Radmila Radojevic-Popovic, Tamara Nikolic, Isidora Stojic, Jovana Jeremic, Ivan Srejovic, Goran Pesic and Vladimir Jakovljevic
). Regulation of free radical outflow from an isolated muscle bed in exercising humans. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 287(4):H1689-1699.
4. Bailey DM, Lawrenson L, McEneny J, Young IS, James PE, Jackson SK, Henry RR, Mathieu-Costello O, Mc- Cord JM, Richardson RS. (2007). Electron paramagnetic spectroscopic evidence of exercise-induced free radical accumulation in human skeletal muscle. Free Radic Res. 41(2):182-190.
5. Perovic A, Unic A, Dumic J. (2014). Recreational scubadiving: negative or positive effects of oxidative and cardiovascular
and scubadiving: a practical guide for physicians on when to refer for screening. Extrem Physiol Med. 2013 Apr 1;2(1):10. DOI:10.1186/2046-7648-2-10;
25. Smart D, Mitchell S, Wilmshurst P, Turner M, Banham N. Joint position statement on persistent foramen ovale (PFO) and diving. South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society (SPUMS) and the United Kingdom Sports Diving Medical Committee (UKSDMC). Diving Hyperb Med. 2015 Jun;45(2):129-31;
26. Regulation of the Minister of Health of 17 September 2007 on health conditions of performing underwater works, Journal
Romuald Olszański, Zbigniew Dąbrowiecki, Dorota Niewiedział, Krzysztof Gadomski and Ewa Zieliński
Allergic rhinitis occurs in various regions of the world and affects from 10 to 40% of the population. The skin prick test is the “gold standard” for the detection of type I allergic diseases according to the Gella and Coombs classification, which is mediated by IgE. For our experiment, skin prick tests were performed on 60 divers aged between 30 and 40 years of age. The following tests for airborne allergens were used: tests for pollen from trees, grasses, cereals, weeds, proteins from house dust mites, animal hair and epidermis, and moulds. On the basis of an interview and a positive skin prick test allergic rhinitis was diagnosed in 17 divers.
Allergic rhinitis can cause health problems in divers and be the cause of diving accidents.
The application of the skin prick test during the health qualification in the Military Maritime Health Commission, would allow the exclusion of diver candidates suffering from allergies.
Scientific diving is increasingly being used for numerous studies. Moreover, this form of diving allows for the conduction of interdisciplinary research. The current nomenclature of this type of dive is defined as scuba diving to collect information to support science by using diving techniques. Underwater research is particularly important in the natural sciences where it allows for the non-invasive observations of fauna and flora of aquatic ecosystems in their natural environment. At the same time, the use of diving for scientific purposes avoids mistakes made in random sampling, which is related to the use of classical sampling methods. As a result, such diving is crucial in systematic, ecological and behavioural analysis. Nevertheless, dive techniques, however versatile, require optimisation, separate study and systematisation, depending on the type of research conducted. This article is an attempt to present an outline of the topic, to systematise basic concepts in presenting the principles of legal regulations in Poland and abroad..
Daria Ługowska, Tomasz Ługowski, Olga Krzywińska, Mariusz Kozakiewicz and Paweł Grzelakowski
1. Zalecenia PTD. 2017 Guidelines on the management of diabetic patients. A position of Diabetes Poland. Clin Diabet. 2017;6, Suppl. A: A1–A80;
2. Rutkowski M, Bandosz P, Czupryniak L, Gaciong Z, Solnica B, Jasiel-Wojculewicz H, et al. Prevalence of diabetes and impaired fasting glucose in Poland--the NATPOL 2011 Study. Diabet Med. 2014 Dec;31(12):1568-71;
3. Hazel J. SCUBAdiving: ADS position statement. 1994;
4. Edge CJ, St Leger Dowse M, Bryson P. Scubadiving with diabetes mellitus--the UK experience 1991-2001. Undersea
Dariusz Jóźwiak, Piotr Siermontowski, Zbigniew DąbrowieckiI and Romuald Olszański
1. Dziennik Prac Nurka 2001-2008 (The Daily Work of the Diver 2001-2008); OSN i P WP.
2. Report on Decompression Illness, Diving Fatalities and Project Dive Exploration; The DAN Annual Review of Recreational ScubaDiving Injuries and Fatalities. Based on 2002 Data. 2004 Edition by Divers Alert Network.
3. Report on Decompression Illness, Diving Fatalities and Project Dive Exploration The DAN Annual Review of Recreational ScubaDiving Injuries and Fatalities. Based on 2003 Data. 2005 Edition by Divers Alert Network.
Dorota Niewiedział, Magdalena Kolańska, Zbigniew Dąbrowiecki, Mateusz Jerzemowski, Piotr Siermontowski, Zdzisław Kobos and Romuald Olszański
1. Hemelryck W, Germonpré P, Papadopoulou V, Rozloznik M, Balestra C. Long term effects of recreational SCUBAdiving on higher cognitive function. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 2014; 24: 928-934; DOI: 10.1111/sms.12100
2. Plaza JC, Ruiz EJGF, García JJL, Conde LC. Prediction of human adaptation and performance in underwater environments. Psicothema, 2014; 26: 336-342; DOI: 10.7334/psicothema2014.5
3. Van Wijk, C., & Waters, A.H. (2001). Personality characteristics of South African Navy divers. Undersea and
During a histopathological survey of the geoduck, Panopea
abbreviata (Hiatellidae), and the razor clam, Ensis macha (Pharidae), in northern Patagonian gulfs (Argentina), turbellarian worms were found in the intestine lumen. In this work, we described a new species of Paravortex (Platyhelminthes, Graffillidae). We collected the hosts by scuba diving and dissected alive for studying the turbellarians. In this new species, the pharynx continues in a short esophagus and the latter in a saccular intestine. Gravid specimens have from 2 to 8 twin embryos in the parenchyma. A short penis papilla arises from the seminal vesicle and the gonopore presents a strong sphincter. This species resembled P. nicolli Szidat, 1965, which was described paraziting Mytilus edulis platensis in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The new species can be differentiated from P. nicolli mainly by the presence of a penis papilla and a sphincter between genital atrium and gonopore. This turbellarian species was significantly more prevalent in geoducks (28 %, n = 210) than in razor clams (6 %, n = 480) (KW, p < 0.0001). For both host species, no evidence of direct physical damage caused by turbellarians was observed.
Carbon dioxide absorbers have been used in anesthesiology for many years. However, this process is not limited to this field of medicine. Removing carbon dioxide from human environment is used in other areas as well: mining industry, submarines, scuba diving, space travel and many others. The rationale to remove carbon dioxide from confined spaces is that cannot be eliminated otherwise. Anesthesia practitioners are well aware of this component of the circle system, the carbon dioxide absorber. In daily practice the clinician is less concerned with what kind of substance fills the dedicated canister, as this is usually in the care of the maintenance personnel. The appearance of Sevoflurane and Desflurane, with their own chemical characteristics, prompted the clinician to dedicate new attention to these absorbents. The classical substances used for this purpose are different combinations of limes. The practical concern of the anesthesiologist is to notice when the absorbent is consumed and call for its replacement. Still, many other aspects remain: compound A formation with Sevoflurane, carbon monoxide formation with Desflurane and dry absorbent for instance. The latest member of these products in the medical field is the LiOH carbon dioxide absorbent. Although used for many years in the space exploration, its way into the operating room is a rather recent achievement. Special chemical properties and high absorptive capacity make this new type of absorbent an attractive option for modern anesthesia practice. The article below invites the reader through a short journey on the history of the CO2 absorbents and anesthesia circuits, Lithiumas a chemical element and, finally, to this new type of absorbent.
Joanna Słomko, Mariusz Kozakiewicz, Jacek J. Klawe, Małgorzata Tafil-Klawe, Piotr Siermontowsk and Paweł Zalewski
1. Someren EJW, Raymann RJEM, Scherder EJA, Daanen HAM, Swabb DF: Circadian and age-related modulation of thermoreception and temperature regulation: mechanisms and functional implications. Ageing Research Reviews 2002; 1, 721-778;
2. Buzzacott P, Denoble PJ, Simon O, Dunford R, Vann RD: Dive problems and risk factors for diving morbidity. Diving Hyperb Med, 2009. 39(4): p. 205-9;
3. Perovic A, Unic A, Dumic J: Recreational scubadiving: negative or positive effects of oxidative and cardiovascular