The article analyzes strategic manoeuvring within the pragmadialectical framework with respect to the selection of starting points in the opening stage to frame the arguments. The Terri Schiavo case is presented, which can provide interesting insights concerning this issue. I would like to show that resolution of the difference of opinion requires the resolution of a subordinate difference of opinion concerning how to label her medical state, and why discussants were not able to resolve this subordinate difference of opinion. After, the conflict that arises between critical reasonableness and rhetorical effectiveness is examined and how strategic manoeuvring aims to resolve this conflict. In the final part of the paper I argue that the problems raised can be dealt with within the framework of pragma-dialectics.
In this paper, the author examines the burden of proof in the argu- mentative confrontations taking part in practices of political accountability. She does so by explaining how politicians maneuver strategically with the burden of proof in an attempt at winning the discussion in which they are involved. After making clear the role of the burden of proof in defining the difference of opinion in argumentative confrontations, the author outlines the constraints imposed by practices of political accountability on the burden of proof. Finally, she analyzes in detail a concrete case in which a politician maneuvers in such a way that his burden of proof is significantly diminished.
This study is of a theoretical-conceptual nature and is a partial outcome of the research project VEGA MŠVVaŠ SR and SAV no. 1/0176/15. It deals with one of the problems currently faced by educational theory and practice, i.e. the foreign language education of seniors. The trend is typical for many EU member states, since it results from the needs of a modern society. In addition to strategic documents, programs and legislation which binds the Slovak Republic to create conditions for lifelong education, including foreign language education, the authors are more closely preoccupied with specificities and possibilities of the language education of seniors, which are explained on a comparative basis with the language education of children and youth. Even though in literature one can find results of many substantial empirical research projects devoted to foreign language education of children and youth, research into the education of adults and seniors in the area of foreign languages falls behind considerably. A sufficient platform for the methodology of language education of adults and seniors in Slovakia has not been created either, if compared with the methodology of language education of younger age categories. This shortcoming is often quite noticeable in practice. The study attempts to pay adequate attention to the analysis of selected teaching styles specific for adult and senior age as well as teaching methods which may be used in the language education of seniors.
amount to a charitable
A factor and cluster analysis of the data gathered resulted
in the “Fair Trade Typology” of German consumers described
in Box 2.
From thoughts to action: Strategies to promote fair tex-
tile consumption /// Are there now strategies to minimize
the gap identified between the willingness to purchase and
the moral standards that many consumers set for themselves?
Our data and consumer types provide a few promising startingpoints that are not based on selflessness but rather generate
more tangible benefits for the individual
been yet sufficiently incorporated in Czech archaeology. The aim of this paper is to introduce this
topic, give an overview of research development both home and abroad, outline the available literature, summarise the actual fundamental knowledge
and startingpoints in order to energise the progress in this field of study in our country. The article presents areas of material culture where traces of
children can be identified. In the absence of any interest in childhood and children in the past or the integration of these subjects into the archaeological
doctor-patient relationship ( 6 ). 2.2 Quality Indicators Have Limitations Quality indicators reflect simplified measurable dimensions of more complex phenomena. Many of the goals and values in primary care can’t be measured, e.g. ethics and humanism in consultations or if priorities are set right in everyday practice. Quality indicators are useful as startingpoints for discussions about complex reality as part of a process to initiate, stimulate and support local improvement work. 2.3 Quality Indicators Are Useful Tools for Quality Improvement Primary care quality
economic globalisation. The aim of the article is to justify the state’s task to positively discriminate by special measures in favour of SMEs on the basis of smallness as their personal circumstance. It bases the need for the special measures of positive discrimination to be enacted on the rule that persons in essentially similar positions are to be treated equally, whereas those in essentially non-similar positions unequally; and the justification of the measures on the theory of Rawls’ procedural equity, which is based on the supposed equal startingpoints. The
The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between personal values and personal tax culture regarding the perception of a tax system’s fairness. The paper deals with the main theoretical starting points of the fundamental cornerstones of the general tax culture such as tax evasion, tax compliance and tax system. Based on findings in Schwartz's model of personal values, the paper discusses some of individual personal values, categorized into ten groups within a two-dimensional circular design, along two bipolar dimensions. Because this field of research is largely unexplored and based on the previous theoretical research, a conceptual model for analysing this relationship was developed.