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The present study aims at highlighting some of the impacts that labour market an education mutually have on each other both in the context of economies in transition (even if they used to have long historic traditions related to pioneering in instruction and education at mass and elite level) and that of a steady and consequent capitalist state undisturbed by the storms of radical political changes and periods of totally negating the values and results created by former historic eras and communities.

The main idea is that the relationship between the labour market and education is that of a mutual demand and supply based corelation, permanently influencing each other, so no political or economic authority and power should miss taking this into consideration unless they want to fail.


This study empirically investigates the link between the levels of formal education and economic growth in Greece during the period 1960-2009. The paper applies the Lucas approach (1988) and employs cointegration, error-correction models and estimates the effect of each educational level on economic growth. The empirical analysis reveals that there is a long-run relation between educational levels and gross domestic product. The overall results show that secondary and higher education has had a statistically significant positive impact on growth, while primary has not contributed to economic growth. The findings also suggest that there is evidence of unidirectional long-run causality running from primary education to growth, bidirectional long-run causality between secondary and growth, long-run and short-run causality running from higher education to economic growth.


The paper features a discussion on the legal conditions that regulate the aspects of working time, driving times, breaks and rest periods for professional drivers. The drivers’ knowledge of and compliance with the regulations were the subject of surveys conducted among thirty professional drivers. The study was conducted on a group of selected drivers (males) hired in a single transport company. The interviewees referred to their knowledge and its practical use in everyday work. The interviewees responded anonymously and voluntarily to the questions asked in the survey. These were persons of the age of 21 to 65 years old. 47% of all interviewees executed only national transports, whereas international transports were executed by 33% drivers. The interviewees included persons with basic, vocational, secondary and higher education. Most of them were persons with large occupational experience, working as a professional driver longer than 5 years, no persons with occupational experience between 11 to 19 years. The paper includes the specification of the survey methodology and analysis of the obtained results, with special attention paid to the reasons for the conscious and unconscious violation of regulations. The analysis results are presented in a graphical form.


Introduction. Satisfaction with life and its determinants are components of human well-being, which the individual assesses in the area of quality of life, based on the own adopted criteria. Of particular interest is the recognition of these factors in people who are struggling with chronic diseases such as ulcerative colitis.

Aim. The aim of the work was to get to know the level of life satisfaction as well as its determinants such as acceptance of the disease and generalized self-efficacy of patients with ulcerative colitis.

Material and methods. The prospective study included 102 patients with diagnosed ulcerative colitis, who were tested for the level of life satisfaction and the level of disease acceptance and generalized self-efficacy. Descriptive statistics, parametric and nonparametric tests were used for data analysis. Correlation analyzes for variables expressed in ordinal scales were made using r-Pearson correlation. Significance was assumed at the level of p <0.05.

Results. The level of life satisfaction, acceptance of the disease and generalized self-efficacy in the subjects were reduced. The level of life satisfaction was dependent on the level of self-efficacy and acceptance of the disease. The level of life satisfaction of the respondents correlated with the generalized own effectiveness and acceptance of the disease. A higher level of life satisfaction was obtained by respondents with a higher level of disease acceptance and convinced of effective coping with difficult situations. Men presented better results than women.

Conclusions. Satisfaction with life and its determinants in patients with ulcerative colitis were reduced. The respondents with vocational education achieved lower results than those with secondary and higher education. Women presented lower variable levels than men. The level of satisfaction was dependent on the acceptance of the disease and on the generalized own effectiveness.

, Yaël, and Christine Guégnard. 2013. Choices and Enrollments in French Secondary and Higher Education: Tensions and Repercussions for Second-Generation Immigrants. Comparative Education Review 57(3) - Special Issue on Fair Access to Higher Education: 481-502. Buchholz, Sandra, Christian Imdorf, Sandra Hupka-Brunner, and Hans-Peter Blossfeld. 2012. Sind leistungsschwache Jugendliche tatsachlich nicht ausbildungsfahig? Eine Langsschnittanalyse zur beruflichen Qualifizierung von Jugendlichen mit geringen kognitiven Kompetenzen im Nachbarland Schweiz. Kölner Zeitschrift

underemployment; Thirteenth International Conference of Labour Statisticians , International Labour Organisation, October 1982, Geneva ILO (2002): Key indicators of the labour market 2001-2002 ; International Labour Office, Geneva Keller, K. (2006): Investment in primary, secondary, and higher education and the effects on economic growth; Contemporary Economic Policy , 24(1): 18-34 MEF (2008): Semi-annual macroeconomic bulletin ; Ministry of Economy and Finacn, Issues 1 MEST (2004): Strategy for development of higher education in Kosova 2005-2015 ; Ministry of Education

analysed aspect is revealed by residents with basic vocational, secondary and higher education. The most perceived component is “knowledge of the process” in the group of city residents with “lower” education, while people with higher education have a worse perception. Fig. 6 Spatial diversity of the components of “globalisation” among people of Silesian descent with incomplete primary, primary and lower secondary education, Legend: I – “knowledge of the process” component, II – “assessment of the process” component, III – “sources of information” component Source: own

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). Complexity and educational research: A critical reflection. In M. Mason (Ed.), Complexity Theory and the philosophy of education (pp. 169–180). Wiley-Blackwell. Kyburz-Graber, R. (2004). Does case-study methodology lack rigour? The need for quality criteria for sound case-study research, as illustrated by a recent case in secondary and higher education. Environmental Education Research, 10 (1), 53–65. Lawrence, R. J., & Despres, C. (2004). Futures of transdisciplinarity. Futures, 36 (4), 397–405. Leavy, P. (2011). Essentials of transdisciplinary research: Using

old age: ≥ 65 years. Respondents who participated in this study were dominated by the productive age group, besides that the productive age group was suitable times to determine a life partner, marry and reproduce / produce children (Jahja, 2011). Most respondents have parents with a high education level, namely diploma / bachelor graduates. School education level consists of primary, secondary, and higher education (Ihsan, 2011). Parents' occupation in this study showed that most mothers chose to work, namely 53.3% and fathers 76.7%. Parents' work greatly