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. Ophthalmology 2008; 115(3): 577-84.e3. 11. Maheshwari R. Results of probing for congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction in children older than 13 months of age. Indian J Ophthalmol 2005; 53: 49-51. 12. Maheshwari R. Success rate and cause of failure for late probing for congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2008; 45:168-71. 13. Katowitz JA, Welsh MG. Timing of initial probing and irrigation in congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction. Ophthalmology 1987; 94: 698-705. 14. Robb RM. Success rates of nasolacrimal duct probing at time intervals


Globally, ODL institutions experience mismatch between scalability of numbers and scalability of success rates. This study explored the scalability of success rates in open, distance e-learning as perceived by the learners within the Chain of Response Model. The primary aim of the study was to look at online learners’ success rate by focusing on two institutional factors drawn from the Model, namely: the learner’s study modules related challenges and support services. The results of an online survey of 180 undergraduate and postgraduate online learners of Egerton University, Kenya, showed: (a) the response rate of 16%; (b) a mixture of hardware, software and personal factors were identified as pre-requisites for e-learning success: (c) a number of mathematically-based modules were identified as risks to success in online studies; and (d) while the learners saw the learner support services as important they were less satisfied with their provision. The present study points to two broad areas that require further studies. First, qualitative look into specific challenges that learners face with respect to learner support service provisions, modules interactivity, and those identified as difficult to follow and thus posing risks to the learners’ success. Second, investigation into tutor-learner contacts with the view of identifying whether such contacts are reactive or proactive.

Ambiguity Resolution for Ground and Space-Based Applications in a GPS+Galileo scenario: A simulation study, Advances in Space Research, Vol. 57, No. 1, 30-45. Odijk D., Arora B.S., Teunissen P.J.G. (2014) Predicting the Success Rate of Long-baseline GPS+Galileo (Partial) Ambiguity Resolution, Journal of Navigation, Vol. 67, No. 3, 385-401. Teunissen P.J.G. (1993) Least-squares estimation of the integer GPS ambiguities, Invited lecture, section IV theory and methodology, IAG general meeting 1993, Beijing, China. Teunissen P.J.G. (1995) The least-squares ambiguity

two schooling fishes, Caranx inobilis and Stolephorus purpureus. - Animal Behaviour 26: 760-777. Mahendiran, M. & Urfi, A. J. 2010. Foraging patterns and kleptoparasitism among three sympatric cormorants (Phalacrocorax spp.) from the Dehli region, North India. - Hydrobiologia 638: 21-28. Ratcliffe, N., Richardson, D., Lidstone Scott, R., Bond, P. J., Westlake, C. & Stennett, S. 1997. Host selection, attack rates and success rates for Black-headed Gull kleptoparasitism of terns. - Colonial Waterbirds 20: 227-234. Shealer, D. A., Spendelow, J. A., Hatfield, J. S

The Impact of Managers on Successful ERP Implementation

Lately, Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) has been implemented in public organizations and organizations without competition in the marketplace. It is the ERP system that is almost as badly needed for the competitiveness and success of those organizations in the marketplace. The main reason lies in the fact that operating costs have to be reduced and the optimization of business processes is an option which nowadays is normally implemented together with new ERP. The success rate of ERP implementation remains very low with up to a 90% failure rate, as it is quoted in a lot of researches. Critical success factors (CSF) which influence successful ERP implementation are identical in all organizations. The main goal of this research is to find out the managers' impact on the critical success factors and thus their impact on the successful ERP implementation. Top management support is the most important critical success factor for successful ERP implementation, regardless of the fact whether the organization is on the market or not.


Background: Noncompliance can mislead clinicians regarding the efficacy of therapy and result in more aggressive, but inappropriate treatment. Improper techniques used for eye drop instillation frequently occurs in chronic glaucoma patients. The Thai Eye Drop Guide (EDG) device has been developed to ensure precise instillation. However, whether the EDG is more effective than the traditional technique when careful instructions for both techniques are given is still unknown.

Objective: To compare success rates of eye drop self-instillation by chronic glaucoma patients using a traditional technique and the EDG when careful instructions for both are given.

Methods: Fifty-nine chronic glaucoma patients were instructed to instill eye drops using the EDG or a traditional technique in a randomized sequence. A two week practice period was assigned before groups were crossed-over. The instillation performance was VDO recorded after each practice period. Three criteria of success: time taken to instill an eye drop into the eye; instillation of only one drop; and without the bottle tip touching lids, lashes, periocular tissues, or the other hand, were scored by three independent readers from video-records. The readers were blinded to the sequence to which the patients were randomized.

Results: There were no significant differences in success rates between the EDG and traditional technique (61.0% and 66.1% respectively, p = 0.607) and the number of drops dispensed per application (median of 1 drop in both groups, p = 0.89). The time taken to instill eye drops with the EDG was significantly longer than using the traditional technique (median of 19 and 9 s respectively, p < 0.001). Older age (p = 0.049, OR 4.23) and more education (p = 0.025, OR 0.19) were found to be significantly associated with failure of the EDG.

Conclusion: EDG is not more effective than a traditional technique in terms of improving dispensing accuracy and decreasing the drops dispensed per application even when careful instructions are given. The results suggest that, if good instructions are provided, experienced glaucoma patients can improve their eye drop instillation performance.


Background. Colonoscopy is a common performed procedure in Gastroenterology, and it’s widely used for diagnosis, treatment and surveillance of a wide range of conditions and symptoms. Properly performed, it’s generally safe, more accurate than a virtual colonoscopy and well-tolerated by patients. The completion of a colonoscopy is defined by cecal intubation with the visualization of colonic mucosa and distal terminal ileum when it’s possible.

Patients and methods. We reviewed retrospectively all consecutive endoscopies database of the lower digestive tract, done over a period from 2014-2017 in our clinic. The recommended completion based on the latest guidelines ranges from 90-95% completion rate according to the indication.

Results. 11214 consecutive colonoscopies were done. Overall cecal intubation was successful in 9456 procedures (87.3%). If we exclude the interventional procedures (414 procedures), where cecal intubation was not necessary, the main reasons of non-intubation were due to intolerance of the patients (388 patients), followed on the second place by patients with obstructive cancer (299 patients). The presence of diverticulosis, poor preparation for colonoscopy and post-surgical adhesions were significant findings in non-successful procedures.

Conclusions. In normal daily practice, colonoscopy is completed in 88.01% of the procedures but we think that this result will stimulate the efforts to incorporate more quality measures and time in our endoscopy laboratory.

study in China suggested that the main reason for interrupted treatment mentioned by patients was the presence of adverse effects during treatment (46.5%); and such interruption of treatment was found to be highly associated with noncure outcome [ 11 , 12 ]. In Thailand, the treatment success rates for patients with TB for all age groups were 86.0% (2010), 85.0% (2011) [ 13 ], 82.3% (2014), and 80.9% (2015) [ 14 ]. Mortality rates for all age groups of patients with TB were 7.0% (2010), 7.0% (2011) [ 13 ], 7.7% (2014), and 8.0% (2015) [ 14 ]. According to a report in

Anaesth. 2001; 86(1):80-3 5. Kapral S, Greher M, Huber G, et al. Ultrasonographic guidance improves the success rate of interscalene brachial plexus blockade. Reg Anest and Pain Med.2008;33(3):253–258 6. Perlas A, Brull R, Chan VWS, et al. Ultrasound guidance improves the success of sciatic nerve block at the popliteal fossa. Reg Anest and Pain Med. 2008;33(3):259–265 7. Kim JH, Chen J, Bennett H et al. A low approach to interscalene brachial plexus block results in more distal spread of sensory-motor coverage compared to the conventional approach. Anesth Analg. 2011

23-25, 2008, Revised Selected Papers in Lec- ture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, 2009, pp. 14-27. [7] STANDAERT, F.-X.-MALKIN, T.-YUNG. M. : A Unified Framework for the Analysis of Side-Channel Key Recovery At- tacks, In Advances in Cryptology EUROCRYPT 2009 (A. Joux,, ed.), LNCS 5479, Springer, Berlin, pp. 443-461. [8] SCHINDLER, W.-LEMKE, K.-PAAR, C. : A Stochastic Model for Differential Side Channel Cryptanalysis, In Crypto- graphic Hardware and Embedded Systems CHES 2005, LNCS 3659, Springer, pp. 30-46. [9] RIVAIN, M. : On the Exact Success Rate of Side