Literature Forest D., Castner H.W., 1985, The design and perception of point symbols for touristicmaps . “Cartographic Journal” Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 11–19. Gerber R., Burden P., Stanton G., 1990, Development of public information symbols for tourism and recreational mapping . “Cartographic Journal” Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 92–103. Kajoch A., 1973, Problemy szaty graficznej map turystycznych. In: K. Trafas (ed.), Problemy kartografii turystycznej. „Materiały Ogólnopolskich Konferencji Kartograficznych” T. 2, Kraków−Warszawa, pp. 67–69. Kajoch A., 1996, Jak
W A R S Z A W A 1988
Jerzy Ostrowski, Wieslaw Ostrowski
FUNCTIONS O F TOURISTMAPS OF TOWNS AS A BASIS
FOR DESIGNING THEIR CONTENT: AN EXAMPLE OF
PRAGMATIC APPROACH TO THE MAP LANGUAGE
The semiotic analysis of a map language may be of essential importance
for cartographic practice. However, this is entirely possible first of all if it
is not of general character but pertains to certain clear-cut group of cartographic
output meant for definite purposes and thus the rangé of the content
complying with those purposes. This article
-Bissig 2010 , 2012 ), which differ from each other by the amount of geoscientific and tourist information represented in the map. Generally, they target two audiences: (a) geoscience specialists for which the amount of geoscientific information overcomes (the two types of geoscientific maps); (b) the general public of non-specialists for which the tourist character prevails (both of Index and Touristicmaps). The interpretive map corresponding to the fifth category is covering the two above audiences. Geotourism maps appear recently as an excellent tool applied to geosite
Nigeria has a vast array of both natural and cultural tourist attractions. The country’s tourism industry, however, remains grossly underdeveloped, and the tourism resources are largely untapped. Hence, the tourism sector of the economy is yet to contribute significantly to the national Gross Domestic Product (GDP). One major factor that is responsible for the nation’s current lacklustre performance of the tourism sector is the poor state of tourism packaging and promotion, which, amongst other things is caused by the lack of appropriate tourist maps. Tourism mapping is a key component of tourism planning, development, promotion and management. For Nigeria to drastically and significantly improve the fortunes of her tourism sector, the production, circulation and use of accurate, current and comprehensive tourist maps and atlases must be vigorously pursued. To ensure sustainable tourism mapping and in line with global best practices, the country needs to adopt a Geoinformation technology-based, Internet-compatible multimedia cartographic approach. The author of this paper, therefore, examines the current state of tourism industry and tourism mapping in Nigeria. Some of the hiccups to tourism mapping in the country are identified. The implications of the present poor state of tourism mapping on tourism planning, development, promotion and management in the country are briefly considered. The author makes a strong case for the adoption of a multimedia cartographic approach to tourism mapping in Nigeria. A case of mapping wildlife parks in Nigeria is presented to demonstrate the prospects of effective multimedia tourism mapping of the country. Furthermore, the author identifies and discusses various existing resources in the country that could be harnessed for efficient and sustainable production, distribution and use of multimedia tourist maps/atlases, using Geographical Information Technologies (GIT). Some potential challenges to effective GIT-based tourism mapping in the country as well as how such challenges could be overcome, are equally discussed. Similarly, a model for Web-based, multimedia tourism mapping using GIT is presented. With clear vision, the right policy instrument, mandate, legislation, funding and coordination in place, the current challenges to effective and sustainable tourism mapping in Nigeria can easily be surmounted.
Do Major Sports Events Enhance Tourism Destinations?
A growing number of destinations are utilizing sport events as a strategic tool for revitalizing and re-qualifying themselves. The aim of this paper is to explore the value of sport events in enhancing the "quality" (in terms of image, tourist attractiveness, quality of life, etc.) of a tourist destination. This assessment is based on a case study analysis regarding the effects of sport initiatives adopted by a number of cities and countries in Italy, Europe and worldwide. The findings suggest that sport events can have different implications for host destinations: from fostering an economic and social urban "regeneration", to putting a city on a worldwide tourist map, or even changing the unequal participation of a country in the global economy.
focus on the territory of the Jizera Mountains which is currently shared by Czechia and Poland. The main objective of this article is thus to analyze the depiction of borders on old maps from the beginning of the 20th century in the light of Martinez’s (1994) approach to the typology of borders. As we have been working with old touristmaps, we also focus on elements of tourist infrastructure and tourist routes crossing the border. The studied region currently comprises the Czech–Polish Jizera Mountains. However, the region was inhabited mainly by German
://www.mapywig.org - Map Archive of Wojskowy Instytut Geograficzny 1919 - 1939 http://teatrnn.pl/przewodniki/strona/71 - the official webpage of “Grodzka Gate - NN Theatre” Centre, section with digital guidebooks http://www.timesofisrael.com/plans-for-shtetl-routethrough-old-jewish-europe-underway http://www.haaretz.com/jewish/news/1.568386 Kuna J., Kuna A., Majuk E., Tarajko M., 2016, Shtetl Routes. Vestiges of Jewish cultural heritage in cross-border tourism. Touristmap, 1:900,000, Lublin: “Grodzka Gate - NN Theatre” Centre.
geotouristic maps. Application in a Karst area - The Fórnia (EML, Portugal). In: C. Giusti (ed.), Géomorphosites 2009: imagerie, inventaire, mise en valeur et vulgarisation du patrimoine géomorphologique. Paris: 282-283. Sapp M., Gaido M.F. & Miró R.C., 2009. A Geodiversity Map: Geological-TouristMap Of Calamuchita's Valley, Cordoba, Argentina. Proc. 24th Int. Cartogr. Conf., Santiago de Chile. p. 5. Serrano E., Ruiz-Flaño P., 2007. Geodiversity: a theoretical and applied concept. Geographica Helvetica, 62: 140-147. Serrano E., Ruiz-Flaño P., Arroyo P., 2009. Geodiversity
, Y, Chen, J, He, W, Tong, Q & Li, W 2010, ‛Application of an uncertainty analysis approach to strategic environmental assessment for urban planning’, Environmental Science & Technology , vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 3136–3141. Lorens, P 2005, ‛Suburbanizacja w procesie rozwoju miasta postsocjalistycznego’ in Problem suburbanizacji , ed P Lorens, Urbanista, tom 7, Warszawa, pp. 33–44. Mapa turystyczna. Gmina Mstów ( Touristmap. Mstów ) 2011 , 1:25 000, Compass, Kraków. Metropolis, N 1987, ‛The beginning of the Monte Carlo method’, Los Alamos Science . Special Issue
, Gawin WILLIAMS, Crises of State in Black Africa? . . . 363
Wiktor GRYGORENKO, Computer Identification of Cartographic Picture Structure 377
Pawel KOWALSKI, General Economic Maps in School Atlases at the Beginning of the
20th Century 387
Jerzy OSTROWSKI, Wiestaw OSTROWSKI, Functions of TouristMaps of Towns as
a Basis for Designing their Content: an Example of Pragmatic Approach to the Map
Hanna LIBURA, Les cartes de préférences résidentielles (le cas de la ville de Sanok) 403
Elzbieta BIELECKA, Evaluation of the Photointerpretation Method for