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Tourist services represent a category of services in which the inseparability of production and consumption, the inability to be storable, the immateriality, and last but not least non-durability, induces in tourism management a number of peculiarities and difficulties. Under these circumstances the development of medium-term strategies involves long-term studies regarding on the one hand the developments and characteristics of the demand, and on the other hand the tourist potential analysis at regional and local level. Although in the past 20 years there has been tremendous growth of on-line booking made by household users, the tour operators agencies as well as those with sales activity continue to offer the specific services for a large number of tourists, that number, in the case of domestic tourism, increased by 1.6 times in case of the tour operators and by 4.44 times in case of the agencies with sales activity. At the same time, there have been changes in the preferences of tourists regarding their holiday destinations in Romania. Started on these considerations, paper based on a logistic model, examines the evolution of the probabilities and scores corresponding to the way the Romanian tourists spend their holidays on the types of tourism agencies, actions and tourist areas in Romania.


Subject and purpose of work: The aim of the research study is to identify objects which can potentially create the attractiveness of the region and to analyze the network of hypertext links between selected entities in the tourism industry.

Materials and methods: The ethnographic approach was used in the article, and the main research method was content analysis and the analysis of hypertext links with the use of Semrush, PetScan and Similarweb internet tools.

Results: Over a dozen objects with a large potential for attracting tourists have been identified, that is castles, palaces and sacral objects, which differed in terms of marketing impact on the tourist market.

Conclusions: Although no coherent network of hypertext links has been found, visible efforts to create such a network for some municipalities were noticed. Local government authorities do not fully use Internet tools to promote the values of their own region.

(Towards Safe Experience for Visitors), pp. 93-101. WILLIAMS K.H., 2010, An Analysis of crime statistics to tourist areas and non-tourist areas in New Orleans, Caesars Hospitality Research Summit, 10, pp. 1-9.; 1.07.2017.


Natural landscape is an important resource for mountainous regions and play crucial role in tourism development. Tourism play a key role in economic development of a country. Developing tourist areas is the key to meet the expectations of mountain inhabitants, tourists, and the general public outside of mountainous areas. In order to know tourist perception, problems, and role of landscape & horticulture plants in the field of tourism. A research study entitled “Role of facilities available and un-available in attracting of tourist in swat valley Pakistan “The data was collected from the respondents through a questionnaire survey and analyzed using percentages, frequencies and Chi-square test (where applicable). The analyzed data revealed that most of the respondent (55 %) considered natural green environment as a reason for their visit and 67 % respondents wanted to visit with their friends and were satisfied with the tourist area, respectively. Most of the respondent (39 %) observed throwing of surplus food as major waste materials which turned the beautiful green environment into unattractive environment. Most of the visitors (52 %) dislike un-cleanliness of the locality, 74% respondents felt ill effect due to deforestation.53 % tourist disagree with the current maintenance of the locality by tourism department. The most missed facilities were non availability of dustbins and children playing areas. 75 % respondents agreed with the fact that most of the people (local inhabitants as well as tourist) were unaware with regard to maintenance activities of the area 15.7 % respondent agreed that road system should be improved to access most of the greenery in the locality, respectively to aware local people and tourist regarding maintenance of the locality will improve tourism in Swat valley. The studies need to be develop for the improvement of existing as well as artificial landscape of the tourist area (Kalam and Malamjabba) of Swat valley.


The Warsaw soundscape has been examined according to the principles of acoustic ecology. The soundscape is the acoustic environment tested primarily by qualitative research. Warsaw residents were asked in a survey about their sound impressions and requirements for the Warsaw soundscape. The aim of this research was to learn both the conditions of acoustic environment and the needs of space users in accordance with the space category. The present and expected sound structures of five different categories of space were examined (residential areas, streets, city centre, tourist areas and green areas). Information on both the specific Warsaw sounds and the ideas for new sounds (which could be introduced into the city) was collected.


In recent decades, from a global scale aspect, tourism demand is becoming more differentiated. On one hand, a preserved natural environment and clean air are demanded, while, on the other hand, a growing number of tourists want to travel and see cultural and historical heritage of the area in which they are spending their holiday. In order to compete in the world tourist market, an area must possess various and extensive resources. Therefore, new destinations that, above all, have a rich original tourist offer are required. Since Western Serbia has significant natural and anthropogenic resources, this paper explores its original tourist potential. In this sense, with the use of modern methodologies for evaluating the still untapped potential tourist area, this paper presents an approach to valorisation, both natural and anthropogenic resources of Western Serbia. The research aims, through this evaluation, to show how, in what way these resources can be placed in the function of tourism exploitation and greater involvement of Western Serbia in contemporary touristic trends.

The Rise of Smaller Cities and Its Meaning in International Tourism to Japan

The number of foreign tourists visiting Japan has steadily increased in the recent decades. The country has much variety between districts in spite of its small area, and there is a close relation between the variety of tourist resources and preferences of foreign visitors according to their nationalities. For example, prefectures located in the Hokuriku and Hida district, which do not have large cities, have shown a rapid increase in foreign visitors in the recent years and become one of the major international tourist areas in Japan. The district is mainly supported by visitors from Taiwan and Europe seeking tradition of Japan in smaller cities and the beauty of nature. It is true that 75% of foreign tourists visiting Japan come from Asia and many of them prefer shopping in large cities. But it is also important to enhance historic and cultural value of tourist resources to heighten the attraction of Japan: variety between districts.


The ultimate goal of the Health sector is to maximize the population’s health, reforming health services must be part of broader package that recognize the impact of the wider social, physical and economic environment on Health status and vice versa. Public Policy in health is successful if it is leads from one side to the main health challenges facing today including income distribution, employment education, transportation and agriculture and from the other side the ability to asses health care needs and to identify, develop and implement appropriate services in response to them.

As we mention above the characteristics of health system are the results of a mix of economical, social, political and historical factors outside and the system itself .One important factor that have a great impact on health care reform is the involvement of the state in overall policy that includes levels of decentralization of a public health infrastructure as well as the presence of a public health input at decision making level. Sanitation presents even more problems than drinking water. Sanitation coverage in urban areas is almost the same as drinking water coverage. Urban areas have mostly combined sewage and storm water collection networks that discharge into near bay surface water-bodies.

About 40% of the urban population has a sewer connection. In rural areas, only a small portion of the areas with piped water supply is equipped with sever networks. Most rural areas have individual household wastewater collection systems, principally simple pit-latrines with no drainage pipes. Upgrading of sewer networks hasn’t kept pace with the general development of infrastructure, and the materials and technology used haven’t been improved. Presently, there’s no treatment of wastewater in Albania; its discharge in water bodies, especially in coastal tourist areas and delicate ecosystems, is a major environmental concern for the government/business/community/wide public.

References Dębski M., (2012) ‘Brands of tourist areas as an instrument for stimulating development of tourism in Poland’, Marketing i Rynek, , no. 5, pp. 28-35 ‘European Tourism 2013 - Trends and Prospects’ (2013), Quarterly Report European Travel Commision, Brussels, Q1; Fetscherin M. (2010), ‘The determinants and measurement of a country brand: The country brand strength index’, International Marketing Review, vol. 27, iss. 4; Hamzaoui-Essoussi L., Merinka D., Bartikowski B., (2011) ‘Brand origin and country of manufacture influences on brand equity and the

References Acosta, A. J., Fernández, N., Mollón, M. (2002). Recursos humanos en empresas de turismo y hostelería, España, Editorial Prentice Hall. Ascanio Guevara, A. (2012). Teoría del turismo, México, Editorial Trillas. Ayuntamiento de Mazatlán (2011). Plan municipal de desarrollo 2011-2013. Recuperado de Becker, G. (1983). El Capital Humano, España, Editorial Alianza, Butler, R.W. (1980). «The Concept of a Tourist Area Cycle of Evolution: Implications for Management of Resources», en Canadian Geographer, Western Ontario University, XXXIV