Külliki Tafel-Viia, Erik Terk, Silja Lassur and Andres Viia
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EVANS, G. (2009): Creative Cities, Creative Spaces and UrbanPolicy. Urban Studies, 46(5–6): 1003–1040.
FLORIDA, R. (2002): The Rise of the Creative Class. And How it’s Transforming Work, Leisure, Community and Everyday Life. New York, Basic Books.
FOORD, J. (2008): Strategies for creative industries: and international review. Creative Industries Journal, 1(2): 91–113.
Alberski R. (2011). Evolution of the local government electoral system in Poland (1990-2006). In: Dobek-Ostrowska B., Głowacki M. ed. Making democracy in 20 years. Media and politics in Central and Eastern Europe . Wrocław: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego, pp. 59-75.
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Cichosz M. (2009). Rywalizacja w warunkach monopolu – na przykładzie wyborów
up of the pattern of spatial and economic development, the institutional framework and the (national) political debate and political priorities set. As a consequence, the conceptual framework for analysing the Dutch case is made up of those factors that influence urban development, notably European and national context factors, external and international factors that influence urban development and the way in which local parties deal with changes, problems and opportunities (governance). In this contribution we focus on national urbanpolicies. It is obvious that
At least since the emergence of the modern welfare state model, targeting local problems through spatially focused interventions became an essential part of political agendas in the developed world ( van Gent, Musterd & Ostendorf 2009 ). More recently, interest in urbanpolicies has also been on the rise in other parts of the world, including in particular the post-socialist countries of Central and Eastern Europe. In Poland, for instance, numerous regeneration projects flourished following accession to the European Union and an initiative
cultural activities, centres of innovation and development, as well as places of employment for the majority of European citizens. Also, more than 60% of the inhabitants of Poland live in towns and cities ( Central Statistical Office 2014 ). That is why the quality of the urban environment, and the living conditions enjoyed by city dwellers have become important issues in relation to the development of urban space. Among the important urbanpolicy issues there are those which are connected with the restoration of degraded urban areas, also including (post
Arnold Bernaciak, Agnieszka Rzeńca and Agnieszka Sobol
ensure citizen involvement in developing urbanpolicy and space. Participatory budgeting is one of the tools which has been used the most frequently and has resulted in a number of urban space transformations in Polish cities ( Bernaciak, Rzeńca & Sobol 2017 ).
Participatory budgeting as an instrument for shaping urban space
The importance of citizen engagement and the role of communities in urbanpolicy was neglected in Poland for many years. However, the boost of citizen involvement has encouraged cities to engage in dialogue with their local communities and
The emergence of the modern concept of the sustainable city raises afresh the longstanding issue of the place and role of vegetation in urban and peri-urban areas in Europe. The awareness of biodiversity and the exploration of the services provided by ecosystems both lead to the development of ecological networks based on green spaces in and around the city. The establishment of these networks converges with the control of urban growth and urban sprawl, with the ‘green belts’. Drawing on the development of public policy governing the place of vegetation in Berlin, London and Paris, this article seeks to show the correspondences that have developed in the discussions of urban policy carried on in the major industrialized countries, and also the conflicting goals which these policies are meant to implement.
Atkinson, R. (2006): English UrbanPolicy An overview and examination of contemporary developments. Manuskript zum Europäischen Kongress in München am 30. November 2006. Bristol. Atkinson R. 2006 English UrbanPolicy An overview and examination of contemporary developments Manuskript zum Europäischen Kongress in München am 30 November 2006 Bristol
Bloxham, T. (2001): Creating an Urban Splash: Rehabilitation of Central Sites. In: Echenique, M.; Saint, A. (Hrsg.): Cities for the New Millennium. London, New York, S. 67–72. Bloxham T
market that limited the scope for speculating on property.
The article’s objective is to present the assumptions of the gentrification approach as a tool that is possibly useful for the purposes of evaluating urbanpolicy. Gentrification seems to be one of the most important contemporary urban processes, even though it is judged in different ways. Plenty of public actions, including those performed by public sector, privately-owned companies and grassroots movements, seem to have an effect on the emergence of this process. Gentrification, understood as a
. 2003 Sozialraumanalyse – Soziale, ethnische und demografische Segregation in den nordrhein-westfälischen Städten Gutachten für die Enquetekommission „Zukunft der Städte in NRW“ des Landtags Nordrhein-Westfalen Dortmund, Bochum
Van den Berg, L.; Braun, E.; van der Meer, J. (2004): National UrbanPolicies in the European Union. Rotterdam. Van den Berg L. Braun E. van der Meer J. 2004 National UrbanPolicies in the European Union Rotterdam
VV-Städtebauförderung 1999: Verwaltungsvereinbarung über die Gewährung von Finanzhilfen des Bundes an die Länder nach Artikel