concrete under cyclic loading. Magazine of Concrete Research, 64, 8, 2012, 673-685. 5. Mamazhanov, RK and Kildeeva, OI. Prognozirovaniye polzuchesti betona proletnykh stroeniy mostov pri narastayushchikh nagruzheniyakh [Concrete creep predicting of bridge superstructures at increasing loadings]. International Proceedings of TIIRT, issue 226/62, pp. 33-38. 6. Mamazhanov, RK 1993. Veroyatnostnoye prognozirovaniye resursa zhelezobetonnykh proletnykh stroeniy mostov [Probabilistic predicting of the service life of reinforced concrete bridge superstructures]. Tashkent, Fan
-32-01 Železničný zvršok a SO 24-32-02 Železničný spodok. Stavebná časť: Pevná jazdná dráha. RHEDA 2000®. Združenie „Nové Mesto - Zlatovce 2009“.  IŽVOLT, L. - ŠESTÁKOVÁ, J. - VILÍMEK, P.: The First Construction of Unconventional Type of Railway Superstructure in the ŽSR Infrastructure. Proceeding of 6th International Conference „Concrete and Concrete Structures 2013, Hotel Boboty, Terchová - Vrátna dolina, 23. - 25.October 2013, str. 166 - 175, Procedia Engineering 65 (2013), Elsevier, 1877-7058.
The norms and standards for design of timber bridges, as well as other structures built from this material, were obsolete, design standards that were used dated from 1978 to 1980. The introduction of European Standards has created a new legislative framework in the field of designing and building timber bridges. Currently the design of such constructions use Norm NP 005-2003 and SR EN 1995-1-1: 2004 Eurocode 5: Design of timber structures. Part 1-1: General. Common rules and rules for buildings, SR EN 1995-2: 2005 Eurocode 5: Design of timber structures. Part 2: Bridges, along with their national annexes. The aim of this paper is to analyze the design of the beams for timber bridges in parallel, using on one hand Norm NP 005 - 2003, and on the other hand provisions of European standards. The design requirements for both norms as well as the results of a case study for a structural element of a timber bridge will be presented.
Numerical analysis of the tensioning cables anchorage zone of a bridge superstructure is presented in this paper. It aims to identify why severe concrete cracking occurs during the tensioning process in the vicinity of anchor heads. In order to simulate the tensioning, among others, a so-called local numerical model of a section of the bridge superstructure was created in the Abaqus Finite Element Method (FEM) environment. The model contains all the important elements of the analyzed section of the concrete bridge superstructure, namely concrete, reinforcement and the anchoring system. FEM analyses are performed with the inclusion of both material and geometric nonlinearities. Concrete Damage Plasticity (CDP) constitutive relation from Abaqus is used to describe nonlinear concrete behaviour, which enables analysis of concrete damage and crack propagation. These numerical FEM results are then compared with actual crack patterns, which have been spotted and inventoried at the bridge construction site.
For new railway bridges with small spans (L ≤ 35.00 m) superstructures with steel beams embedded in concrete are recommended and used, which can ensure the requirements of strength and especially stiffness, regardless of velocity.
In all the design prescriptions used so far for superstructures with steel beams embedded in concrete, and even in the technical literature, there is little information and data on the influence of the support line obliquity and the track axis curvature in the design and calculation of these types of structures.
In the design code, if certain conditions related to the geometry of the superstructure are met (obliquity, curvature) the calculation is a simplified one, made on a single isolated longitudinal beam of the deck; otherwise, if the conditions are not met, finite element program analysis is recommended.
The article aims to study the situations in which the requirements of the design prescriptions are not met.
A N N A L E S
U N I V E R S I T A T I S M A R I A E C U R I E - S K O D O W S K A
L U B L I N – P O L O N I A
VOL. XII, 2 SECTIO L 2014
Wydzia Ogrodnictwa i Architektury Krajobrazu
Uniwersytetu Przyrodniczego w Lublinie
KAMILA LUCYNA BOGUSZEWSKA
Krajobraz Le Corbusiera. Losy „superbudynków”
na przyk adzie realizacji w Marsylii, Berlinie i Katowicach
Le Corbusier’s Landscape. The Fates of “Superstructures”
as Exemplified by Their Implementation in Marseilles, Berlin and Katowice
„Problem domu nie zosta jeszcze postawiony.
The ship hull vibration has a great impact on the performance, safety of the devices, structures, and the sailor's comfort when working on the ship. With increases in ship sizes and speeds, shipboard vibration becomes a significant concern in the design and construction of ships. Therefore, designing a ship without any excessive vibration is an important issue and should be studied through analysis right in the design phase. To ensure minimum vibration in a proposed new design; avoid damage to structures, machinery or equipment (mechanically suitable); meeting the requirements of the crew's living environment and working conditions. The ship's natural vibrations are determined to right from the design stage, which will help ship designers and structures avoid dangerous resonance areas. In this study, a three-dimensional finite element model representing the entire ship hull, including the deckhouse and machinery propulsion system, has been developed using numerical modelling implemented in Patran-Nastran software for local and global vibration analyses of the container ship 2000 TEU. Vibration analyses have been conducted under two conditions: free–free (dry) and in-water (wet). The wet analysis has been implemented using Mfluid elements in Nastran software. Because of the global ship free vibration analysis, global natural frequencies and mode shapes have been determined. Combined with the frequency of the main engine and the propeller, the resonant regions with higher frequencies are determined by the resonant graph of the hull. The application of the finite element method for ship vibration analysis shows the optimal of numerical modelling method compared to other traditional methods. This will help other technical problems to be solved with the support of the finite element method.
References  IŽVOLT, L. - ŠMALO, M.: Historical Development and Applications of Unconventional Structure of Railway Superstructure of the Railway Infrastructure of the Slovak Republic, In: Civil and Environmental Engineering. Scientific - Technical Journal. Volume 10, Issue 2 (2014). EDIS - University of Žilina, 2014. ISSN 1336-5835, Žilina.  IŽVOLT, L. - ŠESTÁKOVÁ, J. - ŠMALO, M. - GOCÁLOVÁ, Z.: Monitoring of the Track Geometry Quality around the Portals of New Tunnel Construction Turecky vrch - Preliminary Results, In: Communications: Scientific Letters of
The comparative, differential phenomenology of play and games has a critical political point. A mainstream discourse identifies – more or less – sport with play and game and describes sport as just a modernized extension of play or as a universal phenomenon that has existed since the Stone Age or the ancient Greek Olympics. This may be problematical, as there was no sport before industrial modernity. Before 1800, people were involved in a richness of play and games, competitions, festivities, and dances, which to large extent have disappeared or were marginalized, suppressed, and replaced by sport. The established rhetoric of “ancient Greek sport”, “medieval tournament sport”, etc., can be questioned.
Configurational analysis as a procedure of differential phenomenology can help in analyzing sport as a specific modern game which produces objectified results through bodily movement. This analysis casts light not only on the phenomenon of sport itself, but also on the methodological and epistemological challenge of studying play, movement, and body culture.
and mechanical intensity calculations in structural finite element analysis. ASME Journal of Vibration and Acoustics, 112, pp.542-549. Kim, B.H., 2006. A study on the low vibration design of container carrier superstructure using the structural intensity analysis. Master thesis, Pusan National University, Korea. Lee, D.H. and Cho, D.S., 2001. Structural intensity analysis of local ship structures using finite element method. Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, 38(3), pp. 62-73. Linjama, J. and Lahti, T., 1992. Estimation of bending wave intensity in