Aneta Gerhant, Ewa Krzewicka-Romaniuk, Dagna Siedlecka, Magdalena Derewianka-Polak and Marcin Olajossy
kwestionariusza TCI R.C. Cloningera. Poznań; Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe: 2003.
23. Juczyński Z, Ogińska-Bulik N. Narzędzia pomiaru stresu i radzenia sobie ze stresem. Warszawa; Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych PTP: 2009.
24. Aranowska E, Rytel J. Psychometric properties of The Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire. W: Terelak JF, Majchrzyk Z. red. Psychology of aggression: Selected Issues. Warszawa;Wydawnictwo UKSW: 2011, s. 217–243.
25. Hung GC-L, Caine ED, Fan H-F, Huang M-C, Chen Y-Y. Predicting suicideattempts among treatment-seeking male alcoholics: an
Suicidality and mental health
Suicidality is common in the general population, and even more common in patients with mental health disorders (Hollander et al 1996/7, Batterham et al. 2017 ). Suicidality describes a spectrum from suicidal thoughts, ruminations, suicide ideations, suicide planning, suicideattempts and completed suicide. In individual subjects, suicidal thoughts, suicide ideations and intentions usually precede attempted and completed suicide. Subjects with previous thoughts of suicide and suicidal intentions may be more likely
Marija Raleva, Dimitrinka Jordanova Peshevska, Izabela Filov, Dinesh Sethi, Antoni Novotni, Dimitar Bonevski and Kadri Haxhihamza
1. Dube SR, Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Chapman DP, Williamson DF, Giles WH. Childhood abuse, household dysfunction and the risk of attempted suicide across the life-span. JAMA. 2001; 286 (24):3089-96.
2. Van der Kolk BA, Perry JC, Herman JL. Childhood origins of self-destructive behavior. Am J Psychiatry. 1991; 148: 1665-71
3. Beautrais AL, Joyce PR, Mulder RT. Risk factors for serious suicideattempts among youths aged 13 through 24 years. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1996; 35: 1174
Grzegorz Opielak, Maciej Kozioł, Tomasz Zuzak, Piotr Piech and Ryszard Maciejewski
Introduction: On account of its radical character, suicide is differently perceived by the society. The consequence of this phenomenon is the issue of moral evaluation by the society in the practical aspects of daily life, such as religious, psychological and social ones. Regarding society’s complexity, it is understandable that the knowledge and the evaluation of this act amongst people are different.
Materials and methods: In the study a method of the diagnostic survey was applied. The questionnaire was conducted amongst 168 individuals ranging from 18 to 49 years of age. The study involved 69 women and 99 men. The arranged personal data questionnaire served as the evaluation of perceiving the suicidal act and people’s knowledge about this occurrence.
Results: Respondents claim that suicidal behaviours affect 72.5% of young people, and 22.7% of adult men. Large group of the study participants had personal experience with individuals after a suicide attempt (41.92%). As many as 49.7% of individuals are fierce opponents of suicidal acts while 46.1% are of an opinion that ‘the one who commits suicide should not be condemned or judged’.
Conclusions: Respondents present vast knowledge about the universality of suicide phenomenon and its most frequent causes. They are against such behaviour, but do not condemn individuals who committed this act. The study participants show understanding of ways to prevent suicide.
Feray Akbas, Hanife Usta Atmaca, Sennur Kose and Sevda Bag
Depression is a common morbidity seen in chronic renal failure patients but it is often underdiagnosed and undertreated. Here we present a 36-year-old male dialysis patient who had undiagnosed severe depression and attempted to commit suicide with overconsumption of fruits. Fortunately, he was saved with emergent dialysis treatment and was referred to a psychiatry clinic for treatment and observation. In the light of this case we want to point out that diagnosing and treating psychiatric problems of dialysis patients is of vital importance to prevent suicides and also to improve quality of life.
Beata Pawłowska, Emilia Potembska, Maciej Zygo and Marcin Olajossy
, Namysłowska I. Kulturowe i psychologiczne koncepcje samouszkodzeń. Psych Pol. 2008;42(5):647-57.
10. Klonsky ED. Non-suicidal self-injury in United States adults: prevalence, sociodemographics, topography and functions. Psychol Med. 2011;41(9):1981-6.
11. Pawłowska B, Potembska E, Zygo M, et al. Rozpowszechnienie samouszkodzeń dokonywanych przez młodzież w wieku od 16 do 19 roku życia. Psych Pol. 2016;50(1) (in press).
12. Zoroglu SS, Tuzun U, Sar V, et al. Suicideattempt and self-mutilation among Turkish high school students
Benjamard Thaweethee, Sirijit Suttajit, Samur Thanoi, Caroline F. Dalton, Gavin P. Reynolds and Sutisa Nudmamud-Thanoi
Major depressive disorder (MDD) or major depression is a common psychiatric disorder in the general population [ 1 ]. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), MDD affects more than 350 million people worldwide. Moreover, the Burden of Disease (BOD) Research Program in 2013 revealed that a Thai population of around 1.5 million people
suffered from depression [ 2 ]. Psychiatric disorders, especially MDD, have been strongly linked to suicide and suicideattempts [ 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 ]. A metaanalysis has found that approximately 90% of the people who
., Lester, D. (2002). Perceived burdensomeness and suicidality: Two studies on the suicide notes of those attempting and those completing suicide. J. Soc. Clin. Psychol. ,2 1 (5), 531–545.
Miranda, R., Scott, M., Hicks, R., Wilcox, H. C., Harris Munfakh, J. L., Shaffer, D. (2008). Suicideattempt characteristics, diagnoses, and future attempts: Comparing multiple attempters to single attempters and ideators. J. Amer. Acad. Child Adolescent Psychiatry , 47 (1), 32–40.
Nock, M. K., Joiner, T. J., Gordon, K. H., Lloyd-Richardson, E., Prinstein, M. J. (2006
The article deals with issues related to contemporary education towards selected phenomena using the case study method. In recent years, the proposed topic is important. Very often, the presentation of aspects related to the case study in a much better perspective illustrates difficulties and problematic issues concerning social, medical or psychological phenomena. Analysis of a single case, using a detailed description, which is usually a real case, allowing to draw conclusions about the causes and results of its course and technical, cultural, social conditions, etc. The phenomenon of suicide is a very complicated process. To understand this issue thoroughly, modern teaching methods are used, thanks to which the adoption and understanding of even difficult material is used. The work is therefore of a theoretical and practical nature, as examples of case studies from conducted scientific research carried out on a group of people after suicide attempt from 2014 will be presented.
Darinka Purg, Andrej Markota, Damjan Grenc and Andreja Sinkovič
The treatment of quetiapine and/or citalopram poisoning is mainly supportive and involves gastric lavage, activated charcoal, intubation, and mechanical ventilation. Recently, however, there were reports of successful treatment with intravenous lipid emulsion. Here we report a case of a 19-year-old Caucasian girl who ingested approximately 6000 mg of quetiapine, 400 mg of citalopram, and 45 mg of bromazepam in a suicide attempt. The patient developed ventricular tachycardia and epileptic seizures 12 h after admission to the hospital. As the patient’s condition deteriorated, we combined standard therapy (intubation, mechanical ventilation, and vasopressors) with low-dose intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) (a total of 300 mL of 20 % lipid emulsion) and normalised her heart rhythm and stopped the seizures. She was discharged to the psychiatric ward after 48 h and home after a prolonged (2-month) psychiatric rehabilitation. Intravenous lipid emulsion turned out to be effective even in the lower dose range than previously reported for quetiapine poisoning in patients presenting with seizure and ventricular arrhythmia. To our knowledge, there are no case reports describing the use of ILE in treating citalopram poisoning.