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region (2) Genera Eucoleus and Echinocoleus, Acta Sc. Nat. Brno, 23: 1–47 [5] Belopolskaya, M. M. (1953): Helminth fauna of shorebirds in SSSR. In Raboty po gel’mintologii k 75 — letiju. Akad K.I. Skrjabina. Izd. AN SSSR, Moskva, (in Russian) [6] Birová, V, Macko, J.K. (1976): Ùber die lebensfähigk eit und das Ùberleben der kurzschwänzigen, verkürztschwänzigen und normalschwänzigen Formen, von Heterakis gallinarum. Biológia (Bratislava), 31: 583–593 [7] Bondarenko, S.K., Kontrimavichus, V. I. (1999): The helminth fauna of Charadriformes in Alaska: Zoogeographical

Abstract

We investigated habitat preference of Common Sandpipers as part of a monitoring program in the Őrség National Park, Hungary. Field observations were conducted during the summers between 2008 and 2012 along a 47-km long section of the River Rába. During the observations we recorded the number and location of birds on the river bank. We divided the studied area into 1 km long sections and measured the proportion of the visually distinguishable habitat types (water, low gravel and sand bank, vegetation and degraded area) from a digitalized map. Furthermore, we recorded the number of the low banks and the number of bends of the river within each section, as well as the sections’ distance from the closest hydroelectric power plants and human settlements. In 2012 we also performed a detailed habitat mapping, recording the proportion of the vegetation types along the river bank and the number of fishing spots, embankment strengthenings and gravel banks. We tested the correlations between these habitat variables and number of birds present in the river sections. Our results show that Common Sandpipers were observed more frequently in locations which have (1) larger number and area of low gravel and sand banks, (2) less dense vegetation, and (3) lower proportion of degraded habitats. These findings can be taken into account in the conservation management of River Rába

Abstract

The Slender-billed Curlew (Numenius tenuirostris) is a higly endangered, almost extinct shorebird species in Europe. This paper describes little-known evidence about its occurrence in the Bohemian territory, which could help to get this species back on the checklist of birds in the Czech Republic.

[1] Belogurov, O. I., Zueva, L. S. (1968): Two new cestode species of shorebirds from Far East. Soob. Dalnevost. Fil. V. L. Komarova AN SSSR, 26: 11–17 (In Russian) [2] Bona, F. V. (1994): Family Dilepididae Railliet & Henry, 1909. In: Khalil, L. F., Jones, A., Bray, R. A. (Eds): Keys to the Cestode Parasites of Vertebrates. CAB International, Wallingford, pp. 443–554 [3] Burt, D. R. (1983): Taeniarhynchaena micropalamae gen. et sp. n. (Cestoda, Dilepididae) from the stilt sandpiper Micropalama himantopus (Bonaparte, 1826). J. Parasitol., 69: 750–753 http

. Ring. & Migr. 22: 51-58. Hirschfeld E., Mohamed S. A., Stawarczyk T. 1992. Bahrain shorebird study. WIWO report 42, Zeist. Hodkinson I. D., Coulson S. J., Webb N. R., Block W., Strathdee A. T., Bale J S., Worland M. R. 1996. Temperature and the biomass of flying midges (Diptera: Chironomidae) in the high Arctic. Oikos 75: 241-284. Holmgren N. M. A., Jönsson P. E. Wennerberg L. 2001. Geographical variation in the timing of breeding and moult in dunlin Calidris alpina on the Palearctic tundra. Polar Biol. 24: 369-377. Kersten M., Brenninkmeijer A. 1995. Growth

of homoeothermy origin and development, with avian energetics as a case study. Journal of General Biology, 73 (2), 88-113 [In Russian]. Hobson, K. A., Jehl, J. R. 2010. Arctic waders and the capital-income continuum: Further tests using isotopic contrasts of egg components. Journal Avian Biology, 41, 565-572. Kam, J., Ens, B., Piersma, Th ., Zwarts, L., 2004. Shorebirds. An illustrated behavioural ecology. KNNV Publishers, 1-367. Kharchenko, L. P., Lykova, I. A. 2013. Lymphoid structures of the waders’ digestive tract (Charadrii). The Journal of V. N. Karazin

valeology , 16 , 29–36 [In Ukrainian]. Maillet, D., Weber, J-M. 2006. Performance enhancing role of dietary fatty acids in a long-distance migrant shorebird: The semipalmated sandpiper. Journal Experimental Biology, 209 (14), 2686–2695. Maillet, D., Weber, J-M. 2009. Relationship between n-3 PUFA content and energy metabolism in the flight muscles of a migrating shorebird: Evidence for natural doping. Anat. Rec.: Adv. Integr. Anat. and Evol. Biol ., 292 (11), 413–420. Piersma, T., Pérez-Tris, J., Mouritsen, H., Bairlein, F. 2005. Is There a “Migratory Syndrome

.: Railway Ecology – Springer, Cham. H amza F., S elmi S. (2015): Habitat features and human presence as predictors of the abundance of shorebirds and wading birds wintering in the Gulf of Gabès, Tunisia. – Marine Ecology Progress Series 540: 251–258. H amza F., H ammouda A., C hokri M.A., B echet A., S elmi S. (2014): Distribution et abondance du flamant rose Phoenicopterus roseus hivernant dans la zone centrale du golfe de Gabes, Tunis. – Alauda 82: 135–142. K haleghizadeh A. (2010): Diurnal Behaviour of the Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus during a

[Collared Pratincole (Glareola pratincola) colonies in region of Karcag]. - Calandrella 5: 87. (in Hungarian) Hayman, P., Marchant, J. & Prater, T. 1991. Shorebirds: An Identification Guide to the Waders of the World. - A & C Black Kapocsi, I. 2002. Időjárási tényezők hatása a szántóföldi növénykultúrában költő székicsér populációra [The effects of weather conditions the Collared Pratincoles (Glareola pratincola) breeding population]. - A Puszta 17: 10-14. (in Hungarian) Kayser, Y. 2015. Suivi de la reproduction de la Glaréole à collier Glareola pratincola en Camargue et

References Alestarm, T., Gudmundsson, G. A., Johanneson, K.. 1992. Resources for long distance migration: intertidal exploitation of Littorina and Mytilus by Knots Calidris canutus in Iceland. Oikos, 65 , 179–189. Andrusenko, N.N. 1980. Towards the diet of some mass species of waders at Lake Tengiz. In : Proceedings of the second workshop on fauna and ecology of waders . Moscow, 9–11 [In Russian]. Colwell, M. A., Landrum, S. L. 1993. Nonrandom shorebird distribution and fine-scale variation in prey abundance. Condor, 95 , 94–103. De Nobel, W. T