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Evaluation of Digital Shadow Economy Prevention Measures

, Y. (2008). Revisiting the role of web assurance seals in business-to-consumer electronic commerce. Decision Support Systems, 44 (4), 1000-1015. Lithuanian Free Market Institute (2014). Lietuvos seseline ekonomika. [Accessed 12.01.2016]. Available from Internet: http://files.lrinka.lt/Seseline_ekonomika/LSE3.pdf Manolas, G., Rontos, K., Sfakianakis, G., Vavouras, I. (2013). The Determinants of the Shadow Economy: The Case of Greece. International Journal of Criminology and Sociological Theory, 6 (1), 1036

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Shadow Economy in Tourism: Some Conceptual Considerations from Croatia

References Asea, P.K. (1996). The Informal Sector: Baby or Bath Water? Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, 45, 163-171. DOI: 10.1016/S0167-2231(96)00022-X Badariah, H.D., Habibullah, M.S. & Baharom, A.H. (2015). Does the Shadow Economy Matter for Tourism? International Evidence. Taylor’s Business Review, 5(1), 1-9. URL: http://www.taylors.edu.my/tbr/uploaded/2015_vol5_issue1_p1.pdf Bajada, C. (1999). Estimates of the underground economy in Australia. Economic Record, 75(4), 369-384. DOI: 10

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Corruption, Shadow Economy and Economic Growth: An Empirical Survey Across the European Union Countries

., Schneider F. (2009). Corruption and the Shadow Economy: A Structural Equation Model Approach, IZA DP 4182. 5. Choi, J., Thum, M. (2005). Corruption and the Shadow Economy. International Economic Review, 46 (3), 817-836. 6. De Rosa, D., Gooroochurn, N., Gorg, H. (2010). Corruption and productivity: firmlevel evidence from the BEEPS Survey. Policy Research Working Paper, World Bank, 5348,1-41. 7. Djankov, S., La Porta, R., Lopez-de-Silanes, F., Shleifer, A. (2002). The regulation of entry. Quaterly Journal of Economics, 117 (1

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Determinants of Shadow Economy in Eastern European Countries

References Alm, J., and Embaye, A., 2013. Using Dynamic Panel Methods to Estimate Shadow Economies Around the World, 1984–2006 . Working Papers 1303. Tulane University, Department of Economics. Retrieved from https://ideas.repec.org/p/tul/wpaper/1303.html Apel, M., 1994. An expenditure-based estimate of tax evasion in Sweden . Working Paper 1994 (1). Department of Economics, Uppsala University. Uppsala. AT Kearney, 2013. The Shadow Economy in Europe, 2013. www.atkearney.com/documents/10192/1743816/The+Shadow+Economy+in+Europe+2013.pdf

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The Shadow Economy and Its Impact on National Competitiveness: The Case of Slovenia

:31. Eilat, Y., Zinnes C. (2000), "The Evolution of the Shadow Economy in Transition Countries: Consequences for Economic Growth and Donor Assistance", CAER II Discussion Paper , No. 83, United States Agency for International Development. European Commission (2004), Undeclared work in an enlarged Union: An analysis of undeclared work , Brussels: Employment & European Social Fund, pp. 1-227. Eurostat (GDP), (2006), GDP per capita in PPS, [ http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page?_pageid=1996,39140985&_dad

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The Shadow Economy is Retreating: An Example of Georgia

survey results), p. 38. Papava,V.(2002). Political Economy of Post-communist Capitalism and Economy of Georgia, p. 526. Schneider, F., Williams, C. (2013). The Shadow Economy, the Institute of Economic Affairs; London, Profile Books Ltd, 184 p. Schneider, F. (2012). The Shadow Economy and Work in the Shadow: What Do We (Not) Know? IZA Discussion Paper No. 6423, 73 p. Schneider, F. (2015). Size & Development of the Shadow Economy of 31 European and 5 Other OECD Countries from 2003 to 2014: Different

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Determinants of the Shadow Economy in the Czech Regions: A Region-Level Study

Economy in German Regions: An Empirical Assessment. German Economic Review . Vol. 13, pp. 275-290. DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-0475.2011.00557.x CHAUDHURI, K., F. SCHNEIDER, and S. CHATTOPADHYAY. (2006). The size and development of the shadow economy: An empirical investigation from states of India. Journal of Development Economics . Vol. 80, pp. 428-443. DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2005.02.011 ELGIN, C., and O. ÖZTUNALI. (2012). Shadow economy around the world: model based estimates. Working Papers. No. 2012/05, pp. 1-48. FREY, B. S., and H. WECK

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Study On Budget Revenue Collection, Shadow Economy and Tax Losses Caused By It

, B., Schwarzenberger, H., Kirchler, E. (2011). Rationality vs. Emotions: The Case of Tax Ethics and Compliance, Retrieved from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1831077 Accessed February 2014. 7. Murphy, R. (2011). The Cost of Tax Abuse: A briefing paper on the cost of tax evasion worldwide, The Tax Justice Network, Chesham (UK), November 2011. 8. Osmani, R. (2015). The level of the shadow economy, tax evasion and corruption: The empirical evidence for SEE countries, SEEU Review Volume 11 Issue 2, pp. 7-23, Retrieved

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The Consequences of Shadow Economy and Corruption on Tax Revenue Performance in Nigeria

References 1. Abdih, Y., & Medina, L., (2016), The informal economy in the Caucasus and Central Asia: Size and determinants, In Arnis Sauka, Friedrich Schneider and Colin C. Williams (Editors), Entrepreneurship and the Shadow Economy, Edward Elgar Publishing Inc. 2. Anwar, S., Akbar, R., Akbar, M.W. & Azhar, A., (2017), Measuring the size of underground Economy in Pakistan: A microeconomic approach, Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences, 7(8), pp. 84-93. 3. Aruoba, S.B., (2010), Informal Sector, Government Policy and

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Military Expenditures and Shadow Economy in the Central and Eastern Europe: is There a Link?

1 Introduction and Literature Review The shadow economy and its determinants are of great interest to academic researchers and policy-makers – the amount of economic knowledge in this field is constantly increasing. It is known that economic entities operating in the shadow economy often pay bribes ( Dreher and Schneider, 2010 ; Goel and Saunoris, 2014a ). Bribes, unlike taxes, involve unpredictable distortions in the uncertain and discretional use of government power ( Cieślik and Goczek, 2018 ). This provides costs to business, and alongside, with

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