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Assessment of Personality Problems among Patients with Substance Use Disorders

REFERENCES Allport, G. W. (1937). Personality: A psychological interpretation . Oxford, England: Holt. American Psychiatric Association (2006). Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with substance use disorders . Retrieved from http://psychiatryonline.org/pb/assets/raw/sitewide/practice_guidelines/guidelines/substanceuse.pdf American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. Andrea, H., Verheul, R., Berghout, C., Dolan, C., van der Kroft, P

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Co-occurrence of substance use disorders with other psychiatric disorders: implications for treatment services

surveys: An epidemic of youthful alcohol dependence or a case of measurement error? Addiction, 101: 111-114. Chan, Y. F., Dennis, M. L., & Funk, R. R. (2008).Prevalence and comorbidity of major internalizing and externalizing problems among adolescents and adults presenting to substance abuse treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 34, 14-24. Chong, M.Y., Chan, K.W., & Cheng, A.T. (1999).Substance use disorders among adolescents in Taiwan: prevalence, sociodemographic correlates and psychiatric co-morbidity.Psychological Medicine

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Integrating addiction and mental health treatment within a national addiction treatment system: using multiple statistical methods to analyze client and interviewer assessment of co-occurring mental health problems

material for better use of the ASI interview].The Institute for the Development of Methodology in Social Work. Social styrelsen (National Board of Health and Welfare). Stockholm, Sweden. Brännström, R., & Andréasson, S. (2008).Regional differences in alcohol consumption, alcohol addiction and drug use among Swedish adults. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 36, 493-503. Brouselle, A., Lamothe, L., Sylvain, C., Foro, A., & Perreault, M. (2010). Integrating services for patients with mental and substance use disorders: What matters

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The pursuit of evidence-based practice: Comparisons of three guidelines on psychosocial interventions for alcohol problems

. Shand, F., Gates, J., & Fawsett, J. (2003). The treatment of alcohol problems: A review of the evidence. Canberra: Australian Government Department of Health and Aging. Smedslund, G., Berg, R. C., Hammerstrøm, K. T., Steiro, A. Leiknes, K. A., Dahl, H. M., & Karlsen, K. (2011). Motivational interviewing for substance abuse (Review). The Cochrane Collaboration, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Smith Connery, H., & Kleber, H. D. (2007). Guideline watch: Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with substance use disorders, 2nd edition

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Death by self-inflicted asphyxia with helium – First case reports from Norway and review of the literature

ABSTRACT

An increasing number of asphyxia suicides by inhalation of inert gases have been reported from different parts of the world over the last decade. So far this phenomenon has not been described in our country. This article presents the first two case reports from Norway of presumed suicide by asphyxiation due to helium inhalation from a closed plastic bag over the head. In both cases a forensic autopsy, which included comprehensive toxicological analysis, was requested and performed. In the two cases death was attributed to asphyxia due to helium inhalation, and suffocation due to a plastic bag over the head and aspiration of gastric contents, respectively. Toxicological analysis revealed no findings contributing to the deaths. The absence of toxicological and autopsy findings to determine the cause of death in such cases may represent challenges of clinical and forensic significance. In contrast to the promotion of this method by euthanasia interest groups for the terminally ill reported suicides by helium asphyxiation primarily involve relatively young individuals suffering from psychiatric and/or substance use disorders, and not from terminal illness.

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Predisposing, enabling and need factors of heroin addicts’ using prescribed methadone or buprenorphine for a year or longer: An exploratory study of drug treatment for heroin addicts in the Swedish welfare system

ABSTRACT

AIM - This exploratory study draws on national register data for 2,638 opioid users from 2004- 2008 to examine whether or not certain predisposing, enabling and need factors are associated with taking methadone or buprenorphine continuously on doctor’s orders for one year or more. DESIGN - Chi-square analysis, one-way Anova and logistic regression methods were used to explore the association between self-reported demographic characteristics, alcohol/drug use severity, substance use disorder treatment history, criminal justice history, level of mental health symptomatology, mental health treatment history, and whether or not adult opioid users had taken methadone or buprenorphine continuously on doctor’s orders for one year or longer. RESULTS - Having a job and having had more voluntary treatment episodes were significantly associated with using methadone or buprenorphine. Those opioid users who had a job were 19 times more likely to be on methadone or buprenorphine than opiate users who did not have a job. CONCLUSIONS - In our study, individuals who were working were significantly more likely to medicate against their opioid abuse. This suggests that they may be more socially integrated than their non-medicating counterparts

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Comorbid drug use disorders and eating disorders - a review of prevalence studies

-68 Cohen, L. R. & Gordon, S. M. (2009): Co-occurring eating and substance use disorders. In: Brady, K. T. & Back, S. E. & Greenfield, S. P. (eds.): Women and Addiction. A comprehensive handbook. New York: The Guilford Press Cochrane, C. & Malcolm, R. & Brewerton, T. (1998): The role of weight control as a motivation for cocaine abuse. Addictive Behaviors 23 (2): 201-207 Courbasson, C. M. & Mclaughlin, P. M. & Letchumanan, M. & Wong, B. I. (2010): Substance use disorders in adolescents with eating disorders. Minerva

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SURVIVE: let the dead help the living—an autopsy-based cohort study for mapping risk markers of death among those with severe mental illnesses

substance use disorders: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet 2013, 382(9904):1575-1586. [4] Wahlbeck K, Westman J, Nordentoft M, Gissler M, Laursen TM: Outcomes of Nordic mental health systems: life expectancy of patients with mental disorders. The British Journal of Psychiatry 2011, 199(6):453-458. [5] Laursen TM, Musliner KL, Benros ME, Vestergaard M, Munk-Olsen T: Mortality and life expectancy in persons with severe unipolar depression. Journal of Affective Disorders , 193:203-207. [6] Nordentoft M, Wahlbeck K, Hällgren

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Evaluating the complex: Alternative models and measures for evaluating collaboration among substance use services with mental health, primary care and other services and sectors

perspective. Academy of Management Journal, 47, 795-817. Brousselle, A., Lamothe, L., Sylvain, C., Foro, A., & Perreault, M. (2010). Integrating services for patients with mental and substance use disorders: What matters? Health Care Management Review, 35(3), 212-223. Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse (in press). Best advice on collaboration for addiction and mental health care. Ottawa: Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse. Chalk, M., Dilonardo, J., and GelberRinaldo, S. (2011). Purchasing integrated services for substance use

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