urbanisation of its Surrounding Area

Abstract

This article describes the urbanisation process within the recreational region surrounding Łódź. After an introduction to theoretical issues, the topic will be the ongoing changes, their stages, and effects on various planes of this urbanisation. The emphasis is put on showing the characteristics and scale of the process, its causes and social features. The paper concludes by demonstrating the dominating influence of the inhabitants of Łódź on urbanisation processes caused by their tourism and recreational activity in this area.

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in Turyzm
The urbanization of summer holiday estates surrounding Łódź: Wiśniowa Góra

The urbanization of summer holiday estates surrounding Łódź: Wiśniowa Góra

The article presents the reconstruction of the urbanization process in Wiśniowa Góra, a village near Łódź. It came into being in 1870 as a farming village, surrounded by a forest. After several years the holiday function developed there, which became the base for the general development of the destination during the inter-war period. In 1945 - 1989 Wiśniowa Góra became a dormitory village and a summer holiday estate. The political and economic transformation, which started in 1989, has led to the collapse of the holiday function and the development of the residential function, thus transforming Wiśniowa Góra into a Łódź suburb.

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in Turyzm
Spatial and Morphological Effects of Tourism Urbanisation in the Łódź Metropolitan Area

Abstract

The article presents the effects of urbanisation that took place from 1979 to 2004, on the space of tourism areas in the rural-urban fringe of the Łódź Metropolitan Area. The study concerns morphological changes, i.e. land use, land plot development, as well as the technological and social infrastructure of 24 destinations

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in Turyzm
Spatial Constraints of Slovenian Farms: What Does Urbanization Have to Do with It?

.1016/0743-0167(94)90046-9. [11] Grazuleviciute-Vileniske, I., Zaleskiene, E., Baltrusaityte, G. & Rubikaite, L. (2015). Urbanization Influence on the Relicts of Soviet Rural Landscape: Case of Lithuania. SAGE Open 1-18. Doi: 10.1177/2158244015601718. [12] Hauser, L. T., Van Der Sluis, T. & Giezen, M. (2016).The Role of Farm Management Characteristics in Understanding the Spatial Distribution of Landscape Elements: A Case Study in the Netherlands. Rural Landscapes: Society, Environment, History 3(1), 1-15. Doi: 10.16993/rl.14. [13] Henderson, S. R. (2005

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