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Nosocomial Staphylococcal Toxic Shock. Case Report

References 1. Todd J, Fishaut M, Kapral F. Toxic-shock syndrome associated with phage-group-I Staphylococci. Lancet. 1978;2(8100):1116-8. 2. David M, Daum R. Community-Associated Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus: Epidemiology and Clinical Consequences of an Emerging Epidemic. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2010;23:616-87. 3. DeVries AS, Lesher L, Schlievert PM, et al. Staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome 2000-2006: epidemiology, clinical features, and molecular characteristics. PLoS One. 2011;6:e22997

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Staphylococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome Caused By An Intravaginal Product. A Case Report

References 1. De Rosa FG, Corcione S, Motta I, et al. Risk factors for mortality in patients with Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection. J Chemother. 2015:1973947815Y0000000076. [Epub ahead of print] 2. Klug CD, Keay CR, Ginde AA. Fatal toxic shock syndrome from an intrauterine device. Ann Emerg Med. 2009;54:701-3. 3. David M, Daum R. Community-Associated Methicillin- Resistant Staphylococcus aureus: Epidemiology and Clinical Consequences of an Emerging Epidemic. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2010

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The Management of Staphylococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome. A Case Report

R eferences 1. Silversides JA, Lappin E, Ferguson AJ. Staphylococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome: Mechanisms and Management. Curr Infect Dis Rep. 2010;12:392-400. 2. Amagai M, Yamaguchi T, Hanakawa Y, Nishifuji K, Sugai M, Stanley JR. Staphylococcal exfoliative toxin B specifically cleaves desmoglein. J Invest Dermatol. 2002;118:845-50. 3. Hanakawa Y, Stanley JR. Mechanisms of blister formation by staphylococcal toxins. J Biochem. 2004;136:747-50. 4. Ladhani S. Understanding the mechanism of action of the exfoliative toxins of Staphylococcus

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Microscopic changes in the kidneys of cows infected with Leptospira sp.

.C., Wu C.C., Lo L., Lu K.C.: Insulin resistance in patients with chronic kidney disease. J Biomed Biotechnol 2012, 1-12. 16. Lindsay J.A, Ruzin A., Ross H.F., Kurepina N., Novick R.P.: The gene for toxic shock toxin is carried by a family of mobile pathogenicity islands in Staphylococcus aureus. Molec Microbiol 1998, 29, 527-543. 17. Moore E.M., Bellomo R., Nichol A.D.: The meaning of acute kidney injury and its relevance to intensive care and anaesthesia. Anaesth intensive care 2012, 40, 929-948. 18. Nicholson D

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Improved Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction for Rapid Staphylococcus Aureus Detection in Meat and Milk Matrices

Abstract

Staphylococcal food poisoning represents one of the most frequently occurring intoxications, caused by staphylococcal enterotoxins (SE-s) and staphylococcal enterotoxin-like proteins (SEl-s). Therefore, there is a need for rapid, sensitive and specific detection method for this human pathogen and its toxin genes in food matrices. The present work is focused on Staphylococcus aureus detection by a nonaplex polymerase chain reaction, which targets the 23S rRNA gene for identification of S. aureus at the species level, genes for classical SE-s (SEA, SEC, SED), new SE-s (SEH, SEI), SEl-s (SEK, SEL) and tsst-1 gene (toxic shock syndrome toxin). Primers were properly designed to avoid undesirable interactions and to create a reliably identifiable profile of amplicons when visualized in agarose gel. According to obtained results, this approach is able to reach the detection sensitivity of 12 colony forming units from milk and meat matrices without prior culturing and DNA extraction.

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Neutropenia and T-Wave Inversion as Toxin-Mediated Complications of a Streptococcal Infection

R eferences 1. Wessels MR. Streptococcal pharyngitis. N Engl J Med. 2011;364:648-655. 2. Chuang YY, Huang YC, Lin TY. Toxic shock syndrome in children: Epidemiology, pathogenesis, and management. Paediatr Drugs. 2005;7:11-25. 3. Stevens DL. Streptococcal Toxic-Shock Syndrome: Spectrum of Disease, Pathogenesis, and New Concepts in Treatment. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(3):69-78. 4. Tilanus AMR, de Geus HRH, Rijnders BJA, Dwarkasing RS, van der Hoven B, Bakker J. Severe group A streptococcal toxic shock syndrome presenting as primary

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An unusual case of rapidly forming severe oral lesions involving bacterial infection in a dog

streptococcal toxic shock syndrome and necrotising fasciitis. Vet Rec 1997, 140: 263. 12. Miller CW, Prescott JF, Mathews KA, Betschel SD, Yager JA, Guru V, DeWinter L, Low DE: Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1996, 209: 1421-1426. 13. Prescott JF, Miller CW, Matthews KA, Yager JA, DeWinter L: Update on canine streptococcal toxic shock syndrome and necrotozing fasciitis. Can Vet J 1997, 38: 241-242. 14. Plavec T, Zdovc I, Juntes P, Svara T, Suhadolc Scholten S, Nemec A, Domanjko Petric A, Tozon N: Necrotizing fasciitis caused by

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Prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus and staphylococcal enterotoxins at different stages of production of raw milk cheeses - preliminary results

. Washington, DC, 2001, pp. 189-202. 9. Jakobsen R.A., Heggebø R., Sunde E.B., Skjeruheim M.: Staphylococcus aureus and Listeria monocytogenes in Norvegian raw milk cheese production. Food Microbiol 2011, 28 , 492-496. 10. Jarraud S., Cozon G., Vandenesch F., Bes M., Etienne J., Lina G.: Involvement of enterotoxins G and I in staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome and staphylococcal scarlet fever. J Clin Microbiol 1999, 37 , 2446-2449. 11. Jørgensen H.J., Mørk T., Høgåsen H.R., Rørvik L.M.: Enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus

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Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome in Child. A Case Report and a Review from Literature

and toxic shock syndrome after tooth extraction. J Am Acad Dermatol 2008;59:342-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2008.02.032. 14. Yasushi H., Schechter NM, Chenyan Lin, et al. Molecular mechanisms of blister formation in bullous impetigo and staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome. J Clin Invest. 2002;110:53-60. DOI: 10.1172/JCI15766. 15. Mikkelsen CS, Mikkelsen DB, Jensen TG, Vestergaard V. [Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome in adults]. Ugeskr Laeger. 2010;172:717-9. 16. Hayward A, Knott F, Petersen I, Livermore DM, Duckworth G, Islam A. Increasing

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Necrotizing Fasciitis of the Cheek: A Case Report

fasciitis along with a current review of reported cases. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2009;67:419–23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2008.07.017 15. Abass K, Saad H, Abd-Elsayed AA. Necrotizing fasciitis with toxic shock syndrome in a child: a case report and review of literature. Cases J. 2008; 1:228-32. https://doi.org/10.1186/1757-1626-1-228 16. Weiss A, Nelson P, Movahed R, et al. Necrotizing fasciitis: review of the literature and case report. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2011;69:2786–94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2010.11.043

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