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Development of the Compulsive Exercising Scale for Extreme Sports Participants

Introduction Too much is as bad as too little. This common sense piece of advice applies to life in general, and to the purposes of this study, in particular. Addiction to sports could be as bad as occasional, irregular, and passive engagement. It could be even worse if it is associated with serious or fatal injuries. This study was begun to develop a scale to measure extreme sports participants’ levels of compulsive exercising. The results of this scale would enable them to acknowledge and deal with their level of compulsiveness. Addiction is defined as the

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Motivation for Participation in Sports Based on Athletes in Team and Individual Sports

REFERENCES Benar, N., & Loghmani, M. (2014). Factor Analysis of Teenage Athletes’ Goal Orientations and Sports Participation Motives in Leisure Time. Annals of Applied Sport Science , 2 (1), 69-80. Buonamano, R., Cei, A., & Mussino, A. (1995). Participation motivation in Italian youth sport. The sport psychologist, 9 (3), 265-281. Caglar, E., Asci, F.H., & Deliceoglu, G. (2009). Does participation motivation of youth soccer players change with regard to their perceived ability? Ovidius University Annals, Series Physical Education and Sport

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The Evaluation of Cohesion in the Sports Groups within a Romanian City

in Sport Teams: The group Environment Questionnaire. Journal of Sport Psychology, 7 , 244-266. Carron, A.V. (1988). Group Dynamics in Sport. London, Ontario:Spodym. Carron, A.V, & Hausenblas, H.A. (1998). Group Dynamics in Sport , second edition. USA: Book Crafters. Carron, A.V., Brawley, L.R., & Widmeyer, W.N. (2002a). The Group Environment Questionnaire Test Manual . Morgantown, WV: Fitness Information Technology. Carron, A.V., Bray, S.R., & Eys, M.A. (2002b). Team cohesion and team success in sport. Journal of Sports Sciences , 20

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The Sports Participation: From Research to Sports Policy

between the public and private sectors in the sports system/. In J. Subirats (Ed.), Existe sociedad civil en España? Responsabilidades colectivas y valores públicos / Is there a civil society in Spain? Collective responsibilities and public values /, pp. 178-200. Madrid: Fundación Encuentro. Castejón Paz, B., De Dios García Martínez, J., & Carballada, R. (1973). Rationalising sports policies: Outline of a methodology . Strasbourg: Council of Europe/Committee for Out-of-School Education & Cultural Development. Claeys, U. (1982a). Rationalising sports

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Sports Tourism

References 1. Novikova N.G., Sakharchuk E.S., Ilkevich S.V. (2013). The factors of Russia's low competitiveness as a medical tourism destination. Applied Sciences 25, 104-108. 2. Gozalova M. (2013). Development of social competence in learning a foreign language. Bulletin of the Association of Universities for Tourism and Service 3, 49-52. 3. Hudson S. (2003). Sport and adventure tourism . Bingham-ton, NY: The Haworth Press Inc. 4. The Ministry of Sport of the Russian Federation. (2005). Development of physical culture and sports in the Russian

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The Japanese Corporate Sports System: a Unique Style of Sports Promotion

REFERENCES Chūjō, Kazuo 中条一雄. “Shōgyō shugi to supōtsu” 商業主義とスポーツ [Commercialisation and sports]. In Supōtsu no shakaigaku スポーツの社会学 [The sociology of sports], edited by Masaru Ikeda 池田勝 and Shinji Morinō 守能信次. Tōkyō: Kyōrin shoin, 2001, pp. 119-137 Kikuike, Hideo 菊池秀夫. “Supōtsu keiei to senryaku” スポーツ経営と戦略 [Sports management and strategy]. In Supōtsu no keieigaku スポーツの経営学 [The science of management of sports], edited by Masaru Ikeda 池田勝 and Shinji Morinō 守能信次. Tōkyō: Kyōrin shoin, 2004, pp. 35-62 Kindai Jūdō 近代柔道. “Dai 25 kai orinpikku

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Sports Broadcasting
An Accelerator of Business Integration in the Media Industry

, sports rights and distribution. A case study of Telenor’s exploitation of footaballa agreement 2005.] Master thesis, University of Bergen, Department of Information and Media Science. Brown, W.S. (1995) Principles of Economics, St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Company. Cave, M. & Crandall, R. (2001) Sports Rights and the Broadcast Industry. The Economic Journal , 111 (February), F4-26. Cowie, C. & Williams, M. (1997) ‘The Economics of Sports Rights’, Telecommunications Policy . 21, 619–634. Desbordes, M. (2006) ‘The Relationship between Sport

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Sports Diplomacy of Norway

/olympic_games/vancouver_2010/default.stm>. Sports and Public Diplomacy Envoys 2005-2013, 2013. Web. 05 June 2015, <http://eca.state.gov/programs-initiatives/sports-diplomacy/sports-envoys-and-sports-visitors/sports-and-public-diplomacy>. Strategy for Norway’s culture and sports co-operation with countries in the South, eds. R. Bendiksen, M. Lendig, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Oslo. Web. 10 June 2015, <https://www.regjeringen.no/globalassets/upload/kilde/ud/rap/2005/0022/ddd/pdfv/265661-culture.pdf>. U.S. Embassy gets a kick out of

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University Sports: Major Development and New Perspectives

References Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft und Forschung (2009). Sportmagazin. Unisport-Special. Wien: Sportverlag Canadian Interuniversity Sport (N.N.). Programs and Services. Retrieved June, 1 st , 2010, from http://www.cisport.ca/e/about/index.cfm EUSA (2009, September.). European University Sports Newsletter 3/2009. Retrieved June, 1 st , 2010, from http://www.eusa.eu/files/media_library/newsletter/2009/nl2009_3.pdf FISU (N.N.). Fisu History

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TV Sports Viewers – Who Are They?
A Norwegian Case Study

of Central Lancashire, Lanchashire Business School. Cave, M. & Crandall, R. (2001) ‘Sports Rights and the Broadcast Industry’, The Economic Journal, 111 (February), F4-26. Cowie, C. & Williams, M. (1997) ‘The Economics of Sports Rights’, Telecommunications Policy, 21, pp. 619-634. Danielson, M.N. (1997) Home Team: Professional Sports and the American Metropolis. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ. Desbordes, M. (2006) ‘The Relationship between Sport and Television: The Case of TF1 and the 2002

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