10. Kondratowicz-Maciejewska, K., & Kobierski, M. (2011). Content of available magnesium, phosphorus and potassium forms in soil exposed to various crop rotation and fertilization. Journal of Elementology, 16(4), 543-553.
11. Li, Y., Xuendong, T., Lin, W., & Zang, Z. (2006). Effect of organic material on soilproperties, plant growth, leaf photosynthesis, nutrient uptake and mycorrhizal infection of blueberries. Acta Horticulturae, 715, 375-380.
12. Marschner, H. (1995). Mineral nutrition of higher plants (2nd ed.). London, San Diego
Bernard Gałka, Cezary Kabała, Anna Karczewska, Józef Sowiński and Justyna Jakubiec
rolniczego w dolinie Dobrej na Nizinie Śląskiej. Roczniki Gleboznawcze – Soil Science Annual 62 (1): 141–153.
Karczewska A., Bogacz A., Kabała C., Szopka K., Duszyńska D., 2006. Methodology of soil monitoring in a forested zone of the Karkonosze National Park with reference to the diversity of soilproperties. Polish Journal of Soil Science 39(2): 117–128.
Karczewska A., Kabała C., 2008. Metodyka analiz laboratoryjnych gleb i roślin. Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wrocławiu. http://www.up.wroc.pl/~kabala/Analizy2008v4.doc
Łabaz B., Bogacz A., Kabała C
of long term fertilization on soil nutritional quality under finger millet maize cropping sequences. Journal of Environmental Research And Development 7(4a): 1571.
Jaskulska I., Jaskulski D., Kobierski M., 2014. Effect of liming on the change of some agrochemical soilproperties in a long-term fertilization experiment. Plant Soil and Environment 60(4): 146–150.
Kocowicz A., 1999. Wpływ sposobu użytkowania na właściwości sorpcyjne gleb. Zeszyty Problemowe Postępów Nauk Rolniczych 467: 95–101.
Kołodziejczyk M., Antonkiewicz J., Kulig B., 2017
Jarosław Lasota, Małgorzata Wiecheć, Ewa Błońska and Stanisław Brożek
The aim of this study was to present the relationship between soil properties and biodiversity indexes in upland fir (Abies alba) forest associations (Abietetum albae). Our study was conducted in six areas representing the growth conditions of upland fir forests and the research plots were located in the Roztoczański and Świętokrzyski National Parks as well as Przedbórz, Radomsko, Piotrków and Janów lubelski Forest District. on every plot, the topography was described, soil cores were examined and samples for laboratory analysis were taken. the following characteristics were determined for the soil samples: ph, c, n, ca, Mg, na and K content, particle size, exchangeable acidity, aluminum content and hydrolytic acidity. additionally, enzyme activity in the soil samples (urease and dehydrogenase) was measured. in each test area, the stand characteristics were measured (diameter at breast height and height), floristic characteristics were described and the biodiversity indexes (Shannon, Simpson and Margalef indexes) were calculated. Different soil types (gleysols, Brunic arenosols, gleyic Podzols and hyperdistric cambisols) were recorded for the investigated forest stands and the soils were categorized according to soil texture, c content, enzyme activity and different humus types (moder-mor, moder, moder-mull). the upland mixed coniferous forest sites were characterized by lower biodiversity indexes (2.6 shannon index; 0.72 simpson index; 4.9 Margalef index) while the upland mixed broadleaf forest sites showed higher indexes (3.3 Shannon index; 0.87 Simpson index; 9.4 Margalef index). The site index obtained for the fir stands confirmed these results.
Beata Bosiacka, Helena Więcław, Paweł Marciniuk and Marek Podlasiński
The vegetation of protected salt meadows along the Baltic coast is fairly well known; however, dandelions have been so far treated as a collective species. The aim of our study was to examine the microspecies diversity of the genus Taraxacum in Polish salt and brackish coastal meadows and to analyse soil property preferences of the dandelion microspecies identified. In addition, we analysed the relations between soil properties and vegetation patterns in dandelion-supporting coastal meadows (by canonical correspondence analysis). The salt and brackish meadows along the Polish Baltic coast we visited were found to support a total of 27 dandelion microspecies representing 5 sections. Analysis of vegetation patterns showed all the soil parameters (C:N ratio, organic matter content, pH, concentration of Mg, P, K, electrolytic conductivity of the saturated soil extract ECe) to explain 32.07% of the total variance in the species data. The maximum abundance of most dandelion microspecies was associated with the highest soil fertility, moderate pH values and organic matter content, and with the lowest magnesium content and soil salinity. The exceptions were T. latissimum, T. stenoglossum, T. pulchrifolium and T. lucidum the occur-rence of which was related to the lowest soil fertility and the highest salinity. In addition, several microspecies (T. leptodon, T. gentile, T. haematicum, T. fusciflorum and T. balticum) were observed at moderate C:N ratios and ECe. Four other microspecies (T. infestum, T. cordatum, T. hamatum, T. sertatum) occurred at the lowest pH and organic matter content. The information obtained increases the still insufficient body of knowledge on ecological spectra of individual dandelion microspecies, hence their potential indicator properties.
soil cobalt to ryegrass in relation to soil cobalt and manganese status and other soilproperties. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 47(1): 33–43.
Łabętowicz J., Rutkowska B., 2001. Czynniki determinujące stężenie mikroelementów w roztworze glebowym. Postępy Nauk Rolniczych 6: 75–85.
Micó C., Li H.F., Zhao F.J., Mcgrath S.P., 2008. Use of Co speciation and soilproperties to explain variation in Co toxicity to root growth of barley ( Hordeum vulgare L.) in different soils. Environmental Pollution 156(3): 883–890.
& Francis, London, New York, Philadelphia.
Dalal R. C. & Henry R. J., 1986. Simultaneous determination of moisture, organic carbon and total nitrogen by near infrared reflectance spectrophotometry. Soil Science Society of America Journal 50: 120-123.
Dotkov I. S. & Vinogradova G. B., 1973. Koefficient otrazeniya vlaznych pochv. Pochvovedenije 11: 114-123.
Islam K., Singh B. & McBratney A. B., 2003. Simultaneous estimation of various soilproperties by ultra-violet, visible and near
Monika Jakubus, Mirosław Krzyśko, Waldemar Wołyński and Małgorzata Graczyk
Recycling of crop residues is essential to sustain soil fertility and crop production. Despite the positive effect of straw incorporation, the slow decomposition of that organic substance is a serious issue. The aim of the study was to assess the influence of winter wheat straws with different degrees of stem solidness on the rate of decomposition and soil properties. An incubation experiment lasting 425 days was carried out in controlled conditions. To perform analyses, soil samples were collected after 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 49, 63, 77, 91, 119, 147, 175, 203, 231, 259, 313, 341, 369, 397 and 425 days of incubation. The addition of two types of winter wheat straw with different degree of stem solidness into the sandy soil differentiated the experimental treatments. The results demonstrate that straw mineralization was a relatively slow process and did not depend on the degree of filling of the stem by pith. Multivariate functional principal component analysis (MFPC) gave proof of significant variation between the control soil and the soil incubated with the straws. The first functional principal component describes 48.53% and the second 18.55%, of the variability of soil properties. Organic carbon, mineral nitrogen and sum of bases impact on the first functional principal component, whereas, magnesium, sum of bases and total nitrogen impact on the second functional principal component.