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References Transport safety performance in the EU. A statistical overview. European Transport Safety Council 2003 Transport accident costs and the value of safety. European Transport Safety Council 1997 Zintegrowany System Bezpieczeństwa Transportu ZEUS. (Integrated Transport Safety System) Research project ordered by PBZ 2/2006


The proper operation of electronic devices used in transport facilities is possible by protecting them against the effect of adverse electromagnetic fields. At present, all kinds of facilities, including critical infrastructure facilities, intended for functioning in peace conditions and emergency states, are equipped with power systems and numerous electronic devices, including electronic safety systems. On the basis of observing the process of their operation, it can be concluded that an artificially generated intended or unintended electromagnetic field, within various frequency ranges, may negatively affect the operation of electronic devices. It was found that the operation of the electronic safety systems applied at airports may be subject to interference as a result of the impact of adverse electromagnetic fields. Therefore, it is necessary to analyse the impact of electromagnetic interference on the operation of these systems. This article presents a developed author’s operation process model including electromagnetic interference within low frequencies. The reliability and operation analysis of the electronic safety systems carried out by the authors allows for numerical assessment of various types of solutions – both technical and organisational ones. As a result, they can be implemented, in order to minimise the impact of electromagnetic interference on the system functioning. This is a new approach to this issue, as there are currently designed and installed security systems at airports, but there is no analysis of the impact of electromagnetic interference on their functioning. In further research concerning this issue, the authors plan to further develop reliability-operational models, which will differentiate between the states of partial fitness. It will allow for more accurate mapping of the operation of the electronic safety systems which are applicable at airports.

of intelligent transportation systems to enhance vehicle safety for elderly and less able travellers. henderson transportation Development Centre. Transport Canada Paper Number 98-S2-O-03 pp 386-394 . MARKUS, F.; DIRK, O.; DAIMLER, A.G. (2009): Evaluation Methods for the Effectiveness of Active Safety Systems with respect to Real. In 21 st International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV 2009) No. 09-0311. MAZDA (2012): Safety Initiatives. In. Sustainability Report 2012 . Pp 118

Road Safety System in Poland

The main objective of the paper is to present crucial for road safety improvement elements of the diagnosis of safety state and safety system in Poland, which could be the part of the activities of ZEUS Project. The estimation of the diagnosis was made by the comparison with the standards from those countries, which are regarded as leaders in safety.


This paper focus on description of railway safety system radioblock and its application. Content of the paper describes usefulness of this system on those railway lines, which have been operated according to norm about simplified supervision of railway operation. Theoretical basis of the research is proved by case study on the railway line Číčenice – Volary (Czechia). This railway line is the only railway line with this safety system nowadays. Application of these issues is evaluated from safety and technology point of view. There are some suggestions for other railway lines, which are suitable for radioblock railway safety system.

REFERENCES [1] Jagniszczak I., Bezpieczeństwo transportu wodnego , [in:] Zintegrowany system bezpieczeństwa morskiego , Part 1, ed. R. Krystek, Gdańsk University of Technology, Gdańsk 2009 [ Safety of water transpor t, in: Integrated maritime safety system — available in Polish]. [2] Kopacz Z., Morgaś W., Krajowy system bezpieczeństwa morskiego w zintegrowanej polityce Unii Europejskiej , ‘Zeszyty Naukowe AMW’ [Sciencific Journal of PNA’], 2011, No. 2, pp. 65–76 [ National Maritime Secutity System in EU integrated policy — available in Polish]. [3] Krajowy


The subject of the article is the integration of a new CO2 fire extinguishing weighing system to the panel displaying the status of Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) detector safety systems (CMS Safety Panel) at CERN. The CO2 fire extinguishing system is responsible for protection of unique control devices, so safety of its operation and the weighing system was designed to monitor the state of it and make it reliable. CMS Safety Panel displays status of safety systems used in CMS Experiment and it is based on JCOP Framework that guarantee compatibility of all the projects. The integration of the new CO2 fire extinguishing system to the CMS Safety Panel requires that the system meets the assumptions that other projects fulfil and allows for clear monitoring of its situation along with the rest of the security systems.


The Safety of the Blood Supply in any country is of utmost importance to safeguard patients from serious adverse events of blood transfusion. Implementation of a Quality System in the Blood Transfusion Service, with support of Government and Ministry of Health is a key element to guarantee safe blood. The IPA TAIB 2009 project - Strengthening of the Blood Safety System executed in 2013/14 provided the means to start implementing a Quality System in the Institute for Transfusion Medicine of the Republic of Macedonia. This project aimed to ultimately bring the Blood Transfusion Service to European Union standards, allowing the exchange of blood components and all other types of collaboration with other European Union countries in future. The project put the basis for unification of blood transfusion standards and operating procedures in the whole country as well as set up essential education of blood transfusion personnel.

Integrated System of Transport Safety

In January 2007 following a competitive bidding process the Minister of Science and Higher Education decided to award the PBZ 2/2006 contract to deliver a three year research project Integrated System of Transport Safety to a consortium of the Gdańsk University of Technology, Silesian University of Technology, Air Force Institute of Technology in Warsaw and Maritime University of Szczecin. The subject of this paper is to present the problem, project outline and its objectives.


The paper analyzes the conditions of safe use of industrial gas systems and factors influencing gas hazards. Typical gas installation and its basic features have been characterized. The results of gas threat analysis in an industrial enterprise using FTA error tree method and ETA event tree method are presented. Compares selected methods of identifying hazards gas industry with respect to the scope of their use. The paper presents an analysis of two exemplary hazards: an industrial gas catastrophe (FTA) and an explosive gas explosion (ETA). In both cases, technical risks and human errors (human factor) were taken into account. The cause-effect relationships of hazards and their causes are presented in the form of diagrams in the drawings.