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Podręcznik Warszawa Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych PTP 1995 7. Lipiec J. Świat wartości. Wprowadzenie do aksjologii. Kraków; Fall: 2001. Lipiec J. Świat wartości Wprowadzenie do aksjologii Kraków Fall 2001 8. Basiaga-Pasternak J. Hierarchia wartości sportowców – zawodników piłki nożnej. Ann Univ Mariae Curie Sklodowska, 2005; 60(1): 63-69. Basiaga-Pasternak J. Hierarchia wartości sportowców – zawodników piłki nożnej Ann Univ Mariae Curie Sklodowska 2005 60 1 63 69 9. Feather N.T. Human Values, Global Self-Esteem, and Belief In a Just World. J Per, 1991; 59(1): 83

cause better performance, interpersonal success, happiness, or healthier lifestyles? Psychological Science in the Public Interest , 4 (1), 1–44. doi: 10.1111/1529-1006.01431 Bishop, J. A. & Inderbitzen, H. M. (1995). Peer acceptance and friendship: An investigation of their relation to self-esteem. Journal of Early Adolescence , 15 (4), 476–489. doi: 10.1177/0272431695015004005 Blascovitch, J. & Tomaka, J. (1991). Measures of self-esteem. In J. P. Robinson, P. R. Shaver and L. S. Wrightsman (Eds.), Measures of personality and social psychological attitudes (pp

. |in Polish) G. Galas. B. (1998). factors of self-esteem and aspirations of young people. Rnrhologia Wychowawcza 1. [in Polis] 7. Ossowski. R. (1982). Shaping the image of one's oivn situation in the case of people vis ually impaired in the process of rehabilitation. Bydgoszcz: Wyd. WSP [in Polish] 8. Mądrzycki. T. (1996). Personality as a system of creating and implementing plans.(idańsk: Wyd.PTP. [in Polish] 9. Furmanska, E. (2001). Self-esteem and self-acceptance in early adolescence. Edukacja i Dialog 1. [in Polish] 10. Sankowski. T. (2001). Self-esteem and its

1 Introduction A large number of studies have shown that self-esteem is a core predictor of subjective well-being and life satisfaction, 1 and it is closely related to turnover intention, job burnout, and mental health. 2 , 3 Self-esteem can not only predict individual differences in cognitive, emotional, and behavioral aspects, but also can serve as a mediator to regulate individuals’ physical and psychological responses to success or failure. 4 Individuals with high self-esteem can feel a greater sense of self-worth and have a stable personality tendency

2004 , p. 4). Insight into soldiers’ role identity is important because role identity predicts behavior and future performance. The need for this knowledge is even more urgent in unpredictable and dangerous situations ( Op den Buijs et al. 2012 ). Military role identity is also an important consideration; in that, it affects soldiers’ self-esteem and other important outcomes, such as commitment ( Wong 2004 ), retention ( Griffith 2009 ) and working in cooperation, with other countries’ armed forces ( Task group HFM-163 2012 ). For commanders, it is therefore

Jagiellońskiego; 2015. 8. Niebrzydowski L. Psychologia wychowawcza – samoświadomość, aktywność, stosunki interpersonalne. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo PWN; 1989. 9. Janiszewska-Nieścioruk Z. Samoocena, samoocena dzieci i młodzieży z niepełnosprawności intelektualną. In: T. Pilch (ed.) Encyklopedia pedagogiczna XXI wieku. Warszawa: ŻAK; 2006. 10. Szewczuk W. Słownik psychologiczny. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Wiedza Powszechna; 1985. 11. Aronson E, Akert R, Wilson T. Psychologia społeczna – serce i umysł. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Zyski S-ka; 1997. 12. Wells LE, Marwell G. Self-esteem: Its

Childhood: Influence of Perceived Maternal Sensitivity, Self-esteem, and Shyness. Creativity Research Journal, 28 (1), 105-113. Chen, F., Curran, P.J., Bollen, K.A., Kirby, J. & Paxton, P. (2008). An empirical evaluation of the use of fixed cut-off points in RMSEA test statistic in structural equation models. Sociological Methods & Research, 36 (4), 462-494. Chien-Chih, C., Mei-Yao, H., Tzu-Wen, L., Jing-Horng, L.F., Yi-Hsiang, C., & Jui-Fu, C. (2019). Moderating Effect of Self-Esteem on the Relationship between Perfectionism and Creative Thinking among Collegiate

References 1. ADIE, J. W., J. L. DUDA & N. NTOUMANIS, 2008. Achievement goals, competition appraisals, and the psychological and emotional welfare of sport participants. In: Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 30(3): 302-322. 2. BARDEL, M., P. FONTAYNE, F. COLOMBEL & L. SCHIPHOF, 2010. Effects of match result and social comparison on sport state self-esteem fluctuations. In: Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 11(3): 171-176. 3. BARTHOLOMEW, K. J., N. NTOUMANIS, R. M. RYAN & C. THOGERSENNTOUMANI, 2011. Psychological need thwarting in the sport context

Abstract

Introduction: In adulthood, the stages of personality formation and definition continue. This represents the age of full assertion and achievement of individuality, both professionally and in terms of self-devaluation. Also, during this period, physical effort becomes an important factor in maintaining and balancing all body functions.

The aim of the paper consists of a comparative analysis of the personality of adults who practice sports activities and of those who do not practice sports activities.

Methods: in order to achieve the proposed objectives, two questionnaires were used to identify the level of stress and self-esteem in people involved in research, who practice sports and who do not practice sports.

Results: We found that people who practice sports activities have a high self-esteem, compared to those who do not practice sports activities. Also, concerning the same subjects, the level of stress is higher in people who do not practice a sport, compared to those who practice a sport.

Conclusions: We consider that this study is useful for all people who want to practice sports, to realize the physical and mental benefits.

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