Berlin, B. 2006. Evidence for pervasive synesthetic sound symbolism in ethnozoological nomenclature. In Hinton, L., J. Nichols and J. Ohala (eds.), Sound Symbolism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 76-93.
de Saussure, F. 1966. Course in general linguistics. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Donegan, P. 1985. On the Natural Phonology of Vowels. New York: Garland Publishing.
Diffloth, G. 2006. i: big, a: small. In Hinton, L., J. Nichols and J
MWDA – Merriam Webster’s dictionary of allusions.
OJLS – Obyczaje, języki, ludy świata.
TDAI – NTC’s thematic dictionary of American idioms
TTEM – Thesaurus of traditional English metaphors.
Alexander, M. (2006). A companion to the folklore, myths & customs of Britain. Phoenix Mill: Sutton Publishing Limited.
Ammer, C. American heritage dictionary of idioms . (1997). Boston, MA.: Houghton Mifflin. (AHDI)
Biedermann, H. (1996). The Wordsworth dictionary of symbolism . Ware: Wordsworth Editions Ltd.
significantly alter the pathways of HEs. I will build on this idea in the next section of the article.
Western concepts in the Eastern context: introducing selected concepts and approaches
In this section of the paper, I will focus on some of the Western concepts that I find it useful to mention here separately. The concepts that will be briefly discussed (in relation to HEs) include:
representation, symbolism and meanings, discourse, and identity;
everydayness, everyday life practices/activities/routines, embodiment and emotions
Pedro Calaza-Martínez, Nuria Freire-González and Camilo Blanco-Pampín
Cultural landscapes are multi-layered entities that constantly endure changes and transformations, especially in Europe due to its ancient history and anthropized nature, which reveals itself not only in physical elements, but also through immaterial heritage. This paper aims to analyse the connection between sacred landscapes, small religious architecture and folklore, focusing on the origin and transformations of several places in Galicia (northwest of Spain). Galicia is defined by its rich flora and fauna, a management of its land based on smallholding and the social idiosyncrasy of its people, defined by strong symbolism and the religious tradition that is reflected in a great amount of small sacred architecture. All this provide a paradigmatic territory for this research, allowing an approach to the case studies from the point of view of landscape architecture, assessing the small sacred architecture elements, their background, symbolism and associated vegetation. It is worth mentioning that, although vegetation had a very strong meaning and symbolism in the sacred history of Galicia, nowadays it only appears in 26% of the analysed case studies.
In the plastic art and not only, colors have significant functions with regard to the perception or even to the symbolism of temperament. In many cultures on various geographical coordinates, the reception and the interpretation of colors is taken into consideration only when they are dynamically distinguished. Various types of expression that make us access various levels of perception, of rhetoric, of candidness, of sensation etc. Looking retrospectively on this empathic theory, generations of estheticians struggled with a large amount of pseudo-problems. This plea over expression (be it facial or gestural) in the context of plastic art or of theatrical art has a particular significance and, of course, it steadies both the receptor and the artist. We see nevertheless that, in the day-to-day life, the expression has a primary, unequivocal sense, and above all one takes into consideration the way in which a plastic artist and an actor treat and interpret reality. Let us not forget that the main attributes of communication are the expressive features. The expressive quality presents a real platform that rises the interest of a plastic artist or actor, because it allows him to grasp and to understand his own experience, which does nothing but contribute to the formal configurative that he will draw up.
In the article the methodological and applied criteria of symbolist publicism as an independent form of analytical journalism are defined. The subject of the research is the argumentative basis and semantic resources of public statements of philosophers and writers, i.e. the representatives of Russian symbolism. The relevance of the topic is due to the crisis of modern publicism, which becomes similar to a product and leads to mental and moral enslavement. The general purpose of the study is the legitimization of the term «symbolist publicism». Genre-stylistic peculiarities of symbolist text-making, as well the outlook landmarks of symbolic representatives of the Silver Age, were studied by E. Kassierer, M. Voskresenskaya, A. Mazurchuk, O. Matyushkin, O. Ponomarev, L. Kravets, and others.
List of abbreviations
DES – Dictionary of English sound
DLP – Dictionary of linguistics and phonetics
DS – Dictionary of symbols
EPDS – Euphonics: a poet's dictionary of sounds
ISSP – Introduction: sound-symbolic processes. Sound symbolism.
MWOD – Merriam-Webster online dictionary
Abelin, Å. (1999). Studies in sound symbolism. Doctoral dissertation. Göteborg University.
Agrawal, P.K. (2009). Theory of phonosemantics . Available at: http://soundmeanings.com/pdf/English%20-4.pdf
Annie Lisle (song) . Available at
Magdalena Barile is a young, but already appreciated and well known playwright, some of her work being translated and performed outside Italy. Her play Lait was played in Italy and then translated and played in England. The symbolism of light, heralded since the title, marks the whole text which can be interpreted as a metaphor of talent, of the creative energy we all possess in various degrees and shapes. Sometimes it is so pronounced it is hard to disguise, some other times it is so flimsy, it is almost unrecognisable. The purpose it is put to and the way it is used make the real difference.
The aim of this paper is to present the form of celebration of the 100th anniversary of the Czechoslovak Republic. The physical culture association Sokol played an important role in the foundation of the republic and became part of the Slovak civil associations scene in 1918. The XVIth All-Sokol Ralley (Všesokolský zlet) in 2018 was one of the official events dedicated to the celebration of Czechoslovakia’s anniversary. For this occasion, the Slovak-Czech piece of motion music „Spolu” (“Together”) was composed. Based on participatory observation of the rehearsals in the role of a trainee, as well as interviews with the author of the music and observations at the All-Sokol Ralley, I have explored the symbolism of the celebration and reflected on the participation of Slovak women in this event.