. - Moscow : Mir, 1990. - 248 p. - Russian : Клауснитцер Б. Эколо- гия городской фауны. Kolodochka, L. A., Shevchenko, O. S. Oribatid (Sarcoptiformes, Oribatei) speciescomplexes of green areas of Kyiv // Naukovi zapysky Derzhavnogo Pryrodoznavchogo Muzeu. - 2013 a. - 29. - P. 95-103. - Russian : Колодочка Л. А., Шевченко А. С. Видовые комплексы орибатид (Sarcoptiformes, Oribatei) зеленых зон города Киева. Kolodochka, L. A., Shevchenko, O. S. Diversity and community structure of oribatid mites (Acari, Oribatei) at memorial complexes of a megapolis // Vestnik zoologii
papers of Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University. Ser. Biology, 2 (59), 49–52 [In Ukrainian]. Patsyuk, M. K., 2014 b. Naked amoebae of Shatsky Lakes. Nature of Western Polissya and adjacent areas: coll. sci. pap. ed. F. V. Zuzuk. Lesya Ukrainka East European National University Lutsk, 11, 239–243 [In Ukrainian]. Patsyuk, M. K., 2014 c. Seasonal changes in speciescomplex of naked amoebae in Kamianka River (Zhytomyr). Visnyk of Zaporizhzhya National University: a collection of scientific papers. Biological sciences. Zaporizhzhya National
Species complexes of oribatid mites in soil and litter in 10 plots in green areas of different parts of Kyiv city in April-September 2011 were studied. In total, 107 species of 76 genera of 44 families of oribatids were found. Trends of seasonal fluctuations of species diversity and dominance structure of oribatids in studied plots were assessed.
Structure of species complexes of predatory phytoseiid mites (Phytoseiidae) and their distribution were studied in plant associations of Uman’ town (Cherkasy Region, Ukraine). Twelve species of seven genera of phytoseiid mites were revealed. It was observed centripetal reduction of the species diversity in the phytoseiid complexes from the outlying districts to the center of the town.
Species complexes of oribatid mites at six plots on the street lawns in one of Kyiv districts are studied. In total 27 species of 26 genera and 19 families of oribatid mites are found. Direct correlation between oribatid species diversity and the level of total soil pollution is not shown.
– the deuterotoky female progeny produced from F 0D female; c F 2D – the deuterotoky female progeny produced from F 1D female; d F 3D , the female produced from F 2D female DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION The genetic variability of onion thrips has confirmed that T. tabaci is not a single pest species but rather a cryptic speciescomplex, which is based on significant differences between the lineages regarding the mode of reproduction and host plant preferences, and that there is considerable genetic variability within the three lineages. The currently recognized
The ‘competition-relatedness’ hypothesis postulates that co-occurring taxa should be more distantly related, because of lower competition. This hypothesis has been criticized for its dependence on untested assumptions and its exclusion of other assembly forces beyond competition and habitat filtering to explain the co-existence of closely related taxa. Here we analyzed the patterns of co-occurring individuals of lichenized fungi in the Graphis scripta complex, a monophyletic group of species occurring in temperate forests throughout the Northern Hemisphere. We generated sequences for three nuclear ribosomal and protein markers (nuLSU, RPB2, EF-1) and combined them with previously generated sequences to reconstruct an updated phylogeny for the complex. The resulting phylogeny was used to determine the patterns of co-occurrences at regional and at sample (tree) scales by calculating standard effect size of mean pairwise distance (SES.MPD) among co-occurring samples to determine whether they were more clustered than expected from chance. The resulting phylogeny revealed multiple distinct lineages, suggesting the presence of several phylogenetic species in this complex. At the regional and local (site) levels, SES.MPD exhibited significant clustering for five out of six regions. The sample (tree) scale SES. MPD values also suggested some clustering but the corresponding metrics did not deviate significantly from the null expectation. The differences in the SES.MPD values and their significance indicated that habitat filtering and/or local diversification may be operating at the regional level, while the local assemblies on each tree are interpreted as being the result of local competition or random colonization.
, 1758) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecologische Nachrichten 6 : 49–59. C sősz S., S chulz A. 2010. A taxonomic review of the Palaearctic Tetramorium ferox species-complex (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zootaxa 2401 : 1–29. C sősz S., H einze J., M ikó I. 2015. Taxonomic Synopsis of the Ponto-Mediterranean Ants of Temnothorax nylanderi Species-Group. PLOS ONE 10 (11): e0140000. C sösz S., R adchenko A., S chulz A. 2007. Taxonomic revision of the Palaearctic Tetramorium chefketi speciescomplex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 1405 : 1–38. C sősz S
The Australasian region is a centre of biodiversity and endemism, mainly based on the tropical climate in combination with the large amount of islands. During the Pleistocene, islands of the Sahul Shelf (Australia, New Guinea, Aru Islands) had been part of the same land mass, while islands within the Wallacea (Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, Sulawesi etc.) remained isolated. We investigated biogeographical avian diversification patterns of two species complexes across the Wallacea and the Sahul Shelf: the Eclectus Parrot Eclectus roratus Wagler, 1832, and the Rainbow Lorikeet Trichoglossus haematodus Linnaeus, 1771. Both species are represented by a large number of described geographical subspecies. We used mitochondrial cytochrome b (cyt b) sequences for phylogenetic and network analysis to detect biogeographic roles of islands and avian diversification patterns. The number of threatened taxa in this region is increasing rapidly and there is an urgent need for (sub-)species conservation in this region. Our study provides first genetic evidence for treating several island taxa as distinct species. In both species complexes similar genetic patterns were detected. Genetic diversification was higher across the islands of the Wallacea than across the islands of the Sahul Shelf. Divergence in E. roratus can be dated back about 1.38 million years ago, whereas in the younger T. haematodus it was 0.80 million years ago. Long distance dispersal was the most likely event for distribution patterns across the Wallacea and Sahul Shelf. The geographic origin of the species-complex Eclectus roratus spp. is supposed to be Wallacean, but for the species-complex Trichoglossus haematodus spp. it is supposed to be non-Wallacean. Trichoglossus euteles, so far considered a distinct species, clearly belongs to the Trichoglossus-haematodus-complex. The only case of sympatry in the complex is the distribution of T. (h.) euteles and T. h. capistratus on Timor, which means a rapid evolution from one ancestor into two distinct species within only 800,000 years. For all other taxa a Checkerboard distribution pattern is present. In this complex, 8 taxa are already treated as separate species (del Hoyo et al. 2014). Based on genetic evidence, the following populations are supported to represent phylogenetic units: (1) N New Guinea (haematodus) incl. Biak (rosenbergii), Bismarck Archipelago (massena), and New Caledonia (deplanchii); (2) Flores (weberi); (3) E Australia (moluccanus) incl. Aru Islands (nigrogularis) and S New Guinea (caeruleiceps); (4) N Australia (rubritorquis); (5) Timor 1st lineage (capistratus) incl. Sumba (fortis); (6) Bali and Lombok (mitchellii); (7) Sumbawa (forsteni); (8) Timor 2nd lineage (euteles). Those 8 phylogenetic units are not identical to the 8 species listed by del Hoyo et al. (2014). Several populations on smaller islands are under decline, a separate species status may lead to a higher conservation status in both species complexes, which are currently listed as “Least Concern”. Eclectus roratus is currently treated as monospecific. Based on genetic evidence, the following populations are suggested being treated as valid species: (1) Sumba (Eclectus cornelia), (2) Tanimbar Islands (E. riedeli), (3) Moluccas (E. roratus), and (4) New Guinea (E. polychloros incl. Aru Islands (E. aruensis), and Solomon Island (E. solomonensis).