Annemarie Burandt, Friederike Lang, Regina Schrader and Anja Thiem
development?]. In: Hammer T. (ed.), Grosschutzgebiete - Instrumente nachhaltiger Entwicklung [Large-scale protected areas - instruments for sustainable development]. Munchen: oekom Verlag, pp. 185-196.
Coleman, J. S ., 1990. Foundations of social theory, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Conrad, S., 2007. Nachhaltige Regionalentwicklung durch erneuerbare Energien? [Sustainableregionaldevelopment due to renewable energy?]. In: Kratz S. (eds.), Energie der Zukunft. Bausteine einer nachhaltigen Energieversorgung [Energy of the future
We are facing a transnational future. Globalization is getting more and more important in economic development, processes are becoming global, and the allocation of goods, capital and resources is carried out on the global market. In such transnational system, the role of large business centers of resource concentration is getting more significant and the ability of nations to balance the allocation of resources is getting poorer. Consequently, the micro-regions, counties and settlements need to face direct global challenges and the self-generated competition as well. Micro-regions, which are not able to adapt to the global resource market and competition, fall out of this allocation space and surely lag behind. Their future greatly depends on how they can represent their interests and how they can improve their positions.
Constanta Popescu, Ana-Lucia Ristea and Constantin Popescu
The regional development policy appears as a coherent set of planned measures - enlisted in the National Development Programme and in the National Regional Development Plans - and promoted by the authorities of the central end local administration, based on the principle of partnership with various actors (private, public or volunteers), in order to assure a dynamic and sustainable economic and social growth, by an efficient valorification of the regional and local potential.
The definition of the regional development policy in Romania needs to answer two pressures, namely: one of general order, which imposes the acceptance of the EU rules and objectives and the coordination of the regional development policy with the way the regional development policy is understood and applied at the level of the community countries; the second, of particular order, springs from the situation Romania experiences, namely its still insufficient preparation to face the extremely competitive environment of the “unique market” within the EU.
To implement a regional development policy compatible and comparable to the EU policy in this domain, according to the “Green Charter of Regional Development in Romania”, elaborated by the Government of Romania and the European Commission, even since the year 1997, eight development regions have been defined (which must not be viewed as administrative-territorial units, as they do not have juridical personality, so that they must not be mistakenly taken for the counties).
The clusters are the subject of actions and of whole series of documents issued by national and international organizations, and, based on experience, many authorities promote the idea that because of the clusters, competitiveness increases, the workforce specializes, regional businesses and economies grow. The present paper is meant to be an insight into the initiatives of forming clusters in Romania. Starting from a comprehensive analysis of the development potential offered by each region of economic development, we present the main types of clusters grouped according to fields of activity and their overall objectives
Protected areas and regional development: conflicts and opportunities - presented on the example of the UNESCO biosphere reserve Bliesgau
All over the world, UNESCO biosphere reserves are designated in order to protect regionally distinctive landscapes. This designation represents a significant up-valuation of nature reserves and landscape conservation areas, forests and other mostly rural landscapes. In cases where biosphere reserves include urban areas, additional objectives are established such as the development of urban-rural-relationships. The Biosphere Reserve Bliesgau which is a sustainable model region responds to this challenge. Located in a rural part of Saarland, the biosphere Bliesgau is still facing further challenges which are connected to the designation as a UNESCO biosphere reserve. This designation entails many obligations that are conditions and restrictions for the actors on the one hand and that provide opportunities for key personalities to make progress in achieving their aims concerning nature conservation on the other. Hence, not only prospects but potential for conflict emerged which complicates regional development in rural Saarland. A primary survey in the biosphere reserve allowed for the identification of the presented conflicts.
Daniel Klimovský, Zuzana Lacková, Veronika Černáková, Zuzana Maliková, Tomáš Šoltés and Tomáš Želinský
Fundamental changes that occurred in Central and Eastern Europe (including Slovakia) in recent two decades have caused that regional policy as well as regional development has become one of the hottest national policy issues. If one connects this issue with the existence of regional disparities, there is no surprise that also the EU considers this topic an extra important one. Various scholars point out that innovation policy is the right path how to achieve sustainable regional development and how to improve competitiveness of less developed regions. This article is aimed particularly at the innovation policies of the Slovak self-government regions and their outcomes.
Clusters represent one of the defining elements of the Europe 2020 Strategy of the EU in terms of sustainable regional development due to the organizational structure, to the sphere of representativity and, not least, due to the economic policies adopted in this respect at the European level. The present paper presents the manner in which one can design a cluster-type collaborative model, specific for defence, using methods specific to modeling. The basis for the achievement of this conceptual model is the model of the cluster life cycle, a model analog to the life cycle of the product.
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 Mănescu, G., & Kifor, C „The Clusters - Collaborative Model of SustainableRegionalDevelopment”. ACTA Universitatis Cibiniensis, Technical Series, Vol. LXV/2014, ISSN (Online) 1583-7149, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/aucts-2015-0010.
 Mănescu, G., Cercetări privind
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DARWICH, R. (2014), Territorial marketing practices as a lens for analyzing changes in governance, local development and territorial building. The case
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