For the past four years autonomous spaces that vary in nature but are run by virtually the same group of people have been operating in Kaunas, Lithuania. In the Lithuanian context, they are one of the most prominent recent attempts at continuous radical leftist political infrastructure. In the Central and Eastern European context, they are peculiar for not being connected to public housing struggles. This article draws an outline of their modes of operation and paradigmatic shifts by examining their history as well as theoretical and sociological material and using extensive interviews conducted with participants. Awareness of the complicated relation between meaningful separation and broader participation is suggested as a reflexive means of becoming hubs of political involvement.
The aim of this article is to discuss “the Children’s Week” event organised from 1926 by the Polish Childcare Committee, which was the prototype of today’s Children’s Day and Mother’s Day. This issue has not been the subject of scientific analysis. The aim, meaning and course of “the Children’s Week” in the Second Republic of Poland were analysed based on the interwar sources’ materials. This holiday was one of the social events organised by the Polish Childcare Committee, which, as a body of the Ministry of Labour and Social Care, was responsible for improving health and social conditions of children and teenagers. Therefore, it organised care units for mothers and children, published scientific papers, propagated tasks related to the care of children and teenagers, and organised and conducted exemplary care institutions. “The Children’s Week” was a social event, which aim was to make Poles more interested in the situation of children and teenagers. For seven days the importance of proper care of the youngest children in a rebuilding country was emphasised. Every day was devoted to education or upbringing issues as well as the functioning of schools and social centres. The Children’s Day was on the first day of the event, and the Mother’s Day on the last. “The Children’s Week” in the Second Republic of Poland proceeded in accordance with the programme prepared by the Polish Childcare Committee. Each Voivodeship office tailored the programme to their capabilities and regional conditions. Despite the criticism it attracted, “the Children’s Week” was an extremely important social event, which was supported by pedagogical authorities, among others, Janusz Korczak. Annually, the public attention was focused on childcare-related issues for seven days. This event was in line with the European trends at that time, in which children’s rights and freedoms were gaining more and more supporters.
Classical Chinese. In Takashima Ken’ichi & Jiang Shaoyu (eds.), Meaning and form: Essays in pre-modern Chinese grammar and semantics , 91–210. München: Lincom Europa. Wang Li (ed.). 2000. Gu Hanyu Zidian [Dictionary of Old Chinese]. Beijing: Zhonghua Shuju. Yue, Anne O. 1999. The so-called pivotal construction in pre-Qin Chinese. In Alain Peyraube & Chaofen Sun (eds.), In honor of Mei Tsulin: Studies on Chinese historical syntax and morphology , 327–360. Paris: Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Centre de Recherches Linguistiques sur l’Asie Orientale. Zhu
References BELNIAK S., 2008, A Partnership of Public and Private Sectors as a Model for the Implementation of Urban Revitalization Projects, Journal Of European Real Estate Research, Vol. 1, No. 2. BODNAR J., 2015, Reclaiming Public Space, Urban Studies, September 2015, Vol. 52, No. 12, pp. 2090-2104. COLLET A., 2012, Montreuil, <<le 21e arrondissement de Paris>>? La gentrification ou la fabrication d’un quartier ancient de centre-ville, Actes de la recherché en Sciences Sociales, Centre-villes, modèles, lutes, pratiques, décembre 2012, 195, SEUIL, pp. 13
. _____. 1994. “Het heilsperspectief van de Verlichting. Een refl ectie bij het 25-jarig bestaan van de Werkgroep 18e Eeuw.” Documentatieblad werkgroep Achttiende eeuw. Jaargang 1994: 121-132. Dalen-Oskam, Karina van. 2013. De stijl van R. Amsterdam: Vossiuspers UvA. Eijnatten, Joris van. 1993. God, Nederland en Oranje: Dutch Calvinism and the Search for the SocialCentre. Kampen: Kok. Frijhoff, Willem. 2010. Meertaligheid in de gouden eeuw: Een verkenning. Amsterdam: KNAW Press. Grijzenhout, Frans. 2013. “Sneeuwballen tegen de macht: Politieke satire omstreeks 1800.” Het
(Eds.), Place attachment (pp.63-86). New York: Plenum. Cobb, E. (1977). The ecology of imagination in childhood . New York: Columbia University. Corsaro, W. M. (2015). The sociology of childhood (4 th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Freeman, C. (2010). Children’s neighbourhoods, socialcentres to ‘terra incognita’. Children’s Geographies , 8 (2), 157-176. Green, C. (2011). A place of my own: Exploring preschool children’s special places in the home environment. Children, Youth, and Environment , 21 (2), 118-144. Green, C. (2013). A sense of autonomy in young
former East and might in the future provide
interesting insights in comparative or stand-alone frameworks.1
Squatting in Europe covers a lot of ground. Among other topics, historical,
theoretical, and ideological bases for the emergence, proliferation, and
development of: squatting; decision making structures in occupied socialcenters;
the particularities of rural squatting and its economic aims and consequences; the
relation of squatting to various state and market initiatives of urban renewal; inter-
squat mobility; criminalization, commercialization
private Irish nursing homes – a bootstrap DEA approach Health Care Management Science 21 3 326 – 347 10.1007/s10729-016-9389-8 Malíková, E. (2011). Péče o seniory v pohybových sociálních zařízeních [Senior Care in SocialCentres]. Praha, Czech Republic: Grada Publishing. Malíková E. 2011 Péče o seniory v pohybových sociálních zařízeních [Senior Care in SocialCentres] Praha, Czech Republic Grada Publishing Maslihatin, T. (2016). Balanced scorecard: Performance measurement for e-government. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology 90(2), 116