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Microstructural Characterisation of Archeologic Finds Discovered at the Ironworks in Mădăraș

Abstract

In the middle of the 16th century the ironworks of Mădăraș was one of the important centres of iron production. During its one and a half century lifespan its output provided a significant part of Transylvania’s iron supply. While it operated it used up the entire raw material extracted in the iron ore mines of the Felcsík basin. This study presents the reconstructed ground-plan of the ironworks, its layout on the shores of the Mădăraș creek, and the chemical composition and microstructure of the samples discovered during exploration of the location by means of XRF analysis, EDS analysis and metallography. The analysis of the pig iron, the steel and the slag although performed on individual samples, still provides a good approach regarding the products of the ironworks, their chemical composition and microstructural characteristics.

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Naïve Realism and the Conception of Hallucination as Non-Sensory Phenomena

Introspection and Consciousness, ed.by Declan Smithies and Daniel Stoljar. New York: Oxford University Press. Smith, A. D. 2008. Disjunctivism and discriminability. In Disjunctivism: Perception, Action, Knowledge, ed. by Adrian Haddock and Fiona Macpherson, 181-204. New York: Oxford University Press. Smithies, Declan. 2012. A simple theory of introspection. In Introspection and Consciousness, ed. by Declan Smithies and Daniel Stoljar. New York: Oxford University Press. Soteriou, Matthew. 2016. Disjunctivism. New York: Routledge

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Visual Experience and Demonstrative Thought

. Articulated Terms. Philosophical Perspectives 7: 207-230. Salmon, Nathan. 2002. Demonstrating and Necessity. Philosophical Review 111: 497-537. Shoemaker, Sidney. 1968. Self-Reference and Self-Awareness. Journal of Philosophy 65: 555-67. Siegel, Susanna. 2002.. The Role of Perception in Demonstrative Reference. Philosophers’ Imprint 2 (1) ( www.philosophersimprint.org/002001 ). Smithies, Declan. Forthcoming. What is the Role of Consciousness in Demonstrative Thought? Journal of Philosophy , forthcoming. Snowdon, Paul. 1992. How to

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Analysis of a Possibility of Using Fuzzy Logic to Assess the Reliability of Aircraft On-Board Systems

.S., Mannan M.S., Bigoszewska A.: Fuzzy logic for process safety analysis, Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Vol. 22, Iss. 6, 2009. 15. Munger S., Smithy R., Payne D.: An index of electronic equipment operability, data store, Tech. Rep. AIR-C43-1/62-RP, American Institutes for Research, Pittsburgh, USA, 1962. 16. Muré S., Demichela M.: Fuzzy Application Procedure (FAP) for the risk assessment of occupational accidents, Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Vol. 22, Iss. 5, 2009. 17. Peirce F.T.: Tensile Tests for Cotton

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New Targets for End-Stage Chronic Kidney Disease Therapy

R eferences 1. Lozano, R. Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet. 2012;380:2095–128. 2. Huby AC, Rastaldi MP, Caron K, Smithies O, Dussaule JC, Chatziantoniou C. Restoration of podocyte structure and improvement of chronic renal disease in transgenic mice overexpressing renin. PLoS One. 2009;21:e6721. 3. Kavvadas P, Weis L, Abed AB, Feldman DL, Dussaule JC, Chatziantoniou C. Renin inhibition reverses renal disease in

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Molecular Characterization of Lates niloticus (Perciformes, Latidae) Populations from three Nigerian Waterbodies using Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA and Microsatellite Markers

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Detection and serotyping of Listeria monocytogenes in some food products from North-East of Romania

enrichment broth media. Food control, 2008; 19:750-6. 13. O'Grady J, Ruttledge M, Sedano-Balbas S, Smithy TJ, Barry T, Maher M. Rapid detection of Listeria monocytogenes in food using culture enrichment combined with real-time PCR. Food Microbiol, 2009; 26:4-7. 14. O'Grady J, Sedano-Balbas S, Maher M, Smith T, Barry T. Rapid real-time PCR detection of Listeria monocytogenes in enriched food samples based on the ssrA gene, a novel diagnostic target. Food Microbiol, 2008; 25:75-84. 15. Carp-Cărare C, Vlad-Sabie A, Horhogea C

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Historical water-powered ferrous metallurgy reconstructed from tree-rings and lacustrine deposits (Mała Panew basin, southern Poland)

. TSAP - Reference Manual. Frank Rinn. Heidelberg, Germany: 264pp. Roździeński W, 1612. Officina ferraria, abo Huta y Warstat z Kuźniami szlachetnego dzieła Żelaznego (Officina ferraria, or a foundry and workshop with an iron producing smithy). drukarnia S. Kempini Kraków. (in Polish). Schubert HR, 1957. History of the British iron and steel industry. Routledge and Keegan Paul, London: 60pp Speer JH, 2010. Fundamentals of tree-ring research. University of Arizona Press, Tucson: 368pp Stokes MA and Smiley TL, 1996. An introduction to

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Can the Unconscious Image Save “No Overflow”?

. Trends in Cognitive Science 19(10): 590–602. Pertzov, Yoni; Bays, Paul M.; Joseph, Sabine; Husain, Masud. 2013. Rapid forgetting prevented by retrospective attention cues. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 39: 1224–31. Phillips, Ian. 2011a. Attention and iconic memory. In Attention: Philosophical and Psychological Essays , edited by Christopher Mole, Declan Smithies and Wayne Wu. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Phillips, Ian. 2011b. Perception and iconic memory. Mind and Language 26: 381–411. Phillips

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Preliminary serological and molecular investigation of selected viral pathogens in Croatian cervid species

. Transbound Emerg Dis 2015, 64:137-143. doi:10.1111/tbed.12353. 34. Anonymous. Croatian Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Yearbook, 47 Year, December 2015, 16-23. Hunting, pp 288. 35. Carbrey EA, Brown LN, Chow TL, Kahrs RF, Mckercher DG, Smithies LK, Tamoglia TW: Recommended standard laboratory techniques for diagnosing. In: Bender LC, editor. Diseases and parasites of gemsbok infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, bovine viral diarrhea and shipping fever (parainfluenza-3). Proceedings of the United States Animal Health Association 1971, p 629–648. 36. OIE

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