This paper analyzes the distribution of internal forces and displacements of embedded retaining wall in Quaternary deposits and Tertiary clays. Calculations have been based on the Subgrade Reaction Method (SRM) for two different types of earth pressure behind the wall (active, at-rest) in order to show the differences resulting from adopting the limit values. An algorithm for calculation of “cantilever wall” using the Mathematica program was proposed.
 Terzaghi, K. (1955): Evaluation of coefficients of subgradereaction. Geotechnique , 5, 297–326.
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 Larkela, A., Mengelt, M., Stapelfeldt, T
Geotechnical and structural engineers are faced with a difficult task when their designs interact with each other. For complex projects, this is more the norm than the exception. In order to help bridge that gap, a method for modeling the behavior of a foundation using a simple elasto-plastic subgrade reaction was developed. The method uses an optimization technique to position 4-6 springs along a pile foundation to produce similar load deflection characteristics that were modeled by more sophisticated geotechnical finite element software. The methodology uses an Excel spreadsheet for accepting user input and delivering an optimized subgrade spring stiffness, yield, and position along the pile. In this way, the behavior developed from the geotechnical software can be transferred to the structural analysis software. The optimization is achieved through the solver add-in within Excel. Additionally, a beam on a nonlinear elastic foundation model is used to compute deflections of the optimized subgrade reaction configuration.
Sujeet Kumar, Rakesh Kumar Dutta and Bijayananda Mohanty
Engineering properties such as compaction, unconfined compressive strength, consistency limits, percentage swell, free swell index, the California bearing ratio and the consolidation of bentonite stabilized with lime and phosphogypsum are presented in this paper. The content of the lime and phosphogypsum varied from 0 to 10 %. The results reveal that the dry unit weight and optimum moisture content of bentonite + 8 % lime increased with the addition of 8 % phosphogypsum. The percentage of swell increased and the free swell index decreased with the addition of 8 % phosphogypsum to the bentonite + 8 % lime mix. The unconfined compressive strength of the bentonite + 8 % lime increased with the addition of 8 % phosphogypsum as well as an increase in the curing period up to 14 days. The liquid limit and plastic limit of the bentonite + 8 % lime increased, whereas the plasticity index remained constant with the addition of 8 % phosphogypsum. The California bearing ratio, modulus of subgrade reaction, and secant modulus increased for the bentonite stabilized with lime and phosphogypsum. The coefficient of the consolidation of the bentonite increased with the addition of 8 % lime and no change with the addition of 8 % phosphogypsum.
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-bearing piles in a non-homogeneous elastic foundation. International journal for numerical and analytical methods in geomechanics , 21 (12), pp.845-861.
Shariyat, M. and Asemi, K., 2014. 3D B-spline finite element nonlinear elasticity buckling analysis of rectangular FGM plates under non-uniform edge loads, using a micromechanical model. Composite Structures , 112 , pp.397-408.
Terzaghi, K., 1955. Evalution of conefficients of subgradereaction. Geotechnique , 5(4), pp.297-326.
S.M. Subash, N. Mahendran, M. Manoj Kumar and M. Nagarajan
 Elsa Eka Purti, N.S.V. Kamesvara Roa, M.A. Mannan, “Evaluation of Modulus of Elasticity and Modulus of SubgradeReaction of Soils Using CBR Test”, Journal of Civil Engineering Research 2 (1): 34-40, 2012.
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.: Laterally Loaded Piles: Models and Measurements. Department of Hydraulic Engineering, TU Delft, 2010.
 ASHFORD, S. A. - JUIRNARONGRIT, T.: Evaluation of Pile Diameter Effect on Initial Modulus of SubgradeReaction. J. Geotech. Geoenvironmental Eng., Vol. 129, No. 3, 2003, pp. 234–242.
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Terzaghi, K (1955) Evaluation of coefficients of subgradereaction . Geotechnique, Vol. 5, No.4, p .297–326.