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The material proposes a generalised model for the development of underwater technology, understood as a technical means of penetrating and exploring the depths of the oceans. The model was developed on the basis of the previously proposed bifurcation model. The basis and starting point for the development of the model was the analysis of literature. The proposed model indicates that regardless of which technical solution for underwater penetration was developed in the past, it will belong to one of the three defined developmental ‘streams’ of this technique. Since the proposed model has the characteristic of a flowing stream and is more general than the bifurcation model, its name has been proposed as a generalised amnistic developmental model of the underwater technique.


The article presents selected issues related to the management of underwater systems utilising remotely controlled unmanned vehicles, constructed and used at the Faculty of Maritime Technology and Transport of the West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin. System managements covers a number of activation levels connected with the current utilisation of systems, as well as developmental works. The article accentuates the conditions of use for the said systems with the main consideration of didactic purposes.


This is the first publication from a series of articles devoted to the issues of underwater exploration carried out for litigation purposes. The present paper suggests that an exploration strategy should be defined as: all actions that aim at creating and implementing a plan of exploration, conducted with the application of a defined exploration methodology - here understood to refer to the technical way the task is completed. Such an approach is taken in order to ensure the most adequate involvement of means and resources for the plan’s implementation. Since the choice of strategy affects many aspects that range from the technical to the environmental, this first part focuses on the location of the exploration and the anticipated conditions.

B ibliography 1. Olejnik A.: The present state of technology of remotely controlled abyssal vehicles Polish Hyperbaric Research 2009, 3(28), pp. 23 – 46; 2. Olejnik A.: The future of underwater technologies – a diver or a robot? Podwodny Świat 2002, 6 (32) 2002; pp. 22-26; 3. Beebe W.: 923 metres into the ocean. Trzaska, Evert i Michalski S.A., Warsaw 1935, p. 306; 4. Olejnik A.: The method of diagnosis surfaces of underwater objects with the use of a visual system, Scientific Journal of Polish Naval Academy, Gdynia 2015, 200A, p. 156, DOI: 10.5604/0860889X; 5

, Issues and Techno-creation, GSTF Journal of Engineering Technology (JET), vol. 3, No. 1, July, 2014, p. 96-105. [9] Ruban L., Decorative Features of the Phenomenon of “Water” for the Modern Architectural and Landscape Practice: Statics and Dynamics Forms ; Sci.-Tech. Collection: Modern Problems of Architecture and Urban Development. Kiev, KNUCA, 2017, Issue 49, pp. 343-352 (in Ukrainian). [10] Ruban L., Underwater Urban Studies: Modern Issues and Trends , Sci.-Tech. Collection: Underwater Technology. Kiev, KNUCA, 2016. Issue 3, pp. 54-65. [11] Ruban L., Decorative

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