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Do medical students have a positive outlook on the world?

Abstract

Introduction. Upon entering diverse fields of medical science, young people are on the cusp of adulthood. They change their environment and take on new responsibilities, which often translates to stress and depression.

Aim. The main objective of the work was to assess the psychological health in students of Medical University of Lublin.

Material and Methods. The research tool was a questionnaire containing information regarding mental health of first-year students of medicine. The results were statistically analysed in Statistica 11.0, utilising Pearson’s Chi Squared test of independence, with significance set at p<0.05.

Results. Most respondents (55.79%), whether male or female, rarely feel sadness. About 43% of respondents replied that they employ different strategies of coping with stress. 33.47% of all students stated that whenever any problems appear they look for support from their families. Generally, around 47% of all students are happy with their lives. There were, statistical signification between the sex of the students and psychological well-being, and between the sex and the ways of dealing with depression.

Conclusions. Despite the significant stress to which these young people are exposed, they are relatively strong mentally and have a positive outlook towards the lives.

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Hospitalization of a child in the Neonatal Intensive Care – parents’ experiences

Abstract

Introduction. Significant progress in the perinatal and intensive care therapy resulted in a meaningful increase of survival of extremely immature, and burdened with severe diseases neonates. Although infants are the patients of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, the needs of their parents should also be noticed and realized. The aim of the study was the analysis of the parents’ experiences of children hospitalized in the NICU.

Material. The research material comprises 39 written contributions of parents of children hospitalized in the NICU.

Method. A qualitative analysis of the text was used. Quotes of parents were classified in three categories: emotions, thoughts and support.

Results. Fear, happiness, joy, uncertainty, stress and shock are the most frequently emotions appearing in the parents’ reports. The most frequently mentioned areas of cognitive reactions of parents include: realization of child’s mortality, realizing problems of the premature birth, search for the guilty, and the reformulation of looking at the world. Parents often described support they received, but also pointed to the areas where support lacked.

Conclusion:

  1. As a result of intense emotions, both positive and negative tint that parents experience at birth of a premature or sick child, multi-disciplinary care is necessary in order to reduce the negative effects of experienced emotions.
  2. Support, including information support for parents of critically ill newborns is a key skill in the practice of doctors taking care of children hospitalized in NICU.
  3. Psychological support is an essential element of the holistic care of the neonate’s family.

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The Analysis of Psychophysiological Conditions of Stress Dynamics in Candidates to the Position of a Professional Diver with Consideration of the Psychological Aspects of Diving

Abstract

The article presents a characterisation of stress situations and psychological reactions during diving. It describes the fundamental personality dimensions and temperament features, and discusses the results of research into the methods of coping with stress as well as the levels of anxiety in candidates to the position of a professional driver.

Open access
Dysfunctional Effects of a Conflict in a Healthcare Organization / Дисфункциональный Аспект Конфликта В Организации Здравоохранения

Abstract

Conflicts in healthcare settings are quite common events because of the continuous changes and transformations today’s healthcare organizations are undergoing and the vigorous interaction between the medical professionals working in them. AIM: To survey the opinions of medical professionals about the possible destructive effects of conflicts on them in the workplace. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a direct individual survey of 279 medical employees at four general hospitals. We used a set of questions that reflect the negative effects and consequences of conflict on healthcare professionals as direct or indirect participants. All data were analysed using the descriptive statistics and non-parametric analysis at a significance level for the null hypothesis of p < 0.05. RESULTS: Workplace conflicts contribute a lot to the stress, psychological tension and emotional exhaustion medical professionals are exposed to. The confrontation the conflict brings the participants into acts as a catalyst of the conflict and enhances the manifestation of hostile actions. A conflict generates a situation which has an impact on the behaviour of all participants involved in it giving rise to emotional states such as anger, aggression and reproaches. The destructive consequences resulting from a conflict are seen in the reduced work satisfaction and demotivation to perform the work activity. The contradictions that arise as a result affect negatively the team cooperation and obstruct the collaborative efforts in solving the problems in the healthcare setting. CONCLUSION: A conflict in a healthcare setting exerts a considerable destructive effect on an employee, therefore it requires prompt identification and effective intervention to minimise its unfavourable outcomes.

Open access
Relational styles for solving difficult situations in an employee team

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Relationship Between the Intensity of the Internal and External Locus of Control and Relation to the Property of the Subjects

REFERENCES Affleck, G., Tennen, H., Pfeiffer, C., Fifield, J. (1987). Appraisals of control and predictability in adapting to a chronic disease, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 53, 273-279. Alloy, L.B., Abramson, L.Y. (1979). Judgement of contingency in depressed and nondepressed students. Sadder but wiser? Journal of Experimental Psychology. General , 108, 441-485. Averill, J. (1973). Personal control over aversive stimuli and its relationship to stress, Psychological Bulletin , 80, 296-303. Bandura, A. (1982). Self

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Investigating social support patterns of single mothers from a social network perspective

(6): 843-857. Borgatti, S. (2006) E-net software for the analysis of ego-network data . Needham, MA: Analytic Technologies. Borgatti, S.P., Everett, M.G., and Johnson, J.C. (2013) Analyzing Social Networks. London: Sage. Burt, R.S. (1992) Structural Holes . Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Cassel, J. (1976) ʻThe contribution of the social environment to host resistanceʼ. American Journal of Epidemiology , 104: 107-123. Cobb, S. (1976) ʻSocial support as a moderator of life stressʼ. Psychological Medicine, 38: 300

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Burnout of Older and Younger Employees – The Case of Slovenia

Police Officers: The mediating role of emotions. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 37 (3), 665-680, http://dx-.doi.org/10.1108/PIJPSM-10-2013-0105 Brandy K. L., & Cox, G. O. (2002). Management of Occupational Stress. NY: Macmillan Publishers. In Babajide, E. O., & Akintayo, I. (2011). Occupational Stress, Psychological Well Being and Workers Behavior in Manufacturing Industries in South-West Nigeria. International Journal of Management & Innovation, 3 (1), 32-42, http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/172250455

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The mediation effect of Perceived Social Support and Perceived Stress on the relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Psychological Wellbeing in Male Athletes

significant path of EI → perceived stresspsychological wellbeing. Consistent with previous studies in non-athletic samples, people with high trait EI are likely to perceive greater social support from others and report higher levels of wellbeing indicators ( Schiffrin and Nelson, 2010 ). Our findings on the mediation of perceived social support in association between EI and wellbeing support the Gallagher and Vella-Brodrick’s (2008) claim that perceived social support functioned as a partial mediator of the relationship between EI and wellbeing. The mediating effect of

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