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Severe Scoliosis, Torticollis and Short Stature in a Woman with Wildervanck Syndrome (WS)/ Изразена Сколиоза, Тортиколис И Низок Раст Кај Жена Со Wildervanck Syndrome (Синдром На Вилдерванк)


Wildervanck syndrome (WS) combines features of Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS), sixth nerve palsy, and deafness. This is a case of a 23 year old woman, diagnosed with KFS (a triad of short neck, low posterior hairline and restricted neck movements) at the age of 20 days. The manifestations of the WS in this patient are severe: she has torticollis, and an extremely severe scoliosis. In addition, she is short (-3 SD; parental target height + 0.8SD) and has mixed sensorineural and conductive deafness. She also has ptosis, strabismus and a high myopia. Radiologically, there are multiple coalitions of cervical vertebrae. Intelligence is unaffected (IQ 95), but deafness, strabismus and high myopia forced her early out of school. Karyotype is 46, XX. In brief, this is a patient with severe WS and additional anomalies. Short and/or reduced parental target height is a part of WS.

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Histopathological, immunohistochemical, and parasitological studies on pathogenesis of Coenurus cerebralis in sheep

clinical symptoms, including ataxia, incoordination, paresis, torticollis, teeth grinding, blindness, coma, cerebral atrophy, and deformation and thinning of the cranial bones may also be observed ( 3 , 11 , 14 ). Clinical symptoms may be suggestive of the disease, yet definitive diagnosis is made on the basis of the detection of parasite cysts in the cerebrum ( 20 ). While 80%–90% of the cysts are localised in the cerebral hemispheres, 5%–10% are located in the cerebellum ( 19 ). This study was aimed at demonstrating the morphology and histopathology of coenurosis and

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