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Alina Chicoș, Alina Huzui-Stoiculescu and Georgiana Toth
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The significance of research on socialvulnerability has greatly increased in the last two decades. There are two identifiable strands of research that have emerged in both conceptual and empirical work on socialvulnerability: development research and risk and hazard research. In both cases many different approaches and concepts have been developed, some of which differ greatly from one another. Current research is thus characterised by a certain lack of clarity in terms of definitions and concepts (see Birkmann 2006a : 16), partly
/Erzgebirge (Czech Republic, Germany). In: 15th EMS Annual Meeting & 12th European Conference on Applications of Meteorology (ECAM).
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PFISTER, C., BRÁZDIL, R. (2006): Socialvulnerability to climate in the "Little Ice Age": an example from Central Europe in the early 1770s. Climate of the Past, 2: 115
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Okunevičiūtė Neverauskienė L., Moskvina J. (2008), Socialiai pažeidžiamo jaunimo problemos integracijos į darbo rinką kontekste [Problems of sociallyvulnerable youth in the context of labour market integration] In Filosofija. Sociologija
Miroslawa Czerny, Hildegardo Córdova-Aguilar and Anna Rzucidło
Empirical research into social vulnerability – and into strategies that allow people to persist or secure their existence – has most often concerned itself with peripheral, poorly-developed regions with a long history of shortages; frequently even ones in which a failure to solve socio-political problems over decades or even centuries, manifests itself in a permanent crisis. One such region is north–western Peru, presented in this article by the authors who have proceeded on the assumption that the socioeconomic development of the country’s mountainous areas (including Frías, the district selected for study) not only reflects a peripheral location as regards central areas of Peru and the department of Piura, but is also an outcome of the workings of political and environmental factors that do not help sustain (or in many cases even obstruct) processes of development.
People with disabilities are one of the socially vulnerable groups in the labor market. The main reason for this negative trend is the lack of integrated work environment that creates conditions for equal exercise of their right to work. At national level, the main piece of legislation which governs the right of an integrated work environment is the Law on Integration of People with Disabilities. The integration of the work environment is crucial for ensuring the opportunity for employment and professional realization of people with disabilities. Namely the professional realization of the labor market is one of the main mechanisms for the overall integration of this social group in various spheres of public life, which is set as a priority objective in the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
Macroeconomic dynamics and the at-risk-of-poverty population in Slovakia
This paper deals with analysis and presentation of the core findings under the EU SILC 2009 project. Particularly we are oriented on study of the socially vulnerable groups of population identified according their income situation. As a sorting criterion for this purpose we use the standard methodology set by OECD and Eurostat. It means the 60% of the national median equivalized disposable income is applied for this criterion as the poverty threshold. The national income variable is firstly calculated as a total income for each surveyed household and dived by the equivalized size of household. By this procedure the households of various structures are transformed onto generally accepted scale. The special attention of our study is oriented on the cluster of population living on income below the poverty threshold. For this population we calculate so called social deficit. Through this value we show the volume of financial means needed to upgrade the living standard of the population living bellow poverty threshold at least to the poverty threshold level.
Special section of the paper is devoted to study of relation among the core macroeconomic indicators (GDP per capita and GDP annual growth) and level and size of the at-risk-of-poverty population during the period of last economic development, including both economic growth and economic recession. According our tentative findings we did not find the significant impact of economic growth on the status of socially vulnerable population. This finding however should be studied in broader context, with longer time series of relevant data and with broader set of explanatory variables.
), Conceptual approaches to strategic planning , ‘Chernivtsi University Scientific Herald’, Chernivtsi National University, Ukraine, issue 592.
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