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Assessment of sustainable production practices. The case of company from metal industry

REFEENCES Adamczyk, W. (2012). Współczesne problemy zrównoważonej produkcji i zrównoważonej konsumpcji. Zarządzanie i Finanse, 3. Alay, C., Säfsten, K. (2017). Johansson G.: Conceptual sustainable production principles in practice: Do they reflect what companies do? Journal of Cleaner Production, 141, pp. 693-701. Bluszcz, A. (2017). Ecological Growth Boundaries. Management Systems in Production Engineering, 25(1), pp. 55-59. Brzozowski, T. (2014). Orientacja na procesy w modelu zrównoważonej produkcji. Prace Naukowe Uniwersytetu

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Analysis of Sustainable Production Practices Implemented by Car Manufacturers

References Alay, C., Säfsten, K. and Johansson, G. (2017). Conceptual sustainable production principles in practice: Do they reflect what companies do?, Journal of Cleaner Production 141 pp. 693-701. Bluszcz, A. (2017). Ecological Growth Boundaries. Management Systems In Production Engineering, Volume: 25, Issue: 1, pp. 55-59. Hąbek, P. and Brodny, J. (2017). Corporate Social Responsibility Report - An Important Tool to Communicate with Stakeholders. In 4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference

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Sustainable Production And Consumption

Abstract

The idea that builds on the recognition that the Earth is a finite world, the resources are not endless, and thus the vision of continuous growth cannot be sustained can be traced back to the 1960s. Global problems had already occurred by then, and trends calculated from the data indicated a rapid disaster for the future. Humanity is at crossroads, and even the directions are still unclear. In the mid-1980s, an increasingly ecological approach appeared in politics, development policy, and international institutions.

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Sustainable Improvements for Customized Platform Effectiveness in Garment Production

Abstract

This study uses sustainable development theory to analyze China’s garment industry, which has been under pressure of high energy consumption, excess capacity and environmental pollution. The purpose of this work is to explore customized platform effectiveness on fashion design and production by the integration of clothing ceo-design (CED) and clothing life cycle evaluation. By cooperation and data analyses, garment companies come into being, which provides information for the study on customized platform effectiveness. Meanwhile, this paper begins with addressing the potential problems for fashion design, production and inventory management, making a distinction between garment virtual design (GVD)and personalized garment customization (PGC) and suggesting a useful computer-aided approach for fashion design and production process. The data and information were gathered from garment companies in China. This work presents the findings from case study research into sustainable improvements for fashion design and production in the garment industry; in this way, the level of customized platform may be compared and analyzed, which is a significant growth point of sustainable improvements for this research and practice domain.

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Sustainable Electronic Product Development in the Baltic Sea Region: A Regional Gap Analysis of Lab Testing Services

Abstract

Baltic Sea Region represents one of the most innovative areas within Europe with dominating SME sector. In order to keep the region and their product developments competitive it is necessary to safeguard access to high-tech labs including test services. This can be realized only through regional networks of universities – business cooperation. The European Union started the project “Test-4-SME” in 2017 to investigate and promote laboratory networks for testing and assessment of electronic products developed by SMEs from BSR. In a BSR wide online survey, the project consortium identified existing gaps in the regional supply of open laboratories together with shortcomings in services, expertise or test equipment, which is needed by SMEs for electronic product or devices testing. The authors take place in the “Test-4-SME” project, conducted the survey and analysed the regional demand together with the availability of labs for SME sector in the BSR. The study focusses on the research question in which BSR regions there exist already university-business networks of open labs for SME and to which extent the offered services meet the regional demand. Therefore, an approach of a gap analysis is used, which is based on primary data gathered in a BSR wide survey together with expert interviews. The results of the study are discussed in the context of the existing literature and recommendations for future improvements are highlighted.

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Farmers’ Markets as a Business Model Encouraging Sustainable Production and Consumption

Abstract

The current study discusses the role and the importance of alternative food networks, farmers’ markets in particular, for sustainable rural development through the example of Bulgaria. Farmers’ markets are considered as a sustainable business model of networking which encourages production and consumption of local food of healthy origin adhering to high standards for quality and safety, building society and trust and encouraging development of rural regions. The case of Bulgaria is scrutinized in the context of the support for local food and short supply chains anticipated under the national rural development programme for the period 2014–2020 and the current state-of-art and capacities of available farmers’ markets. Some good practices are analyzed and presented establishing a new type of relationships between producers and consumers of farm products proving that farmers’ markets could be efficient incubators of local businesses and new relationships with end-users. Conclusions are made on nature, objectives and functioning of farmers’ markets, challenges and problems in their promotion, support and encouragement.

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Comparison the Efficient Reclamation of Different Inorganic Materials with Organic Amendments to Rice-Wheat Crop Sustainable Production in Salt-Affected Soils

Abstract

Amelioration of salt-affected soils requires an integrated management approach, which not only improves their effectiveness for improving soil properties, but also increases the crop production and quality of the produce. Hence, a study was planned to evaluate combined use of organic and inorganic amendments for better rehabilitation of salt affected soil in ricewheat cropping sequence from 2013 to 2016. Treatments included T1 - control, T2 - gypsum @ 100 SGR, T3 - CaCl2 @ 50% SGR, T4 - CaCl2 @ 50% SGR + biogas slurry @ 10 tˑha-1, T5 - H2SO4 @ 25% GR, T6 - H2SO4 @ 25% SGR + biogas slurry @10 tˑha-1. A saline sodic field was selected, prepared and leveled. Composite soil samples were collected and analyzed for pHs = 9.15, ECe (dS m-1) = 4.86, SAR (mmol L-1)1/2 = 42.52 and GR (tˑha-1) = 8.64. Experiment was laid out in RCBD with three replications. The inorganic amendments (gypsum and CaCl2) were applied 30 days before rice transplanting in the respective treatment plots, followed by leaching while biogas slurry was applied 15 days before transplanting and H2SO4 was applied with first irrigation. Recommended dose of fertilizer 120-110-70 NPK kg ha-1 for wheat (Inqlab-91) and 110-90-60 NPK kg ha-1 for rice (Shaheen Basmati) was applied. Soil samples were collected before application of amendment and after harvesting of each crop. Straw and grain/paddy yield data were recorded at maturity. Pooled data showed that grain/paddy and straw yield of wheat and rice crop was higher in T2 (gypsum @ 100% SGR), but statistically (P≤ 0.05) non significant with T4 (CaCl2 @ 50% SGR + biogas slurry @ 10 tˑha-1). T3 (CaCl2 @ 50 % SGR) was at par with T6 (H2SO4 @ 25% SGR + biogas slurry @ 10 tˑha-1), followed by T5 (H2SO4 @ 25% SGR). The minimum yield was recorded in T1 (control). Soil analysis showed that pHs, ECe and SAR were significantly decreased in T2, (Gypsum @ 100% SGR), followed by T4 (CaCl2 @ 50% SGR + biogas slurry @ 10 tˑha-1). Hence, CaCl2 @ 50% SGR + biogas slurry @ 10 tˑha-1 may be an effective alternative reclamation strategy for areas that are restricted use because of salinity.

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Biorefineries – New Green Strategy For Development Of Smart And Innovative Industry

Abstract

Ecological engineering or ecotechnology is defined as the design of sustainable production that integrate human society with the natural environment for the benefit of both. In order to reach the goal of sustainability therefore important that bioproduct production systems are converted from to natural cycle oriented. In natural cycles there are not waste, but products are generated at different stages of the cycle. The ecotechnology creates a sustainable bioeconomy using biomass in a smart and efficient way. The biorefining sector, which uses smart, innovative and efficient technologies to convert biomass feedstocks into a range of bio-based products including fuels, chemicals, power, food, and renewable oils, currently presents the innovative and efficient bio-based production can revitalize existing industries. The paper presents the concept of biorefinery as the ecotechnological approach for creating a sustainable bioeconomy using biomass in a smart and efficient way.

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Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi – Their Life and Function in Ecosystem

Abstract

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi living in the soil closely collaborate with plants in their root zone and play very important role in their evolution. Their symbiosis stimulates plant growth and resistance to different environmental stresses. Plant root system, extended by mycelium of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, has better capability to reach the water and dissolved nutrients from a much larger volume of soil. This could solve the problem of imminent depletion of phosphate stock, affect plant fertilisation, and contribute to sustainable production of foods, feeds, biofuel, and raw materials. Expanded plant root systems reduce erosion of soil, improve soil quality, and extend the diversity of soil microflora. On the other hand, symbiosis with plants affects species diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and increased plant diversity supports diversity of fungi. This review summarizes the importance of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in relation to beneficial potential of their symbiosis with plants, and their function in the ecosystem.

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Environmental Sustainable Waste Management for a City Multi-Floor Manufacturing Cluster

Abstract

A multi-floor manufacturing in residential districts of huge city promotes decongestion of urban traffic and satisfy the population’s demand for essential goods. City manufacturing and its supply chain entail several challenges related to the sustainable development of a large agglomeration. Environmental problems impose significant constraints on such manufacturing activities and production waste in the urban environment poses a real problem that needs to be addressed by special research. This paper discusses integrated sustainable production waste management for a city multi-floor manufacturing cluster, consisting of a group of production buildings and a supporting logistics node. In line with the theory of integrated sustainable waste management, three key components are addressed: waste management stakeholders, components of the waste management system, and the technical, environmental and legal aspects of a city multi-floor manufacturing cluster. The goal of the paper is to develop a concept for a model of environmental sustainable waste management in a city multi-floor manufacturing cluster, aimed at ensuring the system safety: human - technical facility - environment. This model can serve as a basis for the development of appropriate logistics chains for production waste management considering their hazardousness indicator. The versatility of the model will allow it to be widely used, and when its stages and working principles are embedded in the practice of city multi-floor manufacturing, proper control over the waste management process can be achieved. The application of the proposed model of integrated sustainable production waste management in the practice of the city multi-floor manufacturing clusters will contribute to the environmental sustainability of its operation.

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