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Comparison of selected clinical and personality variables in alcohol–dependent patients with or without a history of suicide attempts

kwestionariusza TCI R.C. Cloningera. Poznań; Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe: 2003. 23. Juczyński Z, Ogińska-Bulik N. Narzędzia pomiaru stresu i radzenia sobie ze stresem. Warszawa; Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych PTP: 2009. 24. Aranowska E, Rytel J. Psychometric properties of The Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire. W: Terelak JF, Majchrzyk Z. red. Psychology of aggression: Selected Issues. Warszawa;Wydawnictwo UKSW: 2011, s. 217–243. 25. Hung GC-L, Caine ED, Fan H-F, Huang M-C, Chen Y-Y. Predicting suicide attempts among treatment-seeking male alcoholics: an

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Increased Risk of Attempted and Completed Suicide in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: A Systematic Review of Follow-up Studies

Introduction Suicidality and mental health Suicidality is common in the general population, and even more common in patients with mental health disorders (Hollander et al 1996/7, Batterham et al. 2017 ). Suicidality describes a spectrum from suicidal thoughts, ruminations, suicide ideations, suicide planning, suicide attempts and completed suicide. In individual subjects, suicidal thoughts, suicide ideations and intentions usually precede attempted and completed suicide. Subjects with previous thoughts of suicide and suicidal intentions may be more likely

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Childhood Abuse, Household Dysfunction and the Risk of Attempting Suicide in a National Sample of Secondary School and University Students

References 1. Dube SR, Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Chapman DP, Williamson DF, Giles WH. Childhood abuse, household dysfunction and the risk of attempted suicide across the life-span. JAMA. 2001; 286 (24):3089-96. 2. Van der Kolk BA, Perry JC, Herman JL. Childhood origins of self-destructive behavior. Am J Psychiatry. 1991; 148: 1665-71 3. Beautrais AL, Joyce PR, Mulder RT. Risk factors for serious suicide attempts among youths aged 13 through 24 years. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1996; 35: 1174

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The society’s perception of suicide

Abstract

Introduction: On account of its radical character, suicide is differently perceived by the society. The consequence of this phenomenon is the issue of moral evaluation by the society in the practical aspects of daily life, such as religious, psychological and social ones. Regarding society’s complexity, it is understandable that the knowledge and the evaluation of this act amongst people are different.

Materials and methods: In the study a method of the diagnostic survey was applied. The questionnaire was conducted amongst 168 individuals ranging from 18 to 49 years of age. The study involved 69 women and 99 men. The arranged personal data questionnaire served as the evaluation of perceiving the suicidal act and people’s knowledge about this occurrence.

Results: Respondents claim that suicidal behaviours affect 72.5% of young people, and 22.7% of adult men. Large group of the study participants had personal experience with individuals after a suicide attempt (41.92%). As many as 49.7% of individuals are fierce opponents of suicidal acts while 46.1% are of an opinion that ‘the one who commits suicide should not be condemned or judged’.

Conclusions: Respondents present vast knowledge about the universality of suicide phenomenon and its most frequent causes. They are against such behaviour, but do not condemn individuals who committed this act. The study participants show understanding of ways to prevent suicide.

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Dialysis and Depression in the Light of Suicide Attempt with Fruits

Abstract

Depression is a common morbidity seen in chronic renal failure patients but it is often underdiagnosed and undertreated. Here we present a 36-year-old male dialysis patient who had undiagnosed severe depression and attempted to commit suicide with overconsumption of fruits. Fortunately, he was saved with emergent dialysis treatment and was referred to a psychiatry clinic for treatment and observation. In the light of this case we want to point out that diagnosing and treating psychiatric problems of dialysis patients is of vital importance to prevent suicides and also to improve quality of life.

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Prevalence of self-injury, suicidal ideation, plans and attempts in adolescents aged 13 to 19 years of age

, Namysłowska I. Kulturowe i psychologiczne koncepcje samouszkodzeń. Psych Pol. 2008;42(5):647-57. 10. Klonsky ED. Non-suicidal self-injury in United States adults: prevalence, sociodemographics, topography and functions. Psychol Med. 2011;41(9):1981-6. 11. Pawłowska B, Potembska E, Zygo M, et al. Rozpowszechnienie samouszkodzeń dokonywanych przez młodzież w wieku od 16 do 19 roku życia. Psych Pol. 2016;50(1) (in press). 12. Zoroglu SS, Tuzun U, Sar V, et al. Suicide attempt and self-mutilation among Turkish high school students

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Association of SLC1A2 and SLC17A7 polymorphisms with major depressive disorder in a Thai population

Major depressive disorder (MDD) or major depression is a common psychiatric disorder in the general population [ 1 ]. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), MDD affects more than 350 million people worldwide. Moreover, the Burden of Disease (BOD) Research Program in 2013 revealed that a Thai population of around 1.5 million people suffered from depression [ 2 ]. Psychiatric disorders, especially MDD, have been strongly linked to suicide and suicide attempts [ 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 ]. A metaanalysis has found that approximately 90% of the people who

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Incremental Role of Pathological Personality Traits in the Prediction of Suicidal Ideation in General and Psychiatric Inpatient Sample

., Lester, D. (2002). Perceived burdensomeness and suicidality: Two studies on the suicide notes of those attempting and those completing suicide. J. Soc. Clin. Psychol. ,2 1 (5), 531–545. Miranda, R., Scott, M., Hicks, R., Wilcox, H. C., Harris Munfakh, J. L., Shaffer, D. (2008). Suicide attempt characteristics, diagnoses, and future attempts: Comparing multiple attempters to single attempters and ideators. J. Amer. Acad. Child Adolescent Psychiatry , 47 (1), 32–40. Nock, M. K., Joiner, T. J., Gordon, K. H., Lloyd-Richardson, E., Prinstein, M. J. (2006

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Contemporary Education Towards Selected Phenomena. Case Study as an Educational Method – A Suicidal Aspect

Abstract

The article deals with issues related to contemporary education towards selected phenomena using the case study method. In recent years, the proposed topic is important. Very often, the presentation of aspects related to the case study in a much better perspective illustrates difficulties and problematic issues concerning social, medical or psychological phenomena. Analysis of a single case, using a detailed description, which is usually a real case, allowing to draw conclusions about the causes and results of its course and technical, cultural, social conditions, etc. The phenomenon of suicide is a very complicated process. To understand this issue thoroughly, modern teaching methods are used, thanks to which the adoption and understanding of even difficult material is used. The work is therefore of a theoretical and practical nature, as examples of case studies from conducted scientific research carried out on a group of people after suicide attempt from 2014 will be presented.

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Low-dose intravenous lipid emulsion for the treatment of severe quetiapine and citalopram poisoning

Abstract

The treatment of quetiapine and/or citalopram poisoning is mainly supportive and involves gastric lavage, activated charcoal, intubation, and mechanical ventilation. Recently, however, there were reports of successful treatment with intravenous lipid emulsion. Here we report a case of a 19-year-old Caucasian girl who ingested approximately 6000 mg of quetiapine, 400 mg of citalopram, and 45 mg of bromazepam in a suicide attempt. The patient developed ventricular tachycardia and epileptic seizures 12 h after admission to the hospital. As the patient’s condition deteriorated, we combined standard therapy (intubation, mechanical ventilation, and vasopressors) with low-dose intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) (a total of 300 mL of 20 % lipid emulsion) and normalised her heart rhythm and stopped the seizures. She was discharged to the psychiatric ward after 48 h and home after a prolonged (2-month) psychiatric rehabilitation. Intravenous lipid emulsion turned out to be effective even in the lower dose range than previously reported for quetiapine poisoning in patients presenting with seizure and ventricular arrhythmia. To our knowledge, there are no case reports describing the use of ILE in treating citalopram poisoning.

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