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). Mastering Complex Projects: Principles for Success and Reliable Performance: White Paper. Sydney: Engineers Australia Beringer, C., Jonas, D., and Gemunden, H. G. (2012). Establishing Project Portfolio Management: An Exploratory Analysis of the Influence of Internal Stakeholders' Interactions. Project Management Journal, 43(6), 16-32. doi:10.1002/pmj.21307 Blodgett, J. G., Lu, L.-C., Rose, G. M., and Vitell, S. J. (2001). Ethical sensitivity to stakeholder interests: A cross-cultural comparison. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 29(2), 190-202. doi:10

Stakeholders' interests through their opinions on the alcohol policy measures in Slovenia

Aims: The purpose of the study was to determine how the stakeholders involved in alcohol policy in Slovenia view the importance and impact of alcohol policy measures in alcohol-related harm reduction, and to identify their interests.

Methods: The questionnaire comprising 25 statements across nine alcohol policy domains was sent to 320 stakeholders involved in alcohol policy in Slovenia. They were divided into the following four main groups: governmental organisations, public health organisations, non-governmental organisations and alcohol industry. The data collected were analysed using the SPSS programme. Differences between the groups concerning their views on individual alcohol policy interventions were measured using the ANOVA and t-test.

Results: Factor analysis of stakeholders' views identified three main alcohol policy platforms: education, regulation and pricing. All the participating stakeholders emphasized education, communication, training and raising public awareness as the most important activities that had the greatest impact on the reduction of alcohol-related harm. Governmental and non-governmental organisations and public health institutions assigned significantly higher scores to the impact of regulatory alcohol policy measures and to the importance of regulatory policies on reducing alcohol-related harm than the alcohol industry. The alcohol industry perceived the pricing measures taken to reduce harm done by alcohol as having a significantly lower impact and lesser importance than did the group of other stakeholders.

Conclusions: Like similar studies of attitudes towards alcohol policy in Europe, our research showed that different stakeholders are guided by different interests in relation to particular alcohol policy measures; however, these differences were lesser than those identified at the EU level. In spite of stakeholders' different interests and views concerning particular alcohol strategies and alcohol policy in general, we have identified common grounds for them to work together to prepare better and more effective measures of alcohol-related harm prevention in Slovenia.

, lead to other preferable strategies. Nevertheless, the study proved that concordance between three different stakeholder groups can be achieved in case of two complex options. Hence, coordination of stakeholder interests is feasible in context of technology implementation strategy development. Further research could extend stakeholder groups, sample coverage, and technologies used. Furthermore, a route toward less detailed and complex technology implementation strategy development could apply multicriteria analytic methods ( Ameseder et al., 2008 ; Brudermann et al


This study examines the effects of financial globalisation on the Nigerian economy using data from the Central Bank of Nigeria statistical bulletin and the Nigeria Bureau of Statistics reports from 1992 to 2017. Using both descriptive and inferential statistical analyses, the study reveals that financial globalisation has helped to mobilise foreign direct investment into the economy and the significant positive effect of personal remittances on per capita income of Nigerians. Therefore it recommends that favourable policies to attract and retain FDI and personal remittances from developed nations should be encouraged and African governments and economic actors should consider all stakeholders’ interests, and ensure that an international financial and trade system is “fair and reciprocal” to eliminate the persisting trends in abject poverty, predatory trade policies and the escalation of economic inequalities in Africa.


The salient scope of this paper is to enable the knowledge and understanding of urban freight transportation and provide guidance for implementing sustainable policies and measures in a city. To achieve this goal, an evaluation framework for city logistics policies and measures is developed, which demonstrates the complexity of urban freight transportation systems, through selected performance indicators, taking into account divergent stakeholders’ interests, conflicting business models and operations. Evaluation follows a hierarchical process; sustainability disciplines (economy and energy, environment, transportation and mobility, society), applicability enablers (policy and measure maturity, social acceptance and users’ uptake), multiple criteria and indicators, capturing the lifecycle impact of policies and measures and multiple stakeholders. Apart from the multicriteria context, the framework embeds methodologies, including, Impact Assessment, Social Cost Benefit Analysis, Transferability and Adaptability, and Risk Analysis. To demonstrate its applicability a case study is set for the City of Graz assessing the establishment of an Urban Consolidation Center. Results show that there is an overall improvement of 2.2% in the Logistics Sustainability Index when comparing before and after implementation cases of the Urban Consolidation Center.


Foreign investment in extractive industries in the developing economies has seldom remained free from various types of controversies. Vedanta Aluminum Ltd (VAL) integrated aluminum project in Orissa is an important project for Vedanta Resources Plc. The project suffered major setbacks as the Indian government withdrew the permission for bauxite mining in Niyamgiri and issued a show cause notice under Environment protection act in 2010 for undertaking construction activity without obtaining environmental clearance for its alumina expansion project at Lanjigarh in Kalahandi district in Orissa. This case illustrates how a decentralized policy and bureaucracy in a country like India deal with myriad problems of resource curse together with attendant consequences, despite the fact that as compared to several developing nations India has a better track record of legislative framework, an experienced bureaucracy and a regulatory framework.

There are institutional rigidities and limits of public policy formulation and implementation which adversely affect a diverse range of stakeholders: essentially because economic growth priorities override all feasible considerations of protecting and furthering stakeholder interests. India is not the only state which has undergone such an ordeal, many developing countries have suffered as well from their relative inability to deal with the issues of resource curse; but this case study assumes further significance because based on the actual final decisions a future road map in terms of a realistic public policy both for domestic investors as also foreign investors in extractive industries will be decided.


The importance of involving diverse stakeholders in tourism planning is receiving growing recognition. Effective tourism destination planning is a complex process, due to the existence of a wide variety of stakeholders with a wide range of opinions, multiple problem visions and different interests. Despite the complexity of the planning process one feature acknowledged for successful destination management planning is a high level of stakeholder engagement and cooperation. The implementation and success of a tourism plan often relies on the support of destination stakeholders.

The paper deals with the issue of effective tourism destination planning from the perspective of harmonizing stakeholders’ interests. It explores tourism destination planning in the Montenegrin tourist destinations, the level of stakeholder cooperation and correlation between destination plans implementation and stakeholder cooperation. An empirical research was carried on the population of 19 local tourist organizations in Montenegro. Findings and implications of the research are given in the paper. The results revealed the problem of insufficient implementation of tourism development plans and low level of stakeholder cooperation. Also, there are implications based on recently conducted research reported in this paper, that there is a strong positive correlation between the level of stakeholder cooperation and implementation of a tourism destination plans.

predmetov v osnovni šoli. Available via , 11. 09. 2016. RAPLEY, MARK (2003), Quality of life research: A critical introduction . Sage RAMIREZ, RICARDO (2001), “Understanding the approaches for accommodating multiple stakeholdersinterests”. International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology 1.3-4: 264-285 VITCENDA, MARY (2011), “Get the whole town involved with tourism”. University of Minnesota, available via http

policy choices of European listed companies, working paper 6. Girbina, M., Minu, M., Bunea, S. & Sacarin, M., (2012), Perceptions of preparers from Romanian banks regarding IFRS application, Accounting and Management Information Systems, nr. 2, pp.191-208 7. Glaum M. et al., (2013), Introduction of International Accounting Standards, Disclosure Quality and Accuracy of Analysts' Earnings Forecasts, European Accounting Review, vol. 22, issue 1 8. Herbei (Mot) I., Moldovan N.C., Cernit C., - Analysis between accounting information disclosure quality and stakeholder

.84.3.839 Clarke, T. (2004). Cycles of Crisis and Regulation: the Enduring Agency and Stewardship Problems of Corporate Governance. Cycles of Crisis and Regulation, 12 (2), 153-161. Clarke, T. (2005). Accounting for Enron: Shareholder Value and Stakeholder Interests. Corporate Governance: An International Review, 13 (5), 598-612. Directive 2006/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 June 2006 amending Council Directive 78/660/EEC on the annual accounts of certain types of companies, 83/349/EEC on consolidated accounts, 86 / 635/ EWG on the annual and