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Internationalisation of education and student mobility (incoming and outgoing) has become a significant factor in the sphere of higher education. These processes lead to interaction between local students and exchange students, as well as between exchange students and host universities. Being in the foreign country for a certain period (one or two semesters) requires some cultural and social adaptation that could or could not be problematic for various reasons. In order to maximise benefits for the exchange students and host universities, it is important to identify existing problems and to offer possible solutions. The aim of the current paper is to research the critical aspects of cultural adaptation process of ERASMUS students in Latvia. The international group that consists of a professor of the University College of Economics and Culture and three exchange students from Italy and Spain carried out the research. The empirical methods used were the following: a survey of ERASMUS students (non-probability purposive sampling) and semi-structured interviews with the host university ERASMUS coordinators. The data processing methods were the descriptive statistics as well as the thematic content analysis. On the basis of critical issues identified during the research process, the authors worked a set of practical solutions aimed at the host institutions.

PERSONAL AND SOCIAL ADAPTATIONS AN INTERVIEW WITH JILLIAN ST. JACQUES BY LAURENCE RAW Jillian St. Jacques teaches at the College of Liberal Arts at Oregon State University. An adaptation scholar in his own right, his presentations have caused a stir at the Popular Culture Conferences in Albuquerque over the last two years. This interview with Laurence Raw explains why: LR [Laurence Raw]: Without going into too much detail, how has the experience of adapting to alternative sexualities affected your sense of self- esteem, as well as your perception of


The first part of this study, explored by Ashley Popp, presents an investigation into a relatively unexamined area of physical education: an analysis of a transcultural phenomenon in the history of dance. Data has been collected from primary sources and archival evidence to assess competing ideologies inherent in the transformation of a particular art form. In the analysis of the cultural migration through which belly dance was transferred from the Middle East to the United States, an adaptive reaction to the hegemonic relationships of culture, race, gender, and class has been observed. Beyond performance aesthetics, links have been made between the act of belly dancing and the building of women’s self-esteem, as researched by Chia-Ju Yen. The main purpose of her study was to explore how facial burn patients cope with disfigurement and the unfriendly attitudes of others, and examines the alteration of body image via inspiration provided by the performance of belly dance. This research was conducted from the perspective of an anthropologically thickdescription research method, and a case study was performed using in-depth interviews, including narratives by a woman who had suffered facial injuries. The results of the research showed that through family support, hard work and a decisive and studious personality, the patient was able to cope with the discriminatory attitude of others. The performance of belly dance not only made her emphasize her body, but also enriched her life.


The purpose of this study is to identify and analyze the methods for increasing the volume of Inward Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Pakistan. Two different approaches are investigated: firstly, identifying the main barriers to investing in Pakistan, and secondly, examining the key success factors (KSFs) of the top FDI recipients in the world. Both parametric and non-parametric statistical analyses are applied. The study findings provide guidance to the implementation of common KSFs for increasing inward FDI. The paper discusses cultural barriers in developing markets for investors’ collective performance, the consequence and significance of cultural barriers in emerging markets, and the requirement for social adaptation for successfully attract inward FDI in developing counties. This paper identifies and proposes suggestions for resolving the internal problems of Pakistan’s investment climate that act as impediments to increased FDI volume.


Objective. The aim of the study was to determine the association of family violence with the functioning of the family system, psychological functioning and development of specific characteristics of the adolescents who grew up in a violent families. Methods. The study was carried out on a sample of 308 adolescents, aged 15–18, divided in a FV group of adolescents coming from dysfunctional families (n = 68) adolescents who grew up in-violent families and were exposed to family violence, which was reported and processed, and a control group (n = 240) adolescents from families in which according to the CPRS-R Questionnaire there was not found any form of violence, alcoholism or any other psychosocial pathology. FACES III Scale and Questionnaire for the examination of psychosocial characteristics of the adolescents and family (Revised CPRS-R) were used for measuring dimensions of family functioning, Cybernetic model of personality dimensions (CON-6) for conative functioning of the adolescents, Теst for reasoning images (TRI) for measuring intellectual development and the Scale of Latent Maturity (SLM) for determining the level of psychological maturity. The data were processed by using linear regression analysis. Results. Family functioning disorders caused by family violence were significantly and highly associated with psychological functioning of the adolescents: concern about family relationships (β =-.968), need for professional help (β =-.873), cooperation with people (β =.523), orientation towards the future (β =.669), latent maturity (β =.618), psychosomatic reactions (β =-.509), dissociative reactions (β =-.591), excused absence from school (β =.618), unexcused absence from school (β =-.824), memory disorders (β =-.541), night fears (β =- 722), running away from home (β =-.569), breaking rules and getting punished at school (β =-.569), conflicts with peers (β =-.460). Conative functioning of the adolescents exposed to a violent family environment showed a pathological form of functioning in dissociative, anxiety reactions and social adaptability. Conclusion. Exposure of adolescents to a violent family environment was associated with changes in psychological functioning, development of specific personality characteristics and risk of developing internalized and externalized symptoms when it came to social-adaptation, anxiety and dissociative reactions. The mediators between family violence and psychological functioning and development of the adolescents was family cohesion and disorders within the marital dyad.

адаптации детей-сирот в г. Москве [Social adaptation of adolescents and youth m a market economy (Vol.3): Status and prospects of labor adaptation of orphans in Moscow]. Москва: «Перспектива» и «ЦПОн ММР». (in Russian) 7. S-я сессия ВСНП 10-зо созыва и 3-я сессия ВК НІІКСК 10-го созыва [3rd Session of the 10th NPC Standing Committee convocation and the third session of the CPPCC 10th convocation]. (2012). Retrieved 14.10.2013 from: http:. ,, kz.chireseeinbassy,cagrusztbdlianghuilianghuidangantl57953.htm (in Russian) 8. Han W. (2012). Why do we have orphans. China Today

, Vinjarskaja I V. The new approach in a complex estimation of state of health of children with use of criterion of quality of life. Problems of social hygiene, health services and history of medicine. 2007;5:16-7. 30. Bahadova EV. The new approach to definition of health of children with application of a technique of an estimation of quality of life [Internet]. Moskow: Vestnik. []. 31. Tcybulskaja IS, Bahadova EV. Medical-biologic and social adaptation in population of children in modern conditions (specifications and deviations). Moskow: RIO CNIIOIZ; 2006

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