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Annual Conference , Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, 7-10 July 2013. Narra, S., Tao, Y., Glaser, C., Gusovius, H.J., Ay, P. (2010). Increasing the Calorific Value of Rye Straw Pellets with Biogenous and Fossil Fuel Additives. Energy Fuels , Vol. 24 , 5228-5234: DOI:10.1021/ef100823b. Nguyen, Q., Bowyer, J. (2017). Global production of second generation biofuels: Trends and influences. Available at: http://www.dovetailinc.org/report_pdfs/2017/dovetailbiofuels0117.pdf . Planning and installing bioenergy systems. (2005). A guide for installers, architects and

., LOUVEL, B., BIDAR, G., LABIDI, S., FONTAINE, J., MUCHEMBLED, J., LOUNES-HAJD SAHRAOUI, A., FOURRIER, H., DOUAY, F.: Metal accumulation and shoot yield of Miscanthusxgiganteus growing in contaminated agricultural soils: Insights into agronomic practices. Agr. Ecosyst. Environ., 213:12, 2015, 61-71. PANDEY, V.C., BAJPAI, O., SINGH, N.: Energy crops in sustainable phytoremediation, Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev., 54, 2016, 58-73. PIDLISNYUK, V.: Expanding the Potential of Second Generation Biofuels Crops by Using for Phytoremediation of Sites Contaminated by Heavy Metals

Abstract

Bio-energy (like other renewable energy sources) is proposed as a solution for climate change and other energy-related and economic issues. The predominant production model, however, which is based on first-generation biofuels developed on a global scale, creates ecological impacts throughout the production chain, resulting in a sustainability paradox, as well as social unrest and territorial conflict. Therefore, attention here is focussed on agro-energy and second-generation biofuels, investigating the structural differences, the advantages, the potential problems and the possible solutions of some local biofuel initiatives in North Western Europe. Finally, we propose a regional agrarian model to avoid the impacts and contradictions of the global industrial model, to produce a better ecological balance at both the local and the global levels, and to improve the democratic character of energy governance. In addition, we suggest a paradigmatic reading to better understand the cultural, political and socio-economic implications of the two models.

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