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Extracurricular Sport Activities and their Importance in Children Socialization and Integration Process


The importance of sports activities nowadays is showing their effects on the future development of children, extracurricular activities come in the help of the physical education teacher with benefits on children's development. Our study focuses on revealing the importance of extracurricular sports activities in the process of children's socialization and integration. The research sample was formed from two different groups, the experimental group was formed by 25 students (age 10 ± 2.1 years, 13 boys, and 12 girls), that practiced 2 hours a week physical education and other 2 hours a week extracurricular activities like basketball and volleyball; and the sample group formed by 24 students (age 10 ± 1.8 years, 12 boys and 12 girls), that practiced 2 hours a week classic physical education. The results showed us that extracurricular activities have a good impact on children's socialization and integration, the experimental group improved their coefficient of group cohesion from 0.04 at the initial testing to 0.06 at the final test, and the index of cohesion from 0.02 at the initial test to 0.05 at the final testing. Significant differences were found within the experimental group both in the initial and in the final tests (p < 0.05), also significant differences were discovered between the experimental and the sample group in the final measurement (p < 0.05). Conclusions of this research presented that the experimental group had good improvements of cohesion and social integration of children, showing that extracurricular sport activities have a positive impact on improving socialization, developing cohesion and integrate the marginalized children in the social group.

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Vulnerability Through Resilience?
An Example of the Counterproductive Effects of Spatially Related Governance in Hamburg-Wilhelmsburg

generally speaking the peaceful coexistence of very different population groups in Wilhelmsburg owes much to the engagement and prudence of many individuals and groups" ( Dietz 2008 : 110; own translation; on the contribution of the immigrant associations in Wilhelmsburg to social integration see also Hahn 2008 : 121 f. and 124). Such findings underline the central role played in local social integration processes by the socio-spatially committed actors interviewed. and robust self-confidence among its inhabitants. It is thus not by chance that the White Book of the

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