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módszerekkel [Method and procedure for decreasing the trypsin inhibitor content and urease activity of soy-bean by chemical methods combined with heat treatment]. XXI. Nemzetközi Vegyészkonferencia [21 st International Conference of Chemistry). Csíksomlyó (Şumuleu Ciuc), 23–27 September 2015. 24. [4] J. D. Astwood, J. N. Leach, R. L. Fuchs, Stability of food allergens to digestion in vitro. Nature Biotechnology , 14. (1996) 1269–1273. [5] K. Baintner, J. Csapó, Lack of acid-resistant trypsin inhibitor in mare’s colostrum: short communication. Acta Veterinarica Hungarica

Preliminary studies on the effect of rebamipide against the trypsin and egg-albumin induced experimental model of asthma

The present investigation was carried out to study the effect of rebamipide in experimentally induced bronchial asthma in mice. Trypsin and egg-albumin induced chronic model of asthma was used and various parameters were measured on the 35th day. The asthmatic control group showed lower level of haemoglobin saturation with oxygen, tidal volume, airflow rate and higher respiratory rate, serum bicarbonate level, eosinophil count in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and histamine level compared to the normal control group. Dexamethasone and rebamipide treated groups showed the return of all the above parameters towards normal values. Histopathological examination of lungs showed more prominent alveolar and muscular layer destruction in the asthmatic control group than in dexamethasone and rebamipide treated groups. Rebamipide showed a beneficial effect and might be used for the treatment of bronchial asthma.


AHyaluronic acid (HA) is part of the extracellular matrix of connective, epithelial and neural tissues, as well as the synovial fluid, skin, and cartilage. It is composed of repeating disaccharide units of D-glucuronic acid and N-acetyl glucosamine. Hyaluronic acid is used in abdominal surgery, ophthalmology, dermatology, rhinology; it is usable for the osteoarthritis treatment. The membranes of eggshell are a natural source of hyaluronic acid, collagen, glycosaminoglycan and collagenous proteins. In paper, we tested the possibility of extraction hyaluronic acid from the eggshell membranes by enzymatic hydrolysis. We identified optimal conditions of hydrolysis with trypsin at reaction temperature of 37 °C and pH 8; with pepsin at 40 °C and pH 3, as well as with papain at 60 °C and pH 7.5. The content of hyaluronic acid in samples was determined spectrophotometrically using the carbazole method. The experimental results showed a yield of ~ 4 -4.5 % hyaluronic acid per 1 g of dry eggshell membranes.


Novel quercetin derivatives were prepared to change its physicochemical properties and effects on activity of proteolytic enzymes. For them preparation, the selective protection procedures some of the quercetin hydroxyl groups and acylation of the others with acylchlorides were used. The ability of these compounds to inhibit the activity of serine proteases e.g. trypsin, thrombin, urokinase and elastase was studied. In micromolar range, tested derivatives were the most potent inhibitors of thrombin. There was estimated better inhibition of thrombin for prenylated, acetylated, feruloyl and caffeoyl quercetin esters. Slight inhibitory effect of all quercetin derivatives on elastase was found. Among tested derivatives only diquercetin displayed better inhibiton. Trypsin and urokinase were inhibited by quercetin at comparable level. Slight improvement in inhibitory effect of trypsin and urokinase was seen for chloronaphtoquinone quercetin that revealed enhanced inhibiton of thrombin, too. However, no influence on elastase activity was determined for this compound. Obtained results indicate that certain modifications of quercetin structure could improve its biological properties.

9 : 1 5 9 - 6 2 . do i : 10.1111/j.1398-9995.1994.tb00819.x 19. Quirce S, Fernández-Nieto M, Polo F, Sastre J. Soybean trypsin inhibitor is an occupational inhalant allergen. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2002;109:178. PMID: 11799388 20. Gómez-Ollés S, Cruz MJ, Bogdanovic J, Wouters IM, Doekes G, Sander I, Morell F, Rodrigo MJ. Assessment of soy aeroallergens levels in different work environments. Clin Exp Allergy 2007;37:1863-72. PMID: 17927797 21. Gómez-Ollés S, Cruz M, Renstrom A, Doekes G, Morell F, Rodrigo M. An amplified sandwich EIA for the measurement of soy

References BELL, H. A., E. C. FITCHES, R. E. DOWN, L. FORD, G. C. MARRIS, J. P. EDWARDS, J. A. GATEHOUSE and A. M. GATEHOUSE (2001): Effect of dietary cowpea trypsin inhibitor (CpTI) on the growth and development of the tomato moth Lacanobia oleracea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and on the success of the gregarious ectoparasitoid Eulophus pennicornis (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). Pest Manag. Sci. 57: 57-65. BOULTER, D., A. M. GATEHOUSE and V. HILDER (1989): Use of cowpea trypsin inhibitor (CpTI) to protect plants against insect predation. Biotech. Adv. 7: 489


Oxidation was related to the pathogenesis of human diseases. Adequate intake of antioxidant activity of food can reduce the levels of free radicals, prevent lipid peroxidation, and help the body against diseases. In the paper, casein from goat milk was hydrolyzed by five commercial proteases, namely, Alcalase, flavourzyme, papain, proteinase K and trypsin. The antioxidant activities of casein hydrolysates were assessed by evaluating hydrolysis degree, DPPH radical-scavenging activity, metal-chelating activity and superoxide radical scavenging activity. The results showed as follows: the DH of proteinase K, Alcalase, and trypsin were higher significantly than those of papain and flavourzyme. The Fe2+-chelation activity and superoxide radical scavenging activity of casein hydrolysates from goat milk by Alcalase was higher than the others, the DPPH scavenging activities of casein hydrolysates by Alcalase and papain was higher than the others and the DPPH scavenging activities by Alcalase and papain had no significant diffierence (p<0.05), so the optimal proteinase for hydrolysis casein from goat milk to produce antioxidant peptide was Alcalase.

:637-40. 10.1016/S0887-2333(97)00037-4 8. Ouyang AL, Zhou Y, Hua P, Tan WS. Effect of trypsin on the rat keratinocyte separation and subculture. Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao. 2002; 18:59-62. 9. Kitano Y, Okada N. Separation of the epidermal sheet by dispase. Br J Dermatol. 1983; 108:555-60. 10.1111/j.1365-2133.1983.tb01056.x 10. Stenn KS, Link R, Moellmann G, et al. Dispase, a neutral protease from Bacillus polymyxa, is a powerful fibronectinase and type IV collagenase. J Invest Dermatol. 1989; 93:287-90. 10.1111/1523-1747.ep12277593

-7519(97)00011 -8 HAWLEY, J.H., PEANASKY, A.J. (1992): Ascaris suum Are trypsin in-hibitors involved in species specificity of ascarid nematodes? Exp. Parasitol., 75:112 -118 HWANG, J.H., LEE, W.G., NA, B.K. et at (2009): Identification and characterization of a serine protease inhibitor of Paragonimus westermani. Parasitol. Res., 104: 495 - 501. DOI: 10.1007/ s00436-008-1219-6 IZVEKOVA, G.I. (2006): The nutritional adaptations of lower cestodes- fish parasites. Usp. Sovrem. Biol., 126: 630 - 642 (In Russian) IZVEKOVA, G.I. (2001): Triaenophorus nodulosus (Cestoda

- Trypsin and chymotrypsin as indicators of nutritional status of post-weaned sea bass larvae - J. Fish Biol. 70: 1798-1808. Coad B.W. 2000 - Criteria for assessing the conservation status of taxa (as applied to Iranian freshwater fishes) - Biologia 55: 537-555. Del Mar E.G., Largman C., Brodrick J.W., Geokas M.C. 1979 - A sensitive new substrate for chymotrypsin - Anal. Biochem. 99: 316-320. Delzenne N.M., Roberfroid M.R. 1994 - Physiological effects of non-digestible oligosaccharides - LWT - Food Sci. Thechnol. 27: 1-6. Dorafshan S., Kalbassi M.R., Pourkazemi M., Amiri