Jantzen, C., Amy-Chinn, D., Ostergaard, P. (2006a). Doing and meaning: Towards an integrated approach to the study of women”s relationship to underwear. Journal of Consumer Culture, 6(3), 379-401.
 Jantzen, C., Østergaard, P., Sucena Vieira C. M. (2006b). Becoming a woman to the backbone Lingerie consumption and the experience of feminine identity, Journal of Consumer Culture, 6(2), 177-202.
 Kowalski K., Janicka J., Massalska-Lipinska T., Nyka M. (2010). Impact of raw material combinations on the biophysical parameters and
 Yi, L. (2002). Clothing comfort and product development. Beijing: China textile press.
 Sybilska, W., Napieralska, L. & Mielicka, E. (2010). Analysis of body measurements using a 3D contactless scanning method. AUTEX Research Journal, 10(3), 77-79.
 Shijia, Y. (2008). Study of pressure comfort and size optimization on female seamless underwear. Zhejiang Polytechnic University, December, 39-45. PhD.
 Minxia, L., Yueping, W. & Jinzi, W. (2009). Objective measurement and
This study evaluates the efficiency of non-flammable functional underwear used as a secondary heat barrier in extreme conditions. Five groups of knitted fabrics were analysed for flame resistance and selected physiological properties (water vapour permeability, air permeability, thermal resistance and liquid moisture transport by moisture management transport). The results indicated similar levels of flame resistance for the materials tested but show important differences in terms of physiological characteristics, namely liquid moisture transport, which influences the safety and comfort of protective clothing.
Onofrei Elena, Teodor-Cezar Codau, Petrusic Stojanka, Bedek Gauthier, Dupont Daniel and Soulat Damien
Research Journal, 78 (11), 1025-1035.
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Stephanie Trummer, Andrea Ehrmann and Alexander Büsgen
Cardiovascular diseases are the most frequent cause of death worldwide. Cases of cardiac arrest can often be attributed to undetected cardiac arrhythmia. Detecting rare episodes of arrhythmia necessitates long-term ECG measurements along days or weeks. However, due to the relatively small number of electrodes used for these ECGs, abnormal episodes can still go unrecognized. This article thus describes the development of underwear with ten inbuilt textile ECG electrodes, allowing for the measurement of long-term 12-lead ECG. As against the constructs of other research groups, the position of electrodes offers the same detection directions as the common 12-lead ECG equipment in hospitals or medical practices. Long-term tests have shown the suitability of the sensory underwear variants for men and women to detect reliable ECG signals without disturbing the patients’ comfort.
Sajid Hussainn, Viera Glombikova, Nasrullah Akhtar, Adnan Mazari, Tariq Mansoor and Kanwar Ali Haider Khan
This study investigates the effect of material composition on moisture management properties. Fiber type has significant influence on the moisture management properties of knitted fabrics. In this article, single jerseys knitted fabric samples with different yarn compositions were prepared. Liquid moisture transportation properties including wetting time, absorption rate, spreading speed, one-way transportation capability, and OMMC were evaluated by Moisture Management Tester (MMT) and vertical wicking was evaluated using thermography system and image analysis. Knitted sample having fine cotton yarns with coolmax and micro denier multifilament polypropylene showed best liquid transportation properties. There is a strong co-relation between OMMC and accumulative oneway transport index with vertical wicking of knitted samples.
The term ‘encopresis’, derived from ancient Greek ἐγκόπρησις / egkóprēsis, which means stool, was first introduced in 1926 by Weissenberg to describe the loss of stool in underwear as the faecal equivalent of enuresis. The soiling of underwear is defined as the accidental passage of very small amounts of faeces into underpants. Quantitatively, the content of stool between encopresis and soiling is difficult to determine, and it is especially difficult for parents assess it. Therefore, a new term was adopted – faecal incontinence – that encompasses both encopresis and soiling.
Faecal incontinence is defined as the discharge of faeces in socially awkward situations at least once per month in children ≥ 4 years old. In approximately 95% of cases, faecal incontinence in children is not organic in origin, but instead appears as a functional gastrointestinal disorder. In 80% of children with functional faecal incontinence, the symptoms are associated with functional constipation. The remaining 20% of the cases involve no signs of faecal retention and are defined as non-retentive functional faecal incontinence.
This paper aims to present the latest findings within this area of paediatric gastroenterology.
Atsushi Kawamura, Chunhong Zhu, Julie Peiffer, KyoungOk Kim, Yi Li and Masayuki Takatera
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 Matsudaira M, Kawabata S
evaporative from underwear designed for fire-fighters. Autes Res J, 15 (1), 35-47.
 Yu Z.C., Zhang J.F., Lou C.W., He H.L., Chen A.B., Lin J.H. (2015). Moisture comfort and antibacterial properties of elastic warp-knitted fabrics, Autes Res J, 15 (1), 60-66.
 Yu Z.C., Zhang J.F., Lou C.W., He H.L., Chen A.B., Lin J.H. (2015). Wicking behavior and dynamic elastic recovery properties of multifunction elastic warp-knitted fabrics. Textile Res J, 85(14), 1486-1496.
 Yanılmaz M., Kalaoglu F. (2012). Investigation of wicking, wetting and drying
Sensor Made of High-Strength, Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube/Poly(vinyl alcohol) Filaments, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces,9(5), 4788–4797.
 Kubiak P., Leśnikowski J. Gniotek K. (2016). Textile Sweat Sensor for Underwear Convenience Measurement. Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe, 24(6),151-155.
 Kurczewska A., Leśnikowski J. (2008). Variable-thermoinsulation garments with a microprocessor temperature controller, International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 14 (1), 77-87.
 Zhang H., Zeng B.Q., Ao L., & Zhang Z. (2012). A novel