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Soil transformations in catchment of disappearing Sumówko Lake (Brodnickie Lake District, Poland)

Soil transformations in catchment of disappearing Sumówko Lake (Brodnickie Lake District, Poland)

Lake disappearing is a natural process which contemporarily escalates in consequence of human activity. It is estimated that within the area of Northern Poland from the last glaciation period (ca. 17 000 years ago) a half of lakes totally have disappeared. Areas exposed after water basins desiccation have become native rocks for new soils. Reduced water level results in changes of morphology and properties of the soils situated in direct vicinity of former water basins. The aim of this study was to estimate impact of the catchment groundwater level fall on morphology and properties of direct lake catchment soils, exemplified by the lake Sumowko (Northern Poland) as well as description of new soils formed of lake sediments. The analysis covered 11 soil profiles emerging within former lake basin (newly formed soils) and soils from direct vicinity of former lake (modified through ground water level fall). Obtained results prove that newly formed soils (Limnic Histosol Drainic and Haplic Gleysol) in majority are utilized as grasslands. Soils of the former lake surroundings prove relic features of gleying while they are also subject to mucking process because of dehydration.

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The influence of grape plantations on morphogenetic diagnostic indicators of arid subtropical soils

Abstract

Results of the study showed that cultivation of the grey-brown (chestnut) and mountain brown soils under the grape plantation changes their morphogenetic and morphological characteristics in arid subtropical climatic condition. Performed cultivation caused migration of humus into the deeper soil layers. The denser horizon formed under a soft layer. This results in a change of the soil chemical structure and water-physical properties. These changes manifested themselves under irrigative condition.

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Influence of human activities on the soils of Debrecen, Hungary

Abstract

Soil profiles of the city centre of Debrecen were investigated in order to examine their properties and investigate the vertical distribution of heavy metals as a measure the anthropogenic activity. During the laboratory work the basic soil features were identified (texture, artefact content, pH, CaCO3, and amounts of organic matter). Furthermore, contents of Pb, Zn, Cu and Co in the soils were measured. Most of the metals showed a strong positive correlation with the humus content and the silt fraction. The soils of the city centre are exposed to a significant anthropogenic effect, therefore the original soil morphologies are usually difficult to identify. The soil profiles are greatly disturbed, which is traceable in the vertical distribution of certain soil features and metal contents.

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Temporal water table changes in soil toposequence of the Poznań Lakeland (western Poland)

on groundwater level fluctuations. Journal of Hydrology 332: 348–360. Kędziora A., 2008. Bilans wodny krajobrazu konińskich kopalni odkrywkowych w zmieniających się warunkach klimatycznych. Roczniki Gleboznawcze – Soil Science Annual 59(2): 104–118. Khan F., Fenton T., 1994. Saturated zones and soil morphology in a Mollisol catena of central Iowa. Soil Science Society of America Journal 58: 1457–1464. Komisarek J., 2000. Kształtowanie się właściwości gleb płowych i czarnych ziem oraz chemizmu wód gruntowych w katenie falistej Pojezierza

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Preliminary studies on the influence of dune-slope exposure on a pine forest ecosystem in the Toruń Basin

Ekspozycja stoków wydm w Kotlinie Toruńskiej a wybrane elementy ekosystemu boru sosnowego - wstępne wyniki badań

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Indicators of pedogenesis of Technosols developed in an ash settling pond at the Bełchatów thermal power station (central Poland)

. Properties of soil materials derived from fly ash 11 years after revegetation of postmining excavation. Catena 133: 250–254. Weber J., Kocowicz A., Dębicka M., Jamroz E., 2017. Changes in soil morphology of Podzols affected by alkaline fly ash blown out from the dumping site of an electric power plant. Journal of Soils and Sediments 17(7): 1852–1861. Widera M., Kasztelewicz Z., Ptak M., 2016. Lignite mining and electricity generation in Poland: The current state and future prospects. Energy Policy 92: 151–157. Zikeli S., Jahn R., Kastler M., 2002. Initial

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Characterization of some physical and chemical properties of post-bog soils developed from limnic deposits in vicinity of lake Dubie (Western Pomerania, NW Poland)

–191. Dawson Q., Kechavarzi C., Leeds-Harrison P.B., Burton R.G.O., 2010. Subsidence and degradation of agricultural peatlands in the Fenlands of Norfolk, UK. Geoderma 154: 181–187. Dobrowolski R., Ziółek M., Bałaga K., Melke J., Bogucki A., 2010. Radiocarbon age and geochemistry of the infillings of small closed depressions from Western Polesie (Poland SE, Ukraine NW). Geochronometria 36: 39–46. Ewing J.M., Verpaskas M.J., Broome S.W., White J.G., 2012. Changes in wetland soil morphological and chemical properties after 15, 20, and 30 years of agricultural

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Dataset for Creating Pedotransfer Functions to Estimate Organic Liquid Retention of Soils

Lenhard, R .J., Parker, J. C., 1987. Measurement and prediction of saturation-pressure relations in three phase porous media systems. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology 1. 407-424. DOI: 10.1016/0169-7722(87)90017-9 Leverett, M. C. 1941. Capillary behavior in porous solids. Transactions of the Society of Petroleum Engineers . American Institute of Mechanical Engineers 142, 152-169. Lilly, A. 2010. A hydrological classification of UK soils based on soil morphological data. 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Soil Solutions for a

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Chemical properties of organic soils developed from lacustrine chalk near the lakes Strzeszowskie, Sitno, and Sierakowo (Western Pomerania, north Poland)

., Melke J., Bogucki A., 2010. Radiocarbon age and geochemistry of the infillings of small closed depressions from Western Polesie (Poland SE, Ukraine NW). Geochronometria 36: 39–46. Ewing J.M., Verpaskas M.J., Broome S.W., White J.G., 2012. Changes in wetland soil morphological and chemical properties after 15, 20, and 30 years of agricultural production. Geoderma 179–180: 73–80. Glooschenko W.A., 1982. Sediment trace metal chemistry of second marsh, Oshawa, Ontario. Wetlands 2: 207–15. Grzywna A., 2014. Ocena zasobności gleb torfowo-murszowych zlewni

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