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Variation in menarcheal age of school-aged female athletes engaged in different types of sport

sportovkyn. Teor Praxe Tel Vych 3:152–61. Kovalčikowa J, Zrubak E, Mikulova E. 1981b. Antropometricka a somatotypologicka charakteristika vrcholovych sportovkyn (II). Teor Praxe Tel Vych 10:593–603. Krawczyk B, Skład M, Majle B. 1994. Age at menarche of sportswomen of different athletic experience. Biology of Sport 11:187–95. Łaska-Mierzejewska T, Łuczak E. 1993. Biologiczne mierniki sytuacji społeczno-ekonomicznej ludności wiejskiej w Polsce w latach 1967, 1977, 1987. Monografie Zakładu Antropologii PAN, 10, Wrocław. Łaska-Mierzejewska T, Olszewska

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Somatotype and body composition of volleyball players and untrained female students – reference group for comparison in sport

. Cohen, Jacob. 2013. Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. London: Academic Press. Gualdi-Russo E, Zaccagni L. 2001. Somatotype, role and performance in elite volleyball players. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 41(2):256-62. Jagiello M, Jagiello W. 2009. Internal proportions of the body composition in members of the female national tennis team of Poland. Education. Physical Training. Sport 73(2):28-34. Jagiello W, Kalina RM, Korobielnikow G. 2007. Morphological diversification of female judo athletes. Arch

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Comparison of Different Measurement Variables Based on Hungarian Show Jumping Results

). Rank-based inverse normal transformations are increasingly used, but are they merited? Behav. Genet., 39: 580-595. Bruns E. (1981). Estimation of the breeding value of stallions from the tournament performance of their offspring. Liv. Prod. Sci., 8: 465-73. Dubois C., Ricard A. (2007). Efficiency of past selection of the French Sport Horse: Selle Francais breed and suggestions for the future. Livest. Sci., 112: 161-171. Ducro B.J. (2011). Relevance of test information in horse breeding. Thesis. Wageningen University

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The use of the water treadmill for the rehabilitation of musculoskeletal injuries in the sport horse

symmetry with the sound forelimb in both timing and intensity of the electromyographic activation, reflecting an overall improvement in their functionality, which was not observed when animals were exercised on a land treadmill ( 16 ). Up to now, the research carried out on horses with osteoarthritis has seemed to emphasise that exercise on a WT is a useful strategy to improve the functionality of the musculature of the affected limb, resulting in joint stabilisation and increased ROM. These results are very promising in sport horses because they can limit the need for

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Economic and social impact of marine sport and recreational fisheries in Croatia

REFERENCES Anagnopoulos, N. et al. (1998): Sport fisheries in eastern Mediterranean (Greece and Italy). Final Report. Project No. EC/96/018, 234. Anonymous (2013): Croatian Bureau of Statistics / Državni Zavod za Statistiku. Available at: http://www.dzs.hr . Accessed: June 2013. Anonymous (2013): Croatian National Bank / Hrvatska Narodna Banka. Available at: http://www.hnb.hr . Accessed June 2013. Arlinghaus, R., Cooke, S. J. (2005): Global impact of recreational fisheries. Science, 307, 1561–1563. Arlinghaus, R., Cooke, S. J

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Body composition and physical performance of Slovak Ice hockey players with different training approach during pre-season preparation

References Andreoli A, Marfe G, Manzi V, Sinibaldi-Salimei P. 2012. Is body cell mass a predictive index of performance in male recreational long-distance runners? Sport Sci Health 8:47-50. Bogdanis GC, Nevill ME, Boobis, LH, Lakomy, HK.. 1996. Contribution of phosphocreatine and aerobic metabolism to energy supply during repeated sprint exercise. J Appl Physiol 3:876-84. Bompa TO. 1994. Theory and methodology of training: the key to athletic performance. Kendall: Hunt. Burr JF, Jamnik RK, Baker J, Macpherson A, Gledhill N, Mcguire EJ

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Running events in Polish forests in the opinion of their participants

., Tomanek, M. 2014. The profile of a runner in mountain running competitions. Studia i Monografie AWF we Wrocławiu , 120, 88–102. Elands, B.H.M., Wiersum, K.F. 2001. Forestry and rural development in Europe: an exploration of sociopolitical discourses. Forest Policy and Economics , 3, 5–16. Getz, D., McConnell, A. 2014. Comparing trail runners and mountain bikers: motivation, involvement, portfolios and event-tourist careers. Journal of Convention and Event Tourism , 15 (1), 69–100. Gibson, H. 2005. Towards an understanding of why sport tourism do

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Pain perception of overweight forestry workers: A retrospective study on effects of an occupational training program

Abstract

Objective: Forestry work is associated with intensive musculoskeletal stress. Physical exercise reduces musculoskeletal pain, especially for people with overweight. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of a training intervention on the pain perception of overweight forestry workers. Methods: The intervention group (IG), split in an overweight (BMI (body mass index) ≥ 26 kg/m2) and a normal weight (BMI < 26 kg/m2) sample, did an occupational training intervention. The control group (CG) did no specific training program. The Nordic Questionnaire was used for ascertaining the perception of musculoskeletal pain. Results: The IG with overweight referenced a lower pain perception compared to the CG in all seven body regions. The differences in shoulder (p = 0.01, τ= 0.22) and lower back (p = 0.04, τ = 0.18) were significant. No differences could be found in the two groups with a BMI < 26 kg/m2. Conclusion: The results indicate that a specific training intervention has positive effects on the perception of pain for the workers with overweight.

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Protecting children’s health against environmental exposure to heavy metals – theory versus practice

Abstract

The high level of heavy metals is one of the main indicators of soil contamination, which is a significant risk to ecological and health safety. Lack of regulations requiring the examination of the level of contamination in the areas where recreational facilities for children are located directly translate into the lack of preventive or corrective actions and leads to the persistence of a permanent threat connected with a high level of heavy metals concentration in soils. The aim of the study was to identify significant sources of exposure of children to heavy metals depending on the location of recreational areas (sports fields). The results show a high concentration of cadmium, lead and zinc in the analysed soils. Of all samples, more than 70% of them have values exceeding the limit values of cadmium in soils. In the case of lead and zinc, the normative values were exceeded, respectively, in 44% and 64% of soil samples. Practical solutions introduced in the framework of regulations related to environmental protection do not correlate in practice with an extensive obligation to protect the health of children and adolescents, whose performance is clearly focused on medical problems, disregarding the risk resulting from environmental factors.

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The influence of the boxing stance on performance in professional boxers

strategy of handedness in major league baseball. J Comp Psychol 110:164-69. Grondin S, Guiard Y, Ivry RB, Koren S. 1999. Manual laterality and hitting performance in major league baseball. J Ex Psychol Hum 25:747-54. Grouios G, Tsorbatzoudis H, Alexandris K, Barkoukis V. 2000. Do left-handed competitors have an innate superiority in sports? Percept Mot Skills 90:1273-82. Gursoy R. 2008. Effects of left or right hand preference on the success of boxers in Turkey. Brit J Sport Med 43:142-44. Hagemann N. 2009

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