The paper presents results of the inventory of localities of Scandix pecten-veneris L. in the Małopolska Upland conducted after 2000. The existing population resources were estimated and current distribution of the species in the Małopolska Upland and Poland was showed. Some threats to this species as well as conservation prospects were discussed.
The problem of water scarcity is unfavourable for the economy, with the most significant water deficits felt by agriculture. In Poland water deficits in agriculture are occurring more frequently, causing losses in yield, not only in the Lowland areas but also in the Uplands. This paper presents an assessment of the water deficits at various excedance probability levels for four varieties of field crop and for soil types with various water retention capacity, which occur in the Małopolska Upland. Calculations were performed by balancing the amount of available soil water in the root zone. The study was based on the meteorological data from the Institute of Meteorology and Water Management for the years 1971–2010. Daily precipitation data from six rainfall stations: Borusowa, Igołomia, Książ Wielki, Miechów, Olewin and Sielec was utilised as well as average decadal air temperature, water vapour pressure, wind speed and sunshine hours from the meteorological station at Kraków–Balice. The water deficits at an excedance probability level of 20% fluctuated during the growing season from 5 mm (Phaeozems) to 190 mm (Leptosols). In the Małopolska Upland in soils with a medium capacity to retain water (110–160 mm), water deficits have occurred even in years of average rainfall (with probability 50%). This study confirms the considerable impact of the high variability of the soil and pluvial conditions in the region on the water deficits of the field crops.
The paper presents the distribution of Orobanche species (parasitic herbs known as broomrapes) in the Małopolska Upland (Wyoyna Małopolska) in southern Poland. During floristic research conducted there in 1999-2011, 12 species of this genus were recorded: O. alba, O.alsatica, O .arenaria, O.bartlingii, O .caryophyllacea, O. coerulescens, O. elatior s.str., O. kochii, O. lutea, O. pallidiflora, O. picridis and O.ramosa. Eight species were not previously known from this area. Information on the hosts, abundance, and habitat preferences at the localities is given, and an updated map of the distribution in the Małopolska Upland is included. The taxonomic position of O. elatior s.str. and O.k ochii, diagnostic features to differentiate between them, and a revised map of distribution of both species in Poland are also presented.
Griseb. (Orobanchaceae) w Ojcowskim Parku Narodowym. Materiały konferencyjne, Ogólnopolska Konferencja Naukowa “Zróżnicowanie muraw kserotermicznych w Polsce” 2-4.06.2011, pp. 75-76. Lublin. Piwowarczyk R. 2012a (in print). Orobanche alsatica Kirschl. - zaraza alzacka. In: R. Kaźmierczakowa & K. Zarzycki (eds.). Polska Czerwona Księga Roślin. Paprotniki i rośliny kwiatowe, wyd. 3. PAN, instytut Botaniki im. W. Szafera, Instytut Ochrony Przyrody, Kraków. Piwowarczyk R. 2012b. The genus Orobanche L. (Oro- banchaceae) in theMałopolskaUpland (S Poland): distribution
genus Orobanche L. (Orobanchaceae) in theMałopolskaUpland (S Poland): distribution, habitat, host preferences, and taxonomic problems. Biodiv. Res. Conserv. 26: 3-22. Piwowarczyk R., Chmielewski P. & Cwener A. 2011. The distribution and habitat requirements of the genus Orobanche L. (Orobanchaceae) in SE Poland. Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 80(1): 37-48. Piwowarczyk R., Chmielewski P., Gierczyk B., Piwowarski B. & Stachyra P. 2010. Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. & Grab. in Poland: distribution, habitat and host preferences. Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 79(3): 197205. Plaza L
Comm. bei Gräfe und Unzer, 1885. Piwowarczyk R. 2012a. The genus Orobanche L. (Oroban- chaceae) in theMałopolskaUpland (S Poland): distribution, habitat, host preferences and taxonomic problems. Biodiv. Res. Conserv. 26: 3-22. Piwowarczyk R. 2012b. (in print). Orobanche coerulescens Stephan in Willd. - Zaraza błękitnawa. In: R. Kaźmier- czakowa & K. Zarzycki (eds.). Polska Czerwona Księga Roślin. Paprotniki i rośliny kwiatowe, wyd. 3. PAN, Instytut Botaniki im. W. Szafera, Instytut Ochrony Przyrody, Kraków. Piwowarczyk R. & Przemyski A. 2009. New locality of
Episema glaucina (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) has been recorded for the first time in Poland following the faunistic revision of material collected by A.S. Kostrowicki in the Nida Valley in the early 1950s, and on the basis of specimens trapped during fieldwork in the same region of the Małopolska Upland in southern Poland.
Faunistic review of Polish Micropeplinae (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae)
The distributions of the Micropeplinae (Staphylinidae) within the present-day territory of Poland are summarized on the basis of surveys of the literature and collections. An updated and annotated checklist of Polish micropeplines is given, comprising two genera and seven species. Micropeplus staphylinoides (Marsham) has been removed from the list; the occurrence of M. caelatus Erichson and M. longipennis Kraatz, reported by previous authors, needs to be confirmed with new findings. Micropeplus latus Hampe is reported for the first time from Poland, based on a specimen collected in the Małopolska Upland, close to the Świętokrzyskie Mts. An updated identification key for Polish Micropeplus spp. is presented and habitus photographs of M. latus are provided.
Twenty Corded Ware graves containing twenty five interments were identified at sites 11, 15 and 20 at Święte, Radymno Commune, Jarosław District. In most of the graves (16), there was only one interment, although there were also three graves with two internments and one grave with three interments. The age and sex structure of buried individuals shows the roughly equal number of females, males, and children at the age of Infans I and II, with the category Maturus (individuals aged 40 to 50) having the highest mortality rate. So far, Rzeszów Foothills and the Lower San River Valley yielded 40 Corded Ware graves containing 51 interments in total. Single burials were predominant. Alike at Święte sites, the highest proportion of burials is recorded for individuals at the age of Maturus irrespective of sex; overall, for the entire region, male graves, however, outnumber female graves. In most cases skeletons are poorly preserved, but scarce anthropometric data are the indication of dolichomorphic crania in both males and females, which phenomenon is already noted for the Małopolska Upland and present Ukraine. The intravital body height for adults varies from 161.3 to 175 cm for males and from 156.7 to 163.1 cm for females.
MałopolskaUpland]. – Monographiae Botanicae 66: 1–136 [in Polish with English summary]. Ochyra R. (1987a): A revision of the moss genus Sciaromium (Mitt.) Mitt. I. General remarks and the section Aloma Dusén. – Journal of Bryology 14: 453–464. Ochyra R. (1987b): A revision of the moss genus Sciaromium (Mitt.) Mitt. II. The section Limbidium Dusén, with a description of Vittia gen. nov. (Vittiaceae fam. nov.). – Journal of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory 62: 387–415. Ochyra R. (1987c): A revision of the moss genus Sciaromium (Mitt.) Mitt. III. The section