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L iterature Battarra, R., Zucaro, F., & Tremiterra, M. R. (2017). Smart mobility: An evaluation method to audit Italian cities. 5th IEEE International Conference on Models and Technologies for Intelligent Transportation Systems , 421-426. Batty, M., Axhausen, K. W., Giannotti, F., Pozdnoukhov, A., Bazzani, A., Wachowicz, M., Ouzounis, G., & Portugali, Y. (2012). Smart cities of the future. European Physical Journal: Special Topics , 214 (1), 481-518. Benevolo, C., Dameri, R. P., & D’Auria, B. (2016) Smart Mobility in Smart City. In T. Torre, A. Braccini, R

Abstract

Smart City as a concept presupposes using new information and communication technologies in order to improve the quality of life within a particular geographic area. There are six different pillars in the frame of this concept and their one purpose is to achieve better efficiency of city operations. Smart mobility and transport are some of them. The efforts of traditional cities to become smart are not easily and quickly achievable. Numerous traffic solutions have already been implemented in different cities all over the world that make the ‘jump’ from traditional city to smart city. This paper provides an overview of the ‘smart’ transport solutions that have been implemented in the city of Skopje as a traditional city, which is on its way to becoming a smart city.

The presented smart solutions are related to traffic management and control area and are aimed at alleviating traffic problems. The focus is on non-motorized solutions, e-vehicles, adaptive traffic control systems and public transport solutions. Several aims have been set in this paper – to promote the achievements of the municipality of Skopje aimed at transforming Skopje into a smart city in a transport area; to present its functionality, and to point out the disadvantages related to law regulations and the interconnection of all stakeholders involved. Finally, the idea is to provide a starting point for future research and to recommend future steps in this direction in the city of Skopje.

Summary

Subject and purpose of work: Integrated fare to date is essential for the efficient functioning of city transport services and for the involvement of citizens to shift from private to public transport. Implementation of this kind is a necessary component of the future development of the city in the direction of smart mobility.

Materials and methods: The research focuses on evaluating the barriers and challenges towards the implementation of an integrated fare in Ukraine, mainly using the city of Kyiv as a case study.

Results: The article analyzes early attempts to introduce an integrated fare, problems in the way of implementation and, basically, the experience of the EU cities, which may later be adopted. Next, it outlines some critical aspects in the relationship between government policy, city authorities, transport operators and city residents in the context of the introduction of an integrated fare.

Conclusions: The study highlights such priority challenges as legal, organizational, technical and social.

Summary

The development of information and communication technologies, including in particular the modern development of mobile technologies, has an undeniable impact on people’s lives and, consequently, on consumers’ market behaviour. The growing popularity and capabilities of mobile devices, as well as the increasing availability of mobile Internet access, mean that in many markets companies are redefining their business models, in which the activities conducted via the Internet play an increasingly important role. This is particularly visible on the market of individual and public transport services, where thanks to mobile devices, as well as in consistency with trends in consumer market behaviours and the development of cities in accordance with the smart city concept, for several years now we can observe the emergence of innovative alternatives to traditional forms of transport. The pace of appearance of product innovations on the market depends, of course, to a large extent on the level of acceptance of innovation by consumers. The aim of the article is to determine the degree of innovativeness of the inhabitants of the Poznań agglomeration in the use of transport solutions available in Poznań. The research part presents the results of own research conducted in 2019 on a sample of 795 respondents. They showed that the inhabitants of the Poznań agglomeration are not afraid to use product innovations on the market of transport services and use them to a greater extent than in the case of the general population.

Rosa M. Arce Ruiz. Smart Mobility and Smart Environment in the Spanish cities. 3rd Conference on Sustainable Urban Mobility, 3rd CSUM 2016, 26–27 May 2016, Volos, Greece. Transportation Research Procedia, Vol. 24, 2017. 5. Shepero M., Munkhammar J.: Spatial Markov chain model for electric vehicle charging in cities using geographical information system (GIS) data. Applied Energy, Vol. 231, 2018. 6. Vazifeh M.M., Zhang H., Santi P., Ratti C.: Optimizing the deployment of electric vehicle charging stations using pervasive mobility data. Transportation Research Part A

'Ascenzo F., Bellini, F. (Eds.). Produzione, Logistica e Trasformazione Digitale (pp. 1-23). PADOVA: CEDAM, ISBN: 9788813366360. Benevolo, C., Dameri, R. P., & D’Auria, B. (2016). Smart Mobility in Smart City. In Torre, T., Braccini, A.M., Spinelli, R. (A c. Di). Empowering Organizations ( pp. 13–28). Springer International Publishing. Cohen, B. (2006). Urbanization in developing countries: Current trends, future projections, and key challenges for sustainability. Technology in society , 28(1-2), pp. 63-80 Dargay, J., Gately, D., & Sommer, M. (2007). Vehicle ownership

making in autonomous vehicles, In: Bogdanović Vuk, Basarić Valentina, 6th International Conference Towards a Human City: Smart Mobility - Synergy between Sustainable Mobility and New Technologies, 421 p., Novi Sad, 2017.10.25-2017.10.27. University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences, 29-32. Tractica, 2016. Advanced Driver Assistance System Component Shipments to Reach 1.2 Billion Units Annually by 2025, As of December 12, https://www.tractica.com/newsroom/press-releases/advanced-driverassistance-system-component-shipments-to-reach-1-2-billion

-transportnoi avaryinosty v Respublyke Belarus v 2011 hodu : analytycheskyi sb. Mynsk : Polyhrafycheskyi Tsentr MVD Resp. Belarus, 89 pp. Draskóczy, M. - Hydén, C. (1995 ) Pedestrian safety measures-Past and future . Risser et al. (eds.), 86-96. Földes, D. - Csiszár, C. (2016) Conception of future integrated smart mobility . In 2016 Smart Cities Symposium Prague (SCSP), Prague, (pp. 1-6). IEEE. DOI: 10.1109/SCSP.2016.7501022 Galkin A. - Drill N. - Bibik N. (2016) Applying City Marketing as a Tool to Support Sustainable Development in Small Cities : Case Study in Ukraine. Transportation

_en/ >. Hradec Králové: Strategic Development Plan of the City of Hradec Králové until 2030 < https://m.hradeck-ralove.org/file/353_1_1 >. Hradec Králové: Smart Hradec Králové – program koncept < https://www.hradeckralove.org/file/13119_1_1/ >. Hradec Králové: Smart Hradec Králové – Smart Mobility < https://www.hradeckralove.org/file/13121_1_1/ >. Hradec Králové: Smart Hradec Králové – Smart Environment < https://www.hradeckralove.org/file/13122_1_1/ >. Hradec Králové: Smart Hradec Králové – Smart Connectivity < https://www.hradeckralove.org/file/13120_1_1/ >. Jihlava

’: industry actor constructions of ‘publics’ and public engagement in infrastructure planning. Public Understanding of Science , 21(1), 17–35. DOI: 10.1177/0963662510362658. [9] Docherty, I., Marsden, G. & Anable, J. (2018). The governance of smart mobility. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 115, 114–125. DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2017.09.012. [10] Egbue, O. & Long, S. (2012). Barriers to widespread adoption of electric vehicles: An analysis of consumer attitudes and perceptions. Energy Policy, 48: 717–729. DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2012.06.009. [11] Elo, S