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Relationship between Soil Management System and Cultivar in Black Currant (Ribes nigrum L.)

Summary

This experiment evaluated the effect of soil management systems in a black currant planting on the generative potential (number of flowers per inflorescence, number of berries per cluster and yield per bush), physical attributes of the cluster and fruit (berry weight and cluster weight) and chemical properties of the fruit (soluble solids content, total sugars, titratable acidity, total anthocyanins, total phenolic content and vitamin C) of black currant cultivars. Three soil management systems were used: treatment I – bare fallow i.e. continuous tillage; treatment II – sawdust mulch, and treatment III – black polyethylene foil mulch. Four black currant cultivars were included - ‘Ben Lomond’, ‘Titania’, ‘Čačanska crna’ and ‘Tiben’. The soil management systems had a significant effect on the tested parameters. The cultivars also showed highly significant differences. Soil management system x cultivar interactions were observed for generative potential, and physical properties of the cluster and fruit, but not for fruit chemical traits, except in the soluble solids content.

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The Influence of the Type of Soil Management on Their Buffer Properties

Wpływ Sposobu Użytkowania Na Właściwości Buforowe Gleb

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Soil Organic-Matter in Water-Stable Aggregates Under Different Soil-Management Practices

.1016/j.agee.2008.11.013 ŠIMANSKÝ, V. 2013. Soil organic matter in water-stable aggregates under different soil management practices in a productive vineyard. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, vol. 59 , no. 9, pp. 1207–1214. DOI: 10.1080/03650340.2012.708103 ŠIMANSKÝ, V. – BAJČAN, D. 2014. The stability of soil aggregates and their ability of carbon sequestration. In Soil & Water Research , vol. 9 , no. 3, pp. 111–118. ŠIMANSKÝ, V. – POLLÁKOVÁ, N. 2012. Use of “progressive” soil organic matter parameters for studying of its changes in

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Changes in Soil Organic Matter Parameters during the Period of 18 Years Under Different Soil Management Practices

& Tillage Research , vol. 57 , no. 1–2, pp. 43–52. DOI: 10.1016/S0167-1987(00)00141-0 ŠIMANSKÝ, V. 2014. Ako hnojenie ovplyvňuje zadržiavanie uhlíka v pôde? [How fertilization affects carbon sequestration in the soil?]. In Agrochémia , vol. 54 , no. 2, pp. 13–17. ŠIMANSKÝ, V. 2017. Is the period of 18 years sufficient for an evaluation of changes in soil organic carbon under a variety of different soil management practices? In Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis , vol. 48 , no. 1, pp. 37–42. DOI: 10.1080/00103624.2016.1253717 ŠOLTYSOVÁ

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Yield Potentiality of Maize as Relay Crop with T. Aman Rice under Different Agronomic Management

Abstract

The experiment was conducted at the Regional Agricultural Research Station, BARI, Ishwardi, Pabna, Bangladesh, during 2013-2014 and 2014-2015 to introduce maize as relay crop with T. Aman rice under different agronomic practices for determine the production potentials. The experiment was design split plot with three replications. The agronomic management practices included four plant spacing viz. S1=75 cm×20 cm (66666 plants/ha), S2=60 cm×20 cm (83333 plants/ha), S3=50 cm×20 cm (100000 plants/ha) and S4=40 cm×20 cm (125000 plants/ha) and four soil management practices viz. M1=soil mulching at 25 DAE, M2=earthing up at 25 DAE, M3=straw mulching at 25 DAE and M4= without earthing up and mulching (control). Seeds were relayed by dibbling manually in 10 days before the harvest of T. Aman rice. Results showed that an increasing plant spacing increased leaf area Index (LAI), total dry matter (TDM), crop growth rate (CGR) and light energy interception (LEI). Grain yield was higher in S3 spacing (8.44 t/ha) than others (S4 8.11 t/ha, S2 7.34 t/ha and S1 6.89 t/ha). Among the soil management practices, M2 increased LAI, TDM, CGR, LEI as well as grain yield. Moreover, M2 and M1 gave similar grain yield (8.22 t/ha and 8.02 t/ha), that were significantly greater than other two soil management practices (M3 7.55 t/ha and M4 6.98 t/ha). From the economic point of view, combination of S3M1 gave better performance with gross margin of Tk. 95000/ha and BCR of 2.17. On the basis of results, S3M1 combination was suitable for growing maize under relay sowing with T. Aman rice.

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The effects of soil management practices on soil organic matter changes within a productive vineyard in the Nitra viticulture area (Slovakia)

Review. In Eurasian Soil Science , vol. 46 , pp. 355–368. DOI: 10.1134/S106422931304011X SHANG, W. – WU, X. – ZHAO, L. – YUE, G. – ZHAO, Y. – QIAO, Y. – LI, Y. 2016. Seasonal variations in labile soil organic matter fractions in permafrost soils with different vegetation types in the central Qinghai–Tibet Plateau. In Catena , vol. 137, pp. 670–678. DOI: 10.1016/j.catena.2015.07.012 ŠIMANSKÝ, V. – POLLÁKOVÁ, N. 2014. Soil organic matter and sorption capacity under different soil management practices in a productive vineyard. In Archives of Agronomy and

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Effect of Soil Management Systems on the Vegetative Growth Potential of Black Currant (Ribes nigrum L.) Cultivars

Summary

This experiment evaluated the effect of soil management systems on the vegetative growth potential of black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) cultivars. Three soil management systems were used: I – bare fallow i.e. continuous tillage; II – sawdust mulch, and III – black polyethylene foil mulch. Six black currant cultivars were included: ‘Ben Lomond’, ‘Ben Sarek’, ‘Titania’, ‘Čačanska Crna’, ‘Tisel’ and ‘Tiben’. The highest values of vegetative growth parameters were obtained in 'Čačanska Crna' and 'Ben Lomond' and the lowest in 'Ben Sarek'. Bare fallow and sawdust mulch treatments showed no differences in the tested parameters, whereas significantly lower values were recorded under foil mulch treatment.

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Results From Recent Traffic Systems Research And The Implications For Future Work

Abstract

This paper reviews the results of recent traffic systems research and concludes that the evidence shows that with sufficient ingenuity by farmers and their equipment suppliers to match operating and wheel track widths, the traffic management systems that reduce soil compaction should improve crop yield, reduce energy consumption and improve infiltration rates (which will reduce runoff, erosion and flooding). These together will improve agronomic, economic and environmental sustainability of agriculture. Low ground pressure alternatives may well be the option that best suits some farming enterprises and should not be discounted as viable traffic management methods. The paper also considers the implications for further work to improve the robustness of the experimental data.

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Forms of Lead in Profiles of Differently Use Soil

Abstract

In order to determine the influence of intensive horticulture on the amount of lead and its fraction contents, there were selected soil profiles from following objects to be researched: house gardens and allotment gardens from town areas and arable field on the outskirts of the town. It has not been determined that there is any influence of manner usage on total lead content as well as its distribution in soil profiles. The fractionation composition has created the following series: fraction IV > fraction III > fraction II > fraction I. The manner of usage has influenced the content and distribution the III fraction of lead connected with organic matter. Humus horizons of garden soils is characterized as the highest in its content.

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INSPIRATION for Sustainable Soil and Land Use Management in Austria

use and soil management research action – INSPIRATION” to develop a strategic research agenda (SRA) for sustainable land use and soil management in Europe ( Grimski et al., 2018 ). The aim of the project was to identify transnational and interdisciplinary research needs to establish this SRA for Europe and to improve the use of knowledge referring to the soil–water system. The project applied a coordinated and structured cross-national stakeholder process to prepare a transnational network of funders to implement the SRA (Bartke, Boekhold, et al., 2018). This

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