Search Results

1 - 10 of 12 items :

  • "toxic plants" x
Clear All
Evaluation of knowledge of Polish medical students regarding toxic plants

Abstract

Introduction. There are approximately 300 species of poisonous plants in Poland. About 50 of them contain toxic substances which pose threat to health when consumed. Accidental poisonings remain the most common cause, but there were also cases correlated to suicidal or criminal purposes. There are only few toxicological departments in Poland keeping the records of plant poisonings, what makes presented data inaccurate. Aim. The authors decided to evaluate knowledge of Polish medical students regarding toxic plants and symptoms of its intoxication. Material and methods. The number of 734 online responses from students enrolled in medical studies at 16 different Polish universities were collected and analyzed to draw a conclusion. Results. As many as 87.6% of all respondents were in favor of introducing obligatory classes covering the issue of toxic plants. They were also asked to identify plants presented in the pictures. When it comes to 53.1% of students, they were familiar with Datura stramonium L. Over half of the participants were able to recognize the mild symptoms of intoxication, when 25.9% linked the poisoning to narcotic sleep. Taxus baccata L. was identified by 86.6% of the respondents and the majority of them possessed knowledge about the related symptoms. Heracleum sosnowskyi Manden. and Caltha palustris L. were recognized by respectively 94% and 64% of the students. As many as 84.1% of participants knew the effects of Heracleum sosnowskyi Manden intoxication. All correct answers related to this poisoning were chosen by 48.3% respondents. The results revealed that the symptoms of Caltha palustris L. are unknown to the majority. Atropa belladonna L. was successfully identified by 93.6%, Galanthus nivalis L. by 55.4% of the students, with a lower percentage of correct responses related to its intoxication. Conclusions. Such differentiated knowledge can be the result of both educational variances and personal experience. Polish medical universities should consider introducing extra classes that would cover the issue of toxic plant intoxications.

Open access
Cardiac Glycoside Plants Self-Poisoning

in a 7-year-old child. - Zeitschrift für Kardiologie, 94, 2005, № 12, 817-823. 4. Graeme , K. Toxic plant ingestions. In: Auerbach PS, ed. Wilderness Medicine, Chapter 58, 5th Ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier, 2007. 5. Hostetler, M. et S. Schreiber. Poisonous plants. In: Tintinalli JE, Kelen GD, Stapczynski JS, Ma OJ, Cline DM, eds. Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide. Chapter 205, 6th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2004. 6. LeCouteur, D. G. et A. A. Fisher. Chronic and criminal administration of

Open access
Aluminium toxicity in winter wheat

biology of plant aluminum resistance and toxicity. Plant Soil, 274. (2005) 175-195. [10] H. Liao, H. Wan, J. Shaff, X. Wang, X. Yan, L. V. Kochian, Phosphorus and aluminum interactions in soybean in relation to aluminum tolerance. Exudation of specific organic acids from different regions of the intact root system. Plant Physiology, 141. 2. (2006) 674-684. [11] A. Ligaba, H. Shen, K. Shibata, Y. Yamamoto, S. Tanakamaru, H. Matsumoto, The role of phosphorus in aluminium-induced citrate and malate exudation from rape (Brassica napus

Open access
The influence of high selenium intake of ewes on leukocytes in newborn lambs

-351. Peretz A, Neve J, Desmedt J (1991): Lymphocyte response is enhanced by supplementation of elderly subject with selenium-enriched yeast. Am J Clin Nutr 53: 1323-1328. Raisbeck MF, Schamber RA, Belden EL (1998): Immunotoxic effect of selenium in mammals. In Garland T, Barr AC (eds.): Toxic plants and other natural toxicants. CABI publishing, New York, pp. 260-266. Smith HE, Jacobs RM, Smith C (1994): Flow cytometric analysis of ovine peripheral blood lymphocytes. Can J Vet Res 58: 152-155. Stabel JR, Nonnecke BJ, Reinhardt

Open access
Ninhydrin-based spectrophotometric assays of trace cyanide

2-11. 4. Barceloux, D. G. Medical Toxicology of Natural Substances: Foods, Fungi, Medicinal Herbs, Toxic Plants, and Venomous Animals; John Wiley & Sons., Hoboken, NJ, 2008; pp 44-53. 5. Surleva, A.; Gradinaru, R.; Drochioiu G. Cyanide poisoning: from physiology to forensic analytical chemistry. Intern. J. Crim. Invest. 2012 , 2 , 79-101. 6. Ma, J.; Dasgupta, P. Recent developments in cyanide detection: A review. Anal. Chim. Acta. 2010 , 673 , 117-125 . 7. Abbasi, S.; Valinezhad, R.; Khani

Open access
Effect of supplemental Ca2+ on NaCl-stressed castor plants (Ricinus communis L.)

(Salvadoraceae). Forest Ecology and Management 202, 181-193. Rengel, Z., 1992: The role of calcium in salt toxicity. Plant Cell and Environment 15, 625-632. Schroeder, J. I., Ward, J. M., Gassmann, W., 1994: Perspectives on the physiology and structure of inward-rectifying K channels in higher plants, biophysical implications for K uptake. Annual Review of Biophysics and Biomolecular Structure 23, 441-471. Shabala, S., Shabala, L., Volkenburgh, E. V., 2003: Effect of calcium on root development and

Open access
Toxicological evaluation of the aqueous stem bark extract of Bridelia ferruginea (Euphorbiaceae) in rodents

(2003). Studies on the efficacy of Bridelia ferruginea benth extract for water purification. Niger. J. Pure Appl. Sci 18 : 1387–1394. Lorke D. (1983). A New Approach to Practical Acute Toxicity Testing. Arch. Toxicol 54 : 275–287. Magistretti MJ, Conti M, Cristoni A. (1988). Antiulcer activity of an anthocyanidin from Vaccinium myrtillus . Arzneimittleforschung; 38 : 686–690. Maïga A, Diallo D, Fane S, Sanogo R, Paulsen BS, Cisse B. (2005). A survey of toxic plants on the market in the district of Bamako, Mali. Traditional knowledge

Open access
Comparative analysis of specialized metabolites and antioxidant capacity in vitro of different natural populations of Globularia spp.

a new steroid derivative as a powerful antioxidant from Cleome arabica in screening the in vitro antioxidant capacity of 18 Algerian medicinal plants. Food and Chemical Toxicology 48, 2599–2606. Dobler, S., Petschenka, G., Pankoke, H., 2011: Coping with toxic plant compounds – The insect’s perspective on iridoid glycosides and cardenolides. Phytochemistry 72, 1593–1604. Eissa, T. A. F., Palomino, O. M., Carretero, M. E., Gómez-Serranillos, M. P., 2014: Ethnopharmacological study of medicinal plants used in the treatment of CNS disorders in Sinai

Open access
Harnessing the medicinal properties of Cussonia barteri Seem. (Araliaceae) in drug development. A review

. Brittonia 1999; 51:76. doi: http://doi.org/10.2307/2666560 29. Kerharo J, Bouquet A. Medicinal and toxic plants of Côte d’Ivoire-Upper Volta: study mission of the indigenous pharmacopoeia in AOF. Paris: Vigot. 1950; 297. doi: http://doi.org/www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:01281 30. Irvine F R. Plants of the Gold Coast. 1930; 6(23):45. 31. Nwokonkwo DC. Physicochemical and phyto-chemical studies of the constituents of the seed of Cussonia barteri (Jansa Seeds). Am J Sci Ind Res 2013; 4(4):414-419. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5251/ajsir.2014

Open access
Toxicity, mechanism and health effects of some heavy metals

resistance and toxicity. Plant and Soil 274: 175-195. Koutras GA, Schneider AS, Hattori M, Valentine WN. (1965). Studies on chromated erythrocytes. Mechanisms of chromate inhibition of glutathione reductase. Br J Haematol 11(3): 360-369. Krewski D, Yokel RA, Nieboer E, Borchelt D, Cohen J, Harry J, Rondeau V. (2007). Human health risk assessment for aluminium, aluminium oxide, and aluminium hydroxide. JJ Toxicol Environ Health B Crit Rev. 10(S1): 1-269. Lambert M, Leven BA, Green RM. (2000). New methods of cleaning up heavy

Open access