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Foreign Direct Investment and Special Economic Zones in Latvia

/04/1.-Benefits-and-costs-from-FDI-in-TIDZ-ENG.pdf Chakraborty, T., Gundimeda, H., & Kathuria, V. (2017). Have the Special Economic Zones Succeeded in Attracting FDI?-Analysis for India. Theoretical Economics Letters, 7, 623-642. https://doi.org/10.4236/tel.2017.73047 Desbordes, R., & Wei, S.-J. (2017). The effects Effects of financial Financial development Development on foreign Foreign direct Direct investmentInvestment. Journal of Development Economics, 127(March), 153-168. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdeveco.2017

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Social Partner Involvement in Latvia Special Economic Zones

Technology, PICMET 2014, 1040-1054. Retrieved from http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84910128544&partnerID=40&md5=30cdb94c178f6643b305c4c69e5c9fe0 Hsu, M.-S., Lai, Y.-L., & Lin, F.-J. (2013). Effects of Industry Clusters on Company Competitiveness: Special Economic Zones in Taiwan. Review of Pacific Basin Financial Markets and Policies, 16(3), 1350017. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0219091513500173 Ingstrup, M. B., & Damgaard, T. (2011). Cluster Facilitation from a Cluster Life Cycle Perspective. IMP 2011 Conference, 21(4), 1

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New modes of industrial manufacturing: India’s experience with special economic zones

References Aggarwal, A. 2006: Performance of export processing zones: a comparative analysis of India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. In: Journal of Instaflag Institute, Vol. 30, Issue, 1, World SEZ Association: Arizona USA. Aggarwal, A. 2007: Impact of special economic zones on employment, poverty and human development, New Delhi: ICRIER, Working Paper, No. 194. Amin, A. editor, 1994: Post-fordism: a reader, Oxford: Blackwell Publishers. Ananthanarayanan, S., 2008: Mechanisms of imperialism in India

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Use of Investment Areas in Special Economic Zones in Poland in the Context of Planned Legislation Changes

References A ggarwal A., 2007, Impact of Special Economic Zones on Employment, Poverty and Human Development , ICRIER, Working Paper, no. 194. A mbroziak A. A., 2009, Krajowa pomoc regionalna w specjalnych strefach ekonomicznych w Polsce [ National Regional Aid in Special Economic Zones in Poland ], Szkoła Główna Handlowa w Warszawie, Warszawa. A mbroziak A. A., H artwell C h .A., 2017, The Impact of Investments in Special Economic Zones on Regional Development: the Case of Poland , Regional Studies, doi: 10

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Tax incentives as an instrument attracting investors to Special Economic Zones

Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego 802 (2014), 29-39. Poland – a True Special Economic Zone 2013 , Ernst & Young. Retrieved from http://www.ey.com/Publication/vwLUAssets/Raport_EY_Poland_-_a_true_special_economic_zone/$FILE/Raport-Poland-a-true-special-economic-zone.pdf . Potencjał inwestycyjny. Specjalne Strefy Ekonomiczne w Polsce 2016 . Colliers International, Retrieved from http://www.colliers.com/pl-pl/-/media/files/emea/poland/reports/2016/Colliers_Raport_Specjalne_Strefy_Ekonomiczne_PL.pdf . Wang, J. (2013). The Economic Impact of Special

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The geography of openness to foreign trade in Poland: The role of special economic zones and foreign-owned entities

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to present the spatial distribution of openness to foreign trade assessed at the local level (LAU 1, poviats) in Poland, between 2005 and 2012, with particular reference to its two determinants: activity of foreign-owned enterprises (FOEs) and functioning of special economic zones (SEZs). With the use of data from different sources, including the foreign trade statistics for the Polish regions, constituting a set of indicators on openness to foreign trade, we deliberate on the determinants and the character of regional openness, as well as the quality of the proxies used in order to assess their spatial distribution. Our results indicate high regional dissimilarities in terms of export activity, correlated with the broader picture of regional inequalities. The role of FOEs has been crucial in determining the spatial distribution of exports. As regards the SEZs, their sole contribution increased significantly during the time span. In the times of the world financial crisis, the export performance diversity of poviats increased temporarily but diminished afterwards.

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Special Economic Zones (SEZs) Along the Korean Demilitarised Zone: A Feasible Pathway Towards An Accessible North Korea?

Special Economic Zones (SEZs) Along the Korean Demilitarised Zone: A Feasible Pathway Towards An Accessible North Korea?

The Demilitarised Zone (DMZ) between the Republic of Korea (RoK) and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) is judged to be the last border of the Cold War. Although no peace treaty has been signed after the Korean War, astounding changes in the South-North relations could be observed between the late 1990s and 2010. Although severe provocations of the North finally led to a new stop of a further rapprochement, the unexpected reconciliation process started in 2000 by South Korea not only led to a temporary detente, but also showed spatially manifested results. Two Special Economic Zones, one dedicated to tourism and the other to industrial production, had been established in the DPRK near the DMZ. What is the appropriate interpretation of those diffident cross-border activities which lasted for almost a decade? Were these SEZs really first successful attempts at feasible Korean cross-border cooperation? Summing up all knowledge on North-Korean SEZ policy and the general state doctrine, it seems that real cross-border cooperation could not be an option for the DPRK's current leadership, either before or after South-Korea's adoption of Sunshine Policy.

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Foreign Direct Investments in Poland - Report for the End of 2004 and New Facts

Foreign Direct Investments in Poland - Report for the End of 2004 and New Facts

Joining the European Union is regarded as a chance for Poland to improve its economic growth and to catch up the EU-15 wealth level. However, it is necessary to remember that this is going to be a difficult and long-lasting process, where success is possible only on the condition that suitable economic policy is implemented. Such policy should provide stable frameworks to support business development, attract foreign direct investments (FDI), keep the discipline in public finances and assure the right institutional ability and managerial skills to absorb the EU funds. In the study:

- FDI inflows to Poland and other new EU member states have been evaluated from the viewpoint of the size of the economy represented by its GDP per capita;

- The amount of FDI inward stock in Poland over the years 1993-2004 and its structure from the viewpoint of the investor's country of origin and sector of allocation have been evaluated (data published by PAIiIZ);

- The activity of foreign capital in special economic zones (SEZ), entrepreneurship-supporting enclaves in the regions characterised by extremely difficult socio-economic conditions, has been identified;

- FDI inflows to Poland in 2005-2007 (data published by NBP) have been presented.

According to the estimates, appropriate economic transformation in Poland and keeping a 5% economic growth rate in Poland require approx. USD 10 billion of annual FDI inflow. With regard to those forecasts, the amount of FDI inflow to Poland seems to be insufficient to keep the desired economic growth rate, and the investment incentives in the form of special economic zones do not meet expectations.

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Significance of the Wałbrzych Special Economic Zone “Invest Park” for Development of the Wałbrzych Agglomeration

Summary

Subject and purpose of work: The main goal of the article is to prove the impact of the Wałbrzych Special Economic Zone (WSSE) “Invest Park” on the development of the Wałbrzych Agglomeration region.

Materials and methods: The research carried out in 2017-2018 involved three groups of respondents: Wałbrzych Agglomeration residents, entrepreneurs and local government authorities. The study was supplemented with the information from WSSE “Invest Park”.

Results: For all three groups of respondents, WSSE “Invest Park” plays an important role in the development of the Wałbrzych Agglomeration. Its creation had the greatest impact on reducing the unemployment rate and also on improving the infrastructure. It is also important that WSSE top many rankings, gaining the first position as one of the best investment areas.

Conclusions: Establishing the WSSE in the area of the Wałbrzych Agglomeration has had a significant impact on the development of the region. This development is visible in the activities undertaken in the zone, attracting investors and creating new investment areas.

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Development and Distribution of Private Microfirms in Mid-Size Polish Towns During the Transformation Period

Abstract

The objective of the paper is to present the development and distribution of microfirms in mid-size Polish towns during the years of transformation of the political system. Research comprised towns with a population numbering from 20 thousand to 100 thousand inhabitants. According to the Central Office of Statistics reporting standards it is recognized that micro enterprises are economic entities employing up to nine people. Research has shown that a dynamic growth of microfirms took place during the transformation period in mid-size Polish towns. Majority of them came into being in towns with high tourism values located near border crossing points, along the main communication routes, on the edge of great urban-industrial agglomerations and towns located within special economic zones. On the other hand, the least number of microfirms were recorded in towns with less than 50 thousand inhabitants, usually peripherally located in a given voivodship.

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