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Sport presents itself as a social configuration that enhances social inclusion by promoting tolerance, respect for others, cooperation, loyalty and friendship, and values associated with fair play, the most important ethical principles of sport. However, intolerance and exclusion can also be expressed in sport, certainly even more so the bigger the social inequalities and the ethnic, religious, gender, disability, and sexual orientation prejudices are in society. The processes of social exclusion, integration, and inclusion are research areas in the social sciences with consolidated knowledge, namely in the study of the problems of poverty, social inequalities, racial and ethnic discrimination, disability, and education. However, it is necessary to discuss the existing theoretical approaches and conceptions seen as explanatory principles of the reality of these fields of analysis, look at how they can frame the reality on the sports field, and then confirm them through empirical research in order to produce knowledge based on the reality of social facts. Despite the broad consensus on the potential of sport in promoting social inclusion, in this paper I stress that this potential can only become real if the orientation of sport includes strategies aimed at achieving these goals. I intend to show how the –social issue‖ in the field of sports has gained relevance in the institutional context, and thereby a new field of research for the social science of sport has been opened and needs to be deepened.

consider inclusiveness of the poor ( Watson 2009 ). Therefore, it is necessary to understand the potential of an inclusionary housing policy to promote social justice and supply affordable housing for the low income bracket in cities in developing countries. Aims and methods The current research investigates whether it is possible to provide “inclusionary housing” as an urban planning instrument designed to ensure the provision of affordable housing and social inclusion in developing cities in the South. This is case study research, which has selected Dhaka, the capital

in the Balkans and Turkey: Networking Regional Experience, Gembloux, Belgium. City Assembly of Jagodina, 2011. Available at (07 July 2011). EC, 2011. European Commission. Available at (21 May, 2011). ENRD.- European Network for Rural Development, 2010. Brussels: EC. Available at (11 August, 2011). EU Rural Review - Employment and Social Inclusion N°6. Brussels: EC, European Network for Rural Development, 2010. Hill, B., et al., 2005. The New Rural Economy: Change, Dynamism and Government

frequently presented as a means of addressing social exclusion both through the inclusive nature of the partnership structure and through the local nature of the partnership, which is perceived to allow excluded groups greater access than does a centralised policy ( Shortall 2004 : 113). However, the key question is: are LAGs, which in theory have social inclusion outcomes at their core, truly effective tools for social inclusion? This article discusses the effectiveness of area-based partnerships as tools for solving social exclusion problems in the Kujawsko

:// [4 July 2017]. O’Connor, S. (2001). Review of the poverty proofing process. Dublin: National Economic and Social Council. Pops, G. M., & Pavlak, T. J. (1991). The case for justice. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Sean O’Riordain and Associates. (2011). Final report on the poverty impact assessment support programme for local authority social inclusion units. Dublin: Department of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs. Stears, M. (2012). The case for a state that supports relationships, not a relational state. In G. Cooke & R. Muir (Eds), The relational


The objective of the paper is to review some of the healthcare policy issues of Romania and identify those challenges which may be addressed through social intervention. Based on statistical data, documents, reports and applicable laws one will review the health condition of Romanian population and the state of the national health system, and will examine the broad strategies and policies currently under the scrutiny of appropriate ministries. The findings of the study suggest looking at health policies also through the lens of social inclusion.

Challenging Times. WHO. 50 pp. Fourie, I. (2007). Public libraries addressing social inclusion: how we may think… In: Proceedings of the World Library and Information Congress: 73rd IFLA General Conference and Council, 19–23 August, Durban, South Africa. Available at: (accessed 15.04.2015). Elo, A. L., Leppanen, A., Lindstrom, K., Ropponen, T. (1992). Occupational Stress Questionnaire User’s Instruction . Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki. 47 pp. Golubic, R., Milosevic, M., Knezevic, B., Mustajbegovic, J. (2009


The aim of the article is to present a case study of the implementation of innovative social investment in the area of social inclusion. The case study analysed, namely the project Assistance from „A” to „Z”Professional activation of homeless people from Wroclaw Circle St. Brother Albert Aid Society, refers to the social and vocational integration of homeless people at the municipal level in Poland. The authors hypothesize that innovative social investments are key to the success of the policy of social inclusion, which requires new, innovative ideas to empower people at risk of exclusion.

The article uses the case study method and the method of desk research, in which an analysis of the strategy documents, source materials and activities was carried out. The results were subjected to critical analysis, using the achievements of research in the field of social investment, social innovation and social inclusion policy. The paper is the result of partial studies carried out within the framework of the research project Innovative Social Investment: Strengthening communities in Europe (InnoSI), financed by the EU Research and Innovation programme Horizon 2020.

As a result, one has to consider the question “What works?”. The analysis showed the accompaniment method to be the most effective tool in the project’s actions and one which may be disseminated as a recommendation for social investment. The question “How?” brought evidence that the existing set of activities and their sequence (integrity and complexity) was appropriate, necessary and effective from the perspective of beneficiaries, the Wroclaw Circle St. Brother Albert Aid Society and stakeholders. Considering the question “In what circumstances?”, the key element was related to the leadership offered by the Wroclaw Circle St. Brother Albert Aid Society, which was running the implementation of the project. As a conclusion, one can formulate the cautious thesis that the outcomes can to some extent be generalized, particularly at the level of other local entities in Poland or in other countries/regions of Central and Eastern Europe, which have a similar welfare model (e.g. the Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia).


In any society, regardless of its homogeneity and heterogeneity, there are minority groups, or those that require special attention and treatment because of their social and cultural characteristics, physical appearance, or because they have a lifestyle which differs from the dominant group and this causes them to be allocated the social status of minorities. The ongoing transformation of the economy since 1989 is now a major effect which continues to affect economic development. The planned economy and socialist market economy was replaced with the principles of free enterprise and the market mechanism. The market economy is closely tied to the labor market, which we view as the meeting point of labor supply with labor demand, resulting in labor costs - or wages. Position in the labor market is one of the most important factors through which an individual integrates into the social fabric.

The aim of this scientific article is to describe the role of the media and outline its potential use in order to achieve changes in behavior and increase education levels in socially marginalized environments and resulting in greater social inclusion.


The paper concerns the relation between revitalisation projects and socio-economic polarisation, and discusses the potential of new urban spaces for social inclusion. The phenomenon is considered on the example of recreational facilities that have emerged from brownfields located in the Ruhr region (Germany). It was ascertained that the diversity of implemented projects was important in terms of the significance of revitalisation processes for social polarisation tendencies. It allowed regional authorities to create income-generating facilities and spaces that can be used regardless of income, and to resolve deficits in urban recreational facilities. It was also noted that the Ruhr examples could provide guidance for the recently begun revitalisation processes in the Upper Silesian industrial area (Poland).